“the shewbread” or “the bread of the Presence”? - Is your Bible a Catholic Bible?
This study is an expanded version of an original article by Dr. Ken Matto, a strong King James Bible believer. He brings up a very good point in this study. This is just one more of many textual and translational issue that prove beyond all doubt that versions like the ESV, NIV, NASB, etc. are the new Vatican Versions.
See also Undeniable Proof the ESV, NIV, NASB are the new Vatican Versions
and The Lord’s Prayer Matthew 6:13 and Luke 11:2-4 - Is your bible a Catholic bible?
The Shewbread - What does it typify?
John Gill comments on the significance of the shewbread - “And thou shall set upon the table shewbread before me always. Which consisted of twelve cakes loaves, set in two rows upon the table, and stood there a whole week, and every sabbath were renewed; and when the old ones were took away, which were eaten by the priests, new ones were set, so that they were always before the Lord; and being continually before him, were called shewbread, or "bread of faces", being always before the face of God. This was a memorial of the goodness of God in daily providing bread for the people of Israel, and was presented to him as a thankful acknowledgment of it, and being the same they ate at their own tables; and this being eaten by the priests, was expressive of the communion between God and them, they being guests of his, and feeding on the same provisions.
This shewbread may be considered either as typical of the church and people of God, who are all one bread, 1 Corinthians 10:17, these pure and unleavened cakes may denote their purity, simplicity, and sincerity, being without the leaven of malice and wickedness; the number twelve, the twelve tribes of Israel, the whole spiritual Israel of God; their being called shewbread, or bread of faces, the presentation of themselves to the Lord in public worship, and their being ever under the eye and care of God; their being set on the table, their standing in Christ, and security by him, who is the foundation of the apostles and prophets; and being set in rows, their order and harmony; being renewed every sabbath, the constancy of their worship, and the succession of them in all ages; the frankincense put on each row, the acceptance of their persons and services through the incense of Christ's mediation; the border round about them, the power of Christ around them to keep them from falling:
or else as typical of Christ himself, of his being the food of believers, the bread of life: the shewbread of fine flour may fitly signify Christ, the finest of the wheat, the corn of heaven, the bread that comes from thence; its quantity, twelve cakes, the sufficiency of food with him, bread enough and to spare for the whole Israel of God; its continuance, the permanency of Christ as the food believers have always to feed upon.”
The word “shewbread” occurs 18 times in the King James Bible. Fourteen times in the Old Testament, and four times in the New Testament - Matthew 12:4; Mark 2:26; Luke 6:4 and Hebrews 9:2 - “For there was a tabernacle made; the first, wherein was the candlestick, and the table, and THE SHEWBREAD; which is called the sanctuary.”
Let’s compare how different bible versions have translated this word.
King James Bible - “How he entered into the house of God, and did eat THE SHEWBREAD, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the priests?”
Coverdale 1535, the Great Bible 1540, Bishops’ Bible 1568, Mace N.T. 1729, Whiston’s N.T. 1745, Godbey N.T. 1902, - “How he entered into the house of God, and did eat THE SHEWBREAD”
Geneva Bible 1587 - “Howe he entred into ye house of God, and did eate THE SHEWE BREAD, which was not lawfull for him to eate, neither for them which were with him, but onely for the Priestes?”
Darby 1890 - “How he entered into the house of God, and ate THE SHEWBREAD”
Revised Version 1881 - “how be entered into the house of God, and did eat THE SHEWBREAD.”
ASV 1901 - “how he entered into the house of God, and ate THE SHOWBREAD”
KJV 21st Century Version 1994, NKJV 1982, The Word of Yah 1993, Jubilee Bible 2012 - “how he entered into the house of God and ate THE SHOWBREAD, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for those who were with him, but only for the priests?
English Majority Text 2009, Faithful New Testament 2009 - “and ate the shewbread”
Common English Bible 2011 (a Critical text version) - “He went into God’s house and broke the law by eating THE BREAD OF THE PRESENCE, which only the priests were allowed to eat.”
Douay Rheims 1582, Douay 1950 - “ How he entered into the house of God, and did eat THE LOAVES OF PROPOSITION, which it was not lawful for him to eat, nor for them that were with him, but for the priests only?”
The Catholic Sacred Scriptures, Public Domain Version 2009 - “how he entered the house of God and ate THE BREAD OF THE PRESENCE (Capital P), which was not lawful for him to eat, nor for those who were with him, but only for the priests?
ESV - “how he entered the house of God and ate THE BREAD OF THE PRESENCE, (Capital P) which it was not lawful for him to eat nor for those who were with him, but only for the priests?” Old Testament references - “the BREAD OF THE PRESENCE” with a capital P.
NRSV - “He entered the house of God and ate the bread of the Presence, which it was not lawful for him or his companions to eat, but only for the priests.”
RSV - “how he entered the house of God and ate the bread of the Presence, which it was not lawful for him to eat nor for those who were with him, but only for the priests?”
The Holman Standard 2009 mixes up its terms calling it “THE BREAD OF THE PRESENCE (with a capital P) in the O.T. references but says “they ate THE SACRED BREAD” in Mat. 12:4, Mark 2:26 and Luke 6:4 but calls it “THE PRESENTATION LOAVES” in Hebrews 9:2.
The NIV gives a mixed message as well (surprise!) by calling it “the bread OF THE PRESENCE” in the Old Testament references (Exodus 25:30) but in the N.T. it calls it “THE CONSECRATED BREAD.”
The NASB mixes its terms up as well. In the O.T. it calls it “THE BREAD OF THE PRESENCE” with a capital P, (Exodus 25:30) but in the gospels it refers to it as “the CONSECRATED BREAD” but in Hebrews 9:2 as “THE SACRED BREAD.”
First Mention of Shewbread - Exodus 25:30
KJB - “And thou shalt set upon the table SHEWBREAD before me alway.”
Shewbread or Showbread - Tyndale 1534, Coverdale 1535, Great Bible 1540, Matthew’s Bible 1549, the Bishops’ Bible 1568, the Geneva Bible 1587, Webster Translation 1833, Brenton Translation 1851, Lesser Bible 1853, Darby 1890, the Revised Version 1881 - “the shewbread”, the ASV 1901, Brenton’s Translation of the Septuagint - “shewbread before me continually.”, the JPS 1917 (Jewish Publication Society), even the Catholic St. Joseph NAB 1970 - “you shall always keep SHOWBREAD set before me.”, Complete Apostle’s Bible 2005 - “the table showbread before Me continually.”, NKJV 1982, The Word of Yah 1993, Third Millennium Bible 1998, The Sacred Scriptures Family of Yah 2001, The Apostolic Bible 2006, English Jubilee Bible 2010, Modern Literal Version N.T. 2012 - “ate the SHOWBREAD”
Judaica Press Complete Tanach 2004 (Abraham Rosenberg), 1936 Hebrew Publishing Company Translation, 1917 JPS - “And you shall place on the table SHOWBREAD before Me at all times.”
Counterfeit Versions -
Catholic New Jerusalem bible 1985 - “you will always put the LOAVES OF PERMANENT OFFERING.”
The Catholic Sacred Scriptures, Public Domain Version 2009 - “And you shall place upon the table THE BREAD OF THE PRESENCE, in my sight always.”
RSV, NRSV, ESV, NIV, NASB, NET, Holman Standard - “ And you shall set THE BREAD OF THE PRESENCE (capital P) on the table before me regularly.”
Dr. Ken Matto writes: Affected Teaching-
Here we see in this term “BREAD OF PRESENCE” a very Roman Catholic term denoting Transubstantiation which Catholics believe that after consecration the bread and wine turn into the body and blood of Christ. We see this very openly in the ESV which is a very popular version in many churches today. Below are some quotations from Roman Catholic websites which speak of the “presence.”
In order to forestall at the very outset, the unworthy notion, that in the Eucharist we receive merely the Body and merely the Blood of Christ but not Christ in His entirety, the Council of Trent defined THE REAL PRESENCE to be such as to include with Christ's Body and His Soul and Divinity as well. A strictly logical conclusion from the words of promise: "he that eateth me the same also shall live by me", this Totality of PRESENCE was also the constant property of tradition, which characterized the partaking of separated parts of the Savior as a sarcophagy (flesh-eating) altogether derogatory to God.
From the Roman Catholic Catechism -
1376 The Council of Trent summarizes the Catholic faith by declaring: "Because Christ our Redeemer said that it was truly his body that he was offering under the species of bread, it has always been the conviction of the Church of God, and this holy Council now declares again, that by the consecration of the bread and wine there takes place a change of the whole substance of the bread into the substance of the body of Christ our Lord and of the whole substance of the wine into the substance of his blood. This change the holy Catholic Church has fittingly and properly called transubstantiation."
1377 The Eucharistic PRESENCE of Christ begins at the moment of the consecration and endures as long as the Eucharistic species subsist. CHRIST IS PRESENT whole and entire in each of the species and whole and entire in each of their parts, in such a way that the breaking of the bread does not divide Christ.
1378 Worship of the Eucharist. In the liturgy of the Mass we express our faith in THE REAL PRESENCE OF CHRIST under the species of bread and wine by, among other ways, genuflecting or bowing deeply as a sign of adoration of the Lord. "The Catholic Church has always offered and still offers to the sacrament of the Eucharist the cult of adoration, not only during Mass, but also outside of it, reserving the consecrated hosts with the utmost care, exposing them to the solemn veneration of the faithful, and carrying them in procession."
Dr. Ken Matto
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