How Many Daughters Did Lot Have - 2 or 4?
NIV, ESV, NASB, NET, Jehovah Witness, Catholic version Blunder
Comparing Genesis 19:8, 14 and 15.
How many daughters did Lot have?
Good Bible trivia question.
Lot had FOUR daughters, two were married and two lived at home and were still virgins.
According to the KJB, NKJV, Jewish Publication Society Bible of 1917, The Hebrew Publishing Company bible 1936, The Ancient Hebrew Bible 1907, The New Jewish Version 1985, The Great Bible 1540, the Bishops' Bible 1568, the Geneva Bible 1587, The Revised English Bible 1877, The Sharpe bible 1883, Darby 1890, Lamsa's 1933 translation of the Syriac Peshitta, the Greek Septuagint, The Revised Version 1885, the ASV of 1901, Bible in Basic English 1961, the NKJV 1982, The Complete Jewish Bible 1998, The Koster Scriptures 1998, The Yah Sacred Scriptures 2001, The Asser Septuagint 2009, The Conservative Bible 2010, The Hebrew Transliteration Bible 2010, The New Brenton Translation 2012, The Far Above All Translation 2014, the ISV (International Standard Version) 2014 and The Modern English Version 2014.
The Ancient Hebrew Bible 1907 - "And Lot went out and spake unto his sons in law, which married his daughters"
The JPS (Jewish Publication Society) Old Testament 1917 - “And Lot went out, and spoke unto his sons-in-law, who married his daughters, and said: 'Up, get you out of this place; for the LORD will destroy the city.' But he seemed unto his sons-in-law as one that jested.”
The New Jewish Bible 1998 - "Lot went out and spoke with his sons-in-law, who had married his daughters"
The Jewish Virtual Library Tanach Full Text 1995 - "And Lot went out, and spoke unto his sons-in-law, who married his daughters"
The English Translation of the Greek Septuagint - "And Lot went out, and spoke to his sons-in-law who had married his daughters"
Lamsa’s 1933 Translation of the Syriac Peshitta - “Then Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law who married his daughters”
The New Jewish Version 1985 - “So Lot went out and spoke to his sons-in-law, who had married his daughters”
The Hebrew Transliteration Scriptues 2010 - "So Lot went out and spoke to his sons in law which married his daughters"
Lot had at least 4 daughters, two of which were married and two that lived at home with him that were not married.
BUT according to the NIV, NASB, ESV, Holman Standard, the Jehovah Witness NWT, the Catholic versions Lot only had 2 daughters total and not 4.
In Genesis 19:8 we read of the two daughters of Lot who lived with him at home and were still virgins. Lot tells the wicked men of Sodom - "Behold now, I have two daughters WHICH HAVE NOT KNOWN MAN, let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do ye to them as is good in your eyes: only unto these men do nothing; for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof."
But in Genesis 19:14 we read of THE OTHER TWO daughters that Lot had who lived elsewhere and were married. "And Lot went out, and spake unto his sons in law, which MARRIED his daughters, and said, Up, get you out of this place; for the LORD will destroy this city. But he seemed as one that mocked unto his sons in law."
There are at least 2 married daughters here.
Then we read of the other two daughters in the next verse. "And when the morning arose, then the angels hastened Lot, saying, Arise, take thy wife, and thy two daughters, WHICH ARE HERE; lest thou be consumed in the iniquity of the city." Two unmarried daughters still in Lot's house.
But instead of the sons in law which MARRIED his daughters and lived elsewhere with their husbands, the NASB, NET, Holman and ESV say: "sons in law who WERE TO MARRY his daughters" and the NIV has: "sons in law WHO WERE PLEDGED TO MARRY his daughters."
The Jehovah Witness New World Translation says: "Lot went out and began to speak to his sons-in-law WHO WERE TO TAKE HIS DAUGHTERS"
The Roman Catholic Douay version has: "spoke to his sons in law THAT WERE TO HAVE his daughters"
while the Catholic New Jerusalem bible 1985 says: "Lot went off and spoke to HIS FUTURE SONS-IN-LAW WHO WERE TO MARRY his daughters"
How can they be called sons in law if they are not yet married? Wouldn't they be called fiancés, or engaged to, or betrothed to his daughters instead of sons in law?
So according to the NASB, ESV, NIV, Jehovah Witness NWT and the Catholic versions Lot had only two daughters and according the KJB and many others there were at least 4 daughters of Lot. Two of them died along with their husbands in Sodom while the other two who lived at home and were still virgins escaped to the mountain with their father Lot.
Bible Commentators -
As usual, they are all over the board, but many see Lot as having had FOUR daughters, two that lived at home with him that were virgins, and two who lived elsewhere that were married.
Elliott’s Commentary for English Readers - “The traditional view is that given in our Version, and is confirmed by Genesis 19:15, where the words—“thy two daughters which are here,” Heb., which are found—certainly suggest the idea that Lot had other daughters, besides the two which escaped with him.“
Aben Ezra and Jarchi (two Jewish commentators) - “and spake unto his sons in law, which married his daughters: according to Aben Ezra, he had two other daughters that perished in Sodom, which he gathers from Genesis 19:15 "which are here," as if he had some elsewhere; and so Jarchi says, he had two daughters married in the city.”
ALL of grace, believing the Book - The King James Holy Bible,
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