The men behind the Critical Text versions and what they believed.
Matthew 7:17 - Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit.
Westcott and Hort.
Brooke Foss Westcott and Fenton John Anthony Hort make clear in 1882 that they had no confidence in the original writings, which they think might have corruptions (errors) in them.
“Are there as a matter of fact places in which we are constrained by overwhelming evidence to recognise the existence of TEXTUAL ERROR IN ALL EXTANT DOCUMENTS? To this question we have NO HESITATION IN REPLYING IN THE ARRIRMATIVE...Little is gained by speculating as to the precise point at which such corruptions came in. THEY MAY HAVE BEEN DUE TO THE ORIGINAL WRITER, or to his amanuensis if he wrote from dictation, or they may be due to one of the earliest transcribers.”
Brooke Foss Westcott and Fenton John Anthony Hort, The New Testament in the Original Greek, Introduction and Appendix, New York, NY: Harper and Brothers, 1882, 279-281.
Westcott rejected infallibility.
“I reject the word infallibility of Holy Scriptures overwhelmingly.” (Westcott, The Life and Letters of Brook Foss Westcott, Vol. I, p.207).
Westcott and the Deity of Christ:
"He never speaks of Himself directly as God, but the aim of His revelation was to lead men to see God in Him." (Westcott, The Gospel According to St. John, p. 297).
"(John) does not expressly affirm the identification of the Word with Jesus Christ." (Westcott, Ibid., p. 16).
Westcott’s view of Creation.
"No one now, I suppose, holds that the first three chapters of Genesis, for example, give a literal history. I could never understand how anyone reading them with open eyes could think they did."
Westcott’s view of miracles.
"I never read an account of a miracle but I seem instinctively to feel its improbability, and discover somewhat of evidence in the account of it."
Hort thinks Evangelicals are Perverted.
Hort writes to Rev. Rowland Williams, October 21, 1858, "Further I agree with them [Authors of "Essays and Reviews"] in condemning many leading specific doctrines of the popular theology ... EVANGELICALS SEEM TO ME PERVERTED RATHER THAN UNTRUE. There are, I fear, still more serious differences between us on the subject of authority, and especially the authority of the Bible." (Hort, The Life and Letters of Fenton John Anthony Hort, Vol. I, p.400)
Hort also rejected infallibility of the Bible.
"If you make a decided conviction of the absolute infallibility of the N.T. practically a sine qua non for co-operation, I fear I could not join you."
Hort liked Charles Darwin.
“Have you read Darwin? How I should like to talk with you about it! In spite of difficulties, I am inclined to think it unanswerable. In any case it is a treat to read such a book.”
“But the book which has most engaged me is Darwin. Whatever may be thought of it, it is a book that one is proud to be contemporary with … My feeling is strong that the theory is unanswerable. If so, it opens up a new period.”
Hort’s view of Adam’s fall.
I am inclined to think that no such state as Eden (I mean the popular notion) ever existed, and that Adams fall in no degree differed from the fall of each of his descendants, as Coleridge justly argues.
Hort view on the Atonement and a ransom paid to Satan.
"The popular doctrine of substitution is an immoral and material counterfeit...nothing can be more unscriptural than the the limiting of Christ's bearing our sins and sufferings to His death; but indeed that is only one aspect of an almost universal heresy." (Hort to Westcott, Life and Letters, Vol. I, p. 430)
Westcott and Hort and the Roman Catholic Church.
"I wish I could see to what forgotten truth Mariolatry (the worship of the Virgin Mary) bears witness." (Westcott)
"I have been persuaded for many years that Mary-Worship and Jesus-Worship have very much in common." (Hort, Life and Letters, Volume II, pp. 49-51)
Hort believed in Baptismal Regeneration.
"...at the same time in language stating that we maintain 'Baptismal Regeneration' as the most important of doctrines ... the pure 'Romish' view seems to me nearer, and more likely to lead to, the truth than the Evangelical." (Hort, Life and Letters, Vol. I, p. 77)
Hort’s hatred for American democracy and his views about the “races”.
Hort asserts in a letter to Rev. Westcott dated April 28, 1865: "...I dare not prophesy about America, but I cannot say that I see much as yet to soften my deep hatred of democracy in all its forms."
"I care more for England and for Europe than for America, how much more than for all the niggers in the world! And I contend that the highest morality requires me to do so.”
As yet everywhere (not in slavery only) they have surely shown themselves only as an immeasurably inferior race, just human and no more, their religion frothy and sensuous, their highest virtues, those of a good Newfoundland dog."
See - Is James White right about Westcott and Hort and the modern "Vatican Versions"?
Are the modern versions like the ESV, NIV, NASB, NET, Holman Standard etc. still based on the Westcott and Hort Revised Greek critical Text?
The short answer is an absolute and unequivocal Yes, they are. And here is the proof.
Jesuit Cardinal Carlos Martini
Do you know why the UBS (United Bible Society) Greek texts are the basis for versions like the constantly changing ESVs, NASBs, NIVs, NET, Jehovah Witness NWT and the modern Catholic versions? It's because Catholics and Evangelicals were united to produce this text. One of the 5 chief editors was the New Age Jesuit Cardinal Carlos Martini, who believed that god was in all men and in all religions.
Just open a copy of the UBS or the Nestle-Aland Critical Greek text and turn to the first page. There you will see 5 chief editors. The 4th name on the list, right before the inerrancy denying Bruce Metzger, is Carlo M. Martini.
In his book “In the Thick of His Ministry” Cardinal Martini writes:
“The deification which is the aim of all religious life takes place. During a recent trip to India I was struck by the yearning for the divine that pervades the whole of Hindu culture. It gives rise to extraordinary religious forms and extremely meaningful prayers. I wondered: What is authentic in this longing to fuse with the divine dominating the spirituality of hundreds of millions of human beings, so that they bear hardship, privation, exhausting pilgrimages, in search of this ecstasy?" (In The Thick Of His Ministry, Carlo M. Martini, page 42.)
The Jesuit Cardinal Martini served on the editorial committee for the United Bible Societies' 2nd, 3rd and 4th editions, and he is still listed on the opening page of the latest Nestle-Aland 28th edition critical text.
These are what most modern Christians are using today when they pick up the ESV, NIV, NASB, NET or modern Catholic "bibles".
Undeniable Proof the ESV, LSB, NIV, NASB, Holman Standard, NET, Jehovah Witness NWT etc. are the new "Vatican Versions"
This shows some of the real textual differences between the Reformation Bibles like the King James Bible and the modern Vatican Versions.
The ESV, NIV, NASB, Jehovah Witness NWT are the new "Vatican Versions" PART TWO
Bruce Metzger (1914-2007) was the chief editor of the United Bible Societies' Greek New Testament, which is the ever-changing Greek text (now in its 4th edition) that is nearly identical textually to the Nestle-Aland Greek text (now in its 27th edition) that underlies most modern versions like the NASB, NIV, ESV and Holman Standard Bible.
He was George L. Collord Professor of New Testament Language and Literature Emeritus at Princeton Theological Seminary where he served for forty-six years before retiring in 1984, and served on the board of the American Bible Society.
The basic textual handbook of textual criticism, which is followed by all those behind such modern versions as the NASB, NIV, RSV, ESV, NET and Holman Christian Standard Version, is called The Text of the New Testament, it's Transmission, Corruption and Restoration. Guess who is the co-author along with Bruce Metzger. You got it! It's Bart Ehrman.
Mr. Metzger was the chairman for the Reader's Digest Condensed Bible, which removed 40% of the Bible text, including the warning of Revelation 22:18-19. The Preface claims: "Dr. Metzger was actively involved at every stage of the work, from the initial studies on each of the sixty-six books through all the subsequent editorial reviews. The finished condensation has received his full approval."
Mr. Metzger wrote the introductions to each of the books of the Reader's Digest Bible, and questions the authorship, traditional date, and supernatural inspiration of books penned by Moses, Daniel, Peter and Paul. Bruce Metzger also co-edited the New Oxford Annotated Bible RSV (1973), which contains many introductory notes for each book of the Bible.
These notes tell us the Old Testament "story" was written "out of A MATRIX OF MYTH, LEGEND, and history...Archaeological evidence suggests that traditions of a prehistoric flood covering the whole earth are HEIGHTENED VERSIONS OF LOCAL INUNDATIONS. ...The book of Job is described as an “ANCIENT FOLKTALE". The notes also inform us that the book of Jonah "has taken older material from the realm of POPULAR LEGEND."
Among the notes from "How to Read the Bible With Understanding", we find: "The opening chapters of the Old Testament deal with human origins. They ARE NOT TO BE READ AS HISTORY... These chapters are followed by the stories of the patriarchs, which preserve ancient traditions now known to reflect the conditions of the times of which they tell, though THEY CANNOT BE TREATED AS STRICTLY HISTORICAL ... the stories of Elijah and Elisha THERE ARE LEGENDARY ELEMENTS ..Legend should be read as legend, and poetry as poetry, and not with a dull prosaic and literalistic mind."
Keep in mind that if you are a modern, multiple-choice, Bible of the Month Club promoter, who thinks such conflicting versions as the NASB, NIV, ESV, NKJV, Holman Standard, etc. are "better and more reliable" than the King James Holy Bible, then you have fallen into the trap of men who do not believe The Bible, in any language, including "the original languages", IS NOW the inspired, complete, and 100% true words of God.
You will end up believing just as they do. I'm not saying you will become an agnostic like Bart Ehrman, but you will not believe that any Bible in any language IS NOW the inerrant words of God. Guaranteed. It will not fail to happen.
ALL of grace, believing the Book - the King James Holy Bible.
Reasons Why The King James Bible Is The Absolute Standard - God's Historic Witness to the Truth.
Fake Bible Versions DO teach and pervert several biblical doctrines, and the infallibility of the Bible (any bible in any language) is a huge doctrine that most Christians do not believe anymore.
IF the modern versionist actually BELIEVES what his fake bibles teach, then he does believe in false doctrines and has erred from the truth.
Here are about 40 concrete examples of the falsehoods taught by these fake bible versions.
Examples - God can be deceived by men (NASB, NET), Man can speed up the coming of the day of God (NIV, ESV), Pride and Boasting are Christian virtues (ESV, NASB, NIV, NKJV), Satan controls the world (NIV), ghosts exist (NKJV, NIV, NASB, ESV) and There are different races of men and some races are inferior to others (NASB, NIV)
“For ye have perverted the words of the living God, of the LORD of hosts our God.” Jeremiah 23:36
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