The Bible Babble Buffet in the Book of Isaiah - a Verse Comparison Study
An Ongoing Comparative Study of the Various Versions in the Book of Isaiah
There are literally hundreds of examples of how the New KJV and other modern versions have changed the meaning of the Scriptures as found in the King James Bible. One of these hundreds of examples is found in Isaiah 66:5.
There we read: "Hear the word of the LORD, ye that tremble at his word; Your brethren that hated you, that cast you out for my name's sake, said, Let the LORD be glorified: BUT HE SHALL APPEAR TO YOUR JOY, and they shall be ashamed."
Also reading this way are the Great Bible 1540, the Bishops' Bible 1568 "but you shall see him in joy", the Geneva Bible of 1587 - "but he shall appear to your joy", The Thomson Translation 1808, Daniel Webster's Bible 1833, The Lesser Old Testament 1835, The Longman Version 1841, The Boothroyd Bible 1853, The Smith Bible 1876, Rotherham's Emphasized Bible of 1902, Green's interlinear translation 1985, the Jewish translation of the Hebrew Publishing Company 1936, The Word of Yah Bible 1993, the KJV 21st Century Version 1994, the Third Millennium Bible 1998, Green's literal 2005, The Revised Geneva Bible 2005, The Jubilee Bible 2010, The Hebrew Transliteration Scripture 2010, The Bond Slave Version 2012 and The Biblos Bible 2013 - "but he shall appear to your joy."
And this online Hebrew Interlinear - "but he shall appear to your joy"
Foreign Language Bibies = KJB
"But he shall appear to your joy"
So too read the Spanish Reina Valera of 1569 (42 years before the KJB), the Spanish Cipriano de Valera 1602 - "Mas él se mostrará con alegría vuestra, y ellos serán confundidos.", Reina Valera 1909 and 1960, Reina Valera Gómez Bible 2010, the Italian Diodati 1649 - "Certo egli apparirà in vostra letizia" and the Romanian Fidela Bible 2014 - "Să e DOMNUL glori cat şi el se va arăta spre bucuria voastră"
And The Modern Greek Bible - πλην αυτος θελει φανη εις χαραν σας, εκεινοι δε θελουσι καταισχυνθη. = but HE WILL APPEAR TO YOUR JOY, and they shall be ashamed.
However a host of modern versions, including the NKJV, give a very different message. The NKJV says along with the NIV, NASB, RSV, NRSV, ESV: "Who cast you out for my name's sake, said, 'Let the LORD be glorified, THAT WE MAY SEE YOUR JOY'. But they shall be ashamed."
What happened to the second coming of the Lord Jesus Christ?
Dan Wallace and company's NET version also reads: "May the
Well, the meaning is VERY clear in the King James Bible.
So, is the true reading "But He shall appear to your joy" or "That We may see your joy"?
The verb used here is # 7200 variously translated as "to see, to appear, to provide". It is a very common verb, but this particular instance is what is called a Niphal participle. It is only found three times in this particular form and the other two both refer to God or the Lord. Genesis 12:7 "the LORD who appeared unto him"; Genesis 35:1 "God that appeared unto thee", and here in Isaiah 66:5 "but he shall appear to your joy."
Here is how several Bible commentators explain the obvious meaning as found in the King James Bible.
John Calvin - "But he will be seen to your joy. As if he had said, “God, by his coming, will cause believers to know that they have not hoped in vain; for he will appear for the advantage of believers, and for the destruction of those who maintain that he will appear as the defender of wickedness, of which he will be the severe avenger. The former shall enjoy gladness and consolation, while the latter shall be ashamed and shall blush, for they shall quickly feel that the judgment of God, which they now laugh at, is at hand.”
Matthew Henry - " And those that did this said, Let the Lord be glorified; they pretended conscience and a zeal for the honour of God and the church in it, and did it with all the formalities of devotion. How they were encouraged under these persecutions: "Let your faith and patience hold out yet a little while; your enemies hate you and oppress you, your brethren hate you and cast you out, but your Father in heaven loves you, and will appear for you when no one else will or dare. His providence shall order things so as shall be for comfort to you; he shall appear for your joy and for the confusion of those that abuse you and trample on you; they shall be ashamed of their enmity to you.’’
Jamieson, Fausset and Brown - They cast you out for my name's sake--excommunicate, as if too polluted to worship with them So in Christ's first sojourn on earth . So it shall be again in the last times, when the believing shall be few (Luke 18:8). Let the Lord be glorified--the mocking challenge of the persecutors, as if their violence towards you was from zeal for God. "He shall appear to your joy," --giving you "joy" instead of your "rebuke"
Geneva Bible study notes:"but he shall appear to your joy, and they shall be ashamed. He encourages the faithful by promising to destroy their enemies, who pretended to be as brethren, but were hypocrites, and hated them that feared God."
Albert Barnes Notes on the Whole Bible - Isaiah 66:5 - "But he shall appear to your joy - The sense is, that God would manifest himself to his people as their vindicator, and would ultimately rescue them from their persecuting foes. If this is applied to Christians, it means that the cause in which they were engaged would triumph. This has been the case in all persecutions. The effect has always been the permanent triumph and establishment of the cause that was persecuted."
John Gill - "but he shall appear to your joy, and they shall be ashamed: "...this may respect the second coming, the glorious appearance of Christ, which will be to the joy of those believing Jews, and of all his people; since he will appear to their salvation, and they shall appear with him in glory, and see him as he is, Hebrews 9:28, and to the shame, confusion, and destruction of those that have pierced him, despised and rejected him, and persecuted his people, Revelation 1:7."
Matthew Poole's Annotation on the Whole Bible - "But he shall appear to your joy, and they shall be ashamed; there will come a day when God shall appear and let them know his judgment concerning their violence and rage, then you shall have joy, and they shall be ashamed, 1 Thessalonians 4:16-18."
I personally believe this verse has a great deal of application to the Bible version issue so vehemently being fought today. There are two camps in this battle. We who believe God has in fact kept His promises to preserve His pure, inspired words and He has done this in the King James Bible for the last 400 years.
And those who profess to believe the Bible is the inspired word of God, but when closely examined, will tell you the "originals" have been lost, No Bible is 100% correct, All translations are faulty, The correct reading should be..., Here there is a mistake, etc.
The battle lines are clearly drawn and you cannot sit on the fence. By the grace of God, may we be among those who tremble at His word. We have God's promise that He will appear to our joy, and they shall be ashamed.
Isaiah chapter two
In Isaiah 2:9, God is rebuking his people for having turned away from Him. In verse 8 and 9 He says: "Their land is full of idols; they worship the work of their own hands, that which their own fingers have made; And the mean man (lowly or common) BOWETH DOWN, and the great man HUMBLETH HIMSELF: THEREFORE forgive them not."
This is the reading of the Jewish translation of 1917, the NKJV, Geneva Bible and others.
The whole of the people, from the least to the greatest were bowing down and humbling themselves before IDOLS. That is why God would not pardon them, but was going to deliver them to judgment.
Even Bible commentators who frequently "correct" the KJB, like Matthew Henry, Jamison, Faucett and Brown, and Wesley in his notes all agree that the meaning of verse 9 is that these people were bowing down and humbling themselves before IDOLS and THEREFORE God would not forgive them.
There is even a play on words here. As these men had bowed down and humbled themselves before these idols, so God would humble and bow them down in judgment. In verse 11 we read: "The lofty looks of man shall be humbled, and the haughtiness of men shall be bowed down, and the LORD alone shall be exalted in that day."
Just as God reproves those who make false gods and graven images and pray unto them in Isaiah 44:17-20. There in v. 19 we read: "And none considereth in his heart, neither is there knowledge nor understanding to say, I have burned part of it in the fire; yea, also I have baked bread upon the coals thereof; I have roasted flesh, and eaten it: and shall I make the residue thereof an abomination? SHALL I FALL DOWN TO THE STOCK OF A TREE?"
But look at how this verse reads in the NASB. "Their land has also been filled with idols; They worship the work of their hands, That which their fingers have made. So the common man HAS BEEN HUMBLED, And the man of importance HAS BEEN ABASED, BUT do not forgive them."
The NASB reads as though the men had been humbled by God, but he prays that in spite of being humbled they will not be forgiven
The NIV is different with its "So man WILL BE BROUGHT LOW and mankind HUMBLED - do not forgive them." The NIV eems to be saying that God will only bring them low through judgment and not forgive them.
Isaiah 2:16 "pleasant pictures" or "all the beautiful sloops" or "desirable banners"? Huh?
There is another significant change of meaning found in Isaiah 2:16. The passage starts off in verse 12 "For the day of the LORD of hosts shall be upon every one that is proud and lofty, and upon every one that is lifted up; and he shall be brought low" and continues through verse 16. There we read: "And upon the ships of Tarshish, and upon all PLEASANT PICTURES."
These pictures could have been works of art or portrayals of their false gods. Pleasant PICTURES is also the reading of the Bishops' Bible 1568, the Geneva Bible 1587, Webster's Bible 1833, The Longman Version 1841, The Jewish Family Bible 1864, the 1936 Hebrew Publishing Company bible, Young's "literal" 1898, The Word of Yah Bible 1993, The Revised Geneva Bible 2005, The Jubilee Bible 2010, The Hebrew Transliteration Scriptures 2010, The Bond Slave Version 2012, the Biblos Bible 2013 - "and upon all PLEASANT PICTURES."
Foreign Language Bibles = KJB
The Spanish Sagradas Escrituras 1569, the Spanish Cipriano de Valera Bible 1602, the Spanish Reina Valera 1960 - "PINTURAS PRECIADAS" the Portuguese Almeida Corrigida 2009 - "e contra today as PINTURAS desejaveis", The French Martin Bible 1744 - "toutes les PEINTURES DE PLEASANCE."
The Revised Version of 1881, the ASV of 1901, The Ancient Hebrew Bible 1907, the 1917 Jewish translation, World English Bible 2000, The Yah Sacred Scriptures 2001, the New Heart English bible 2003, The New European Version 2010 and Hebrew Names Bible all read similarly with "all pleasant IMAGERY".
The Boothroyd Bible 1853 has "every DESIRABLE WORK OF ART."
and the Third Millennium Bible and the KJV 21 have "all pleasant SIGHTS"
Darby's translation 1890 says "all PLEASANT WORKS OF ART"
while the Catholic Douay of 1950 says: "all that is fair to behold".
However to muddy up the waters, the NKJV reads: "all THE beautiful SLOOPS",
the Jehovah Witness NWT says "all desirable BOATS",
the NIV has "EVERY STATELY VESSEL",
while the NASB and ESV say: "all the beautiful CRAFT".
The Judaica Press Tanach has "and over ALL COVETED FLOORS." - (Yeah, that's pretty close, huh? :-)
Rotherham's Emphasized bible 1902 has "all DESIRABLE BANNERS"
And the Smith Bible 1876 has "and upon all THE FLAGS OF DESIRE." (Huh?!)
By slightly twisting a verse or adding a little something extra, a whole different meaning results from what God has said. Much like the subtle serpent in the garden did with Eve.
Two such examples are found in the NKJV. In Isaiah 1:17 the Lord says through the prophet: "Learn to do well; seek judgment, RELIEVE THE OPPRESSED, judge the fatherless, plead for the widow."
RELIEVE THE OPPRESSED is the reading or meaning of the 1917, 1936 Jewish translations, the ASV (predecessor to the nasb), Revised Version, Darby, Douay, Young, Spanish, Hebrew Names Version and even the NIV plus others.
However both the NKJV and NASB instead of "relieve the oppressed" have "REPROVE THE OPPRESSOR".
In the last verse of chapter two the Lord says: "Cease ye from MAN, whose breath is in his nostrils; for wherein is he to be accounted of?
This is obviously speaking about man in general, or all men. The KJB reading is also the same in all the versions I checked out, including the NIV and NASB But only the NKJV just by adding a little something extra, has changed the meaning of the verse.The NKJV says: "Sever yourselves from SUCH A MAN, whose breath is in his nostrils."
There is no word for SUCH A man in any Hebrew text, and the whole context of Isaiah 2 is speaking about men in general and no specific man or kind of man is mentioned. The NKJV's rendering supposes that there are, however, some men in whom we should trust. Those that are not like "such" a man.
No, God is telling us not to trust in man at all, but rather in Himself. Every man's breath is in his nostrils. I do not know of anyone who does not fit this description, do you?
Isaiah 4 and 5
I am frequently amazed by the "errors in the King James Bible" that some people bring up. I have heard and seen this one several times, so I will take a moment to address it. The critics say the word Defence in Isaiah 4:5 is an error and should be Canopy or Covering.
Hebrew words have multiple meanings and all versions will render the same word in many different ways depending upon the context.
In Isaiah 4: 5-6 we read in the KJB: "And the LORD will create upon every dwelling place of mount Zion, and upon her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night : for upon all the glory shall be a DEFENCE. And there shall be a tabernacle for a shadow in the daytime from the heat, and for a place of refuge, and for a covert from storm and from rain."
God is here speaking of the restoration of Israel in the last days, and He parallels a similar time to their deliverance from Egypt with the cloud by day and the pillar of fire by night.
In Exodus 14:19 we read: "And the angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them; And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel...so that the one came not near the other all the night."
This covering would obviously be a defense from their enemies and a covert and place of refuge. Other versions, both old and new also render this word here as DEFENSE, including the Geneva Bible of 1599, Daniel Webster's 1833 translation, the Third Millenium Bible and the KJV 21st Century version.
Young's has A Safeguard, Douay version has Protection, the Latin says Protectio, and Today's English version includes both ideas with "to Cover and Protect".
The NASB/NIV have CANOPY, while the NKJV, ASV have a Covering. The word comes from the verb to cover or overlay, and obviously if something is covering our heads then it is defending us against the elements.
In Isaiah 5:2 we read of the vineyard and it says: "My well beloved hath a vineyard in a very fruitful hill: And he FENCED IT, and gathered out the stones thereof..." He Fenced it is the reading of Youngs, Geneva, KJV 21, Webster's, Third Millenium Bible, Douay, 1936 Jewish translation, the Spanish Reina Valera and the Italian Diodati.
However the NKJV, joins the NIV/NASB and instead of He Fenced it, says He DUG IT UP and cleared out its stones. Not the same meaning, is it?
Isaiah 5:5 God judges this vineyard and says: "I will take away the hedge thereof, and it shall be EATEN UP." News flash. If you tear down an hedge goats and other animals will eat it.
Eaten up is the reading of the NIV, ASV, Revised Version, Geneva, Darby and others. Even the RSV and NRSV say Devoured and the NASB has Consumed. But the NKJV says the hedge "shall BE BURNED", not "eaten up".
The NIV is notorious for departing from the Hebrew text, and the NASB is not far behind it, but it is amazing to see just how many modern Bible of the Month Club versions are following suite in rejecting the Masoretic text and following something else, and they usually don't tell you about it.
Case in point is Isaiah 5:17. God is bringing judgment upon his people and they will go into captivity. We know that God in fact did this, and the king of Babylon brought people from other lands to dwell in the land of Israel. This is how the Samaritans came to dwell in the land of Israel, as we read in the Scriptures.
Isaiah 5:17 says: "Then shall the lambs feed after their manner, and the waste places of the fat ones SHALL STRANGERS eat."
Strangers, foreigners or its equivalent is the reading found in the Bishops' Bible 1568, the Geneva Bible 1587, Douay-Rheims 1610, Jewish translations of 1917 JPS, 1936 Hebrew Publishing Company, Complete Jewish Bible, Orthodox Jewish Bible of 2011, the Revised Version 1881, ASV 1901, NASB 1995, Rotherham's Emphasized Bible 1902, Young's, Hebrew Names Bible, Darby, Douay 1950, Holman Standard 2003 "strangers will eat", the NKJV 1982, the Third Millenium Bible 1998, Names of God Bible 2011, Knox Bible 2012, The Voice of 2012. This is clearly what the Hebrew texts say and it is not all that hard to understand.
Foreign language Bibles that also read "shall STRANGERS EAT" are the Italian Diodati 1649, Nuova Diodati 1991 and Riveduta of 2006 - "gli stranieri divoreranno", the French Ostervald 1996 and French Louis Segond of 2006 - "et des étrangers dévoreron", the Portuguese A Biblia Sagrada em Portugués and the Almeida Corrigida E Fiel 1681 - "e os estranhos comerão", the Spanish Sagradas Escrituras 1569, the Spanish Reina Valera 1960, 1995, R.V. Gómez 2010 - "y los extranjeros devorarán" and the Modern Greek Bible - "και ξενοι θελουσι φαγε"
However the NIV again departs from the Hebrew text and follows the RSV and says instead: "The sheep will graze as in their own pasture, LAMBS will feed AMONG THE RUINS OF THE RICH." The NIV even tells you in their footnote that the Septuagint reads LAMBS, but that the Hebrew reads STRANGERS WILL EAT. The Dead Sea Scrolls also read "and strangers shall eat".
Actually, the NIV footnote is very misleading and inaccurate. They claim their reading of "LAMBS WILL FEED among the ruins of the rich" comes from the so called Greek Septuagint. But in fact the corrupted Greek Septuagint here reads nothing at all like the Hebrew text nor the NIV. Instead of reading "Then shall the lambs feed after their manner, and the waste places of the fat ones shall strangers eat." (KJB) or even the NIV's "Then sheep will graze as in their own pasture; lambs will feed among the ruins of the rich." The LXX actually says: "And THEY THAT WERE SPOILED SHALL BE FED AS BULLS, and lambs shall feed on the waste places OF THEM THAT ARE TAKEN AWAY." The NIV editors simply omitted the clear Hebrew reading of "strangers shall eat" and picked out one word from the corrupt LXX and ignored the rest of the errant LXX reading for this verse. And they call this type of shenanigan "scholarship"!
The surprising thing here is just how many modern bible versions go along with the NIV, RSV and NRSV and reject the Hebrew text. Also reading LAMBS are Today's English Version, the Message, the Living Bible and New Living Bible, the Bible in Basic English, the New English bible 1970 and the New Century Bible. The Lexham bible of 2011 has "KIDS will eat" and the 2011 Common English Bible says "GOATS will eat", but then footnote that the Hebrew reads "STRANGERS", just as the KJB has it.
Daniel Wallace and company's silly NET version says: "Lambs will graze as if in their pastures, amid the ruins THE RICH SOJOURNERS WILL GRAZE." Do rich sojourners "graze"? Even Wallace's footnote mentions that the Hebrew literally reads "eat".
The ESV makes an attempt to return to the Hebrew reading by saying: "Then shall the lambs graze as in their pasture and NOMADS shall eat among the ruins of the rich."
The 1989 Revised English Bible with the Apocrypha seems to just make up their own text by adding several words not found in ANY text at all by saying: "Lambs will feed where FAT BULLOCKS once pastured, YOUNG GOATS will graze broad ACRES where CATTLE grew fat." Obviously none of these last three modern versions agree with each other in meaning.
It is also curious is to see what the successive Catholic versions have done. The Catholic Douay-Rheims of 1610 and the Douay of 1950 both say "STRANGERS shall eat", just like the KJB, but the St. Joseph New American bible of 1970 completely omits all of verse 17. It has verse 16, then it skips verse 17 entirely and the next one is verse 18. The Jerusalem bible of 1969 has: "Lambs will graze as at pasture, FATLINGS AND KIDS BROWSE IN THE RUINS." In this version the animals aren't even eating but are "BROWSING in the ruins." But then the 1985 New Jerusalem then changed it to read: "And the fields laid waste by the fat cattle will feed the KIDS." Then they footnote that "kids" comes from the Greek but the Hebrew reads "foreigners". And the latest Catholic Public Domain Version of 2009 has changed the meaning once again and it now reads: "and NEW ARRIVALS will eat from the deserts turned into fertile lands." Like James White suggests, we should compare all the versions to get a sense of what God REALLY said, right?
One last change in meaning is noted in 5:25. There we read of God's judgments "Therefore is the anger of the LORD kindled against his people, and he hath stretched forth his hand against them, and hath smitten them: and the hills did tremble, and their carcases WERE TORN in the midst of the streets."
This particular word is used only one time, but other versions that render it as TORN are the Geneva Bible, the KJB 21, Webster's 1833 translation, the Spanish Reina Valera and the Third Millenium Bible.
It may refer to their being torn by dogs as God had threatened in Jeremiah 15:3 "And I will appoint over them four kinds, saith the LORD: the sword to slay, the dogs to tear, and the fowls of the heaven, and the beasts of the earth, to devour and destroy."
However the NKJV again joins the NASB/NIV and says "their carcases were AS REFUSE".
Isaiah 6:5 KJB, Geneva bible, RV 1881, ASV 1901, JPS 1917, NKJV 1982 - "Then said I, Woe is me! for I am UNDONE; because I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips: for mine eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts."
To be "undone" means "to be ruined by a disastrous or devastating setback or reverse." The prophet Isaiah now saw himself as being a spiritual wreck and unclean, because he had seen the Lord of glory. But it does not mean that he was "lost" or "doomed" or "destroyed", or that he had "been silent".
ESV, RSV, NRSV - "And I said: Woe is me! For I am LOST; for I am a man of unclean lips, and I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips; for my eyes have seen the King, the LORD of hosts!"
Catholic St. Joseph NAB 1970 - "Then I said, Woe is me, I AM DOOMED!"
Catholic Jerusalem bible 1968 "I said, "What a wretched state I am in! I AM LOST, for I am a man of unclean lips"
Catholic New Jerusalem bible 1985 - "Then I said, Woe is me! I AM LOST, for I am a man of unclean lips"
Young's "literal" (hah) - "And I say, Wo to me, for I HAVE BEEN SILENT."
Catholic Douay-Rheims 1610, Douay 1950 - "And I said, Woe is me, because I HAVE HELD MY PEACE."
NIV, NASB, Holman - "Woe to me! I cried. "I am RUINED!"
NET version - I said, "Too bad for me! I AM DESTROYED, for my lips are contaminated..."
Isaiah 7:14 - a virgin or "a young woman"? Dan Wallace's NET version = the liberal RSV
KJB - "Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign; Behold, A VIRGIN shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel."
Matthew 1:22-23 - "Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Behold, A VIRGIN shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us."
Daniel Wallace's NET version O.T. prophesy in Isaiah 7:14 is just like the liberal RSV - instead of a virgin Wallace's NET reads this way: "7:14 For this reason the sovereign master himself will give you a confirming sign. Look, this YOUNG WOMAN is about to conceive and will give birth to a son. You, YOUNG WOMAN, will name him Immanuel."
Try to defend this blunder as you will, but the word "virgin" is correct. Just read the New Testament Matthew 1:22-23 "Now all this was done, THAT IT MIGHT BE FULFILLED WHICH WAS SPOKEN OF THE LORD BY THE PROPHET, saying, Behold, A VIRGIN shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is, God with us."
The Hebrew word in Isaiah 7:14 - almah - was always a young woman who was a virgin. Matthew 1:23 says this is what was written by the prophet Isaiah. The Hebrew word almah is found only 7 times in the Hebrew O.T., and every time it is used, the context is speaking about a young woman who was not married and was in the Jewish culture, a virgin. The KJB translates this single Hebrew word as virgin 4 times, damsel once and maid twice. (See Genesis 24:43, Exodus 2:8, Psalm 68:25, Proverbs 30:19, Song of Solomon 1:3; 6:8 and Isaiah 7:14)
We can clearly see the full meaning of this word by the way God uses it the first time it is found - in Genesis 24:43. In this chapter Abraham sends out his unnamed servant to seek a wife for his son Isaac. The whole chapter is a spiritual "type" or picture of God the Father sending the Holy Ghost to seek out a bride (the church) for His Son. The servant rehearses his previous prayer to God in verses 42-44 where he says: "And I came this day unto the well, and said, O LORD God of my master Abraham, if now thou do prosper my way which I go: Behold I stand by the well of water; and it shall come to pass, that when THE VIRGIN (almah) cometh forth to draw water, and I say unto her, Give me, I pray thee, a little water of thy pitcher to drink; And she say to me, Both drink thou, and I will also draw for thy camels: LET THE SAME BE THE WOMAN WHOM THE LORD HATH APPOINTED OUT FOR MY MASTER'S SON."
When the servant first sees the future wife of Isaac, Rebekah, this is how she is described in verses 15-16 of this same chapter. "And it came to pass, before he had done speaking, (his prayer to God) that, behold, Rebekah came out...with her pitcher upon her shoulder. And the damsel was very fair to look upon, A VIRGIN (Bethulah), NEITHER HAD ANY MAN KNOWN HER; and she went down to the well, and filled her pitcher, and came up." In every case recorded in the Bible, a young woman called almah was also a virgin.
Bible translations that correctly have "VIRGIN" in the Isaiah 7:14 passage are the Latin Vulgate, Wycliffe 1395, Coverdale 1535, Bishops' bible 1568, the Geneva Bible 1599, Douay-Rheims 1610, the KJB 1611, the Bill Bible 1671, the Thomson Bible 1808, the Revised Version 1885, Darby 1890, Young's 1898, the ASV 1901, Rotherham's Emphasized bible 1902, Lamsa's 1936 translation of the Syriac, the Modern Greek translation, The Word of Yah 1993, the NASB 1995, NKJV 1982, The Sacred Scriptures Family of Yah 2001, NIV 2011, the Apostolic Bible Polyglot Greek 2003, A Conservative Version 2005, the Complete Apostle's Bible 2005, the New Heart English Bible 2010, the New European Version 2010, the ESV 2011, The Interlinear Hebrew-Greek Scriptures 2012 (Mebust), The World English Bible 2012, the Lexham English Bible 2012, the World English Bible 2012,
And this Online Interlinear Hebrew Old Testament - "a virgin will bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel"
It was the liberal RSV that first translated it as "a young woman", but now even the revision of the revision of the revision - the ESV - has gone back to reading "virgin".
Many Jewish versions translate this verse as "Behold, A YOUNG WOMAN (or, A MAIDEN) will have a son, and shall call his name Immanuel." But this is not much of a sign, is it? It happens every day.
Perhaps the worst of the lot is one called the Ancient Roots Translinear Bible 2009. It actually says: "So the Lord Himself will give you a sign. Behold, A PREGNANT ADOLESCENT-GIRL will beget a son, and call his name Immanuel."
Among foreign language translations that have "virgin" in Isaiah 7:14 are the Spanish Reina Valera, the Portuguese Almeida, the Russian Synodal, the Italian Diodati, the French Martin and Ostervald, and Luther's German bible, to name but a few.
The NET version is an ongoing Train Wreck and a perversion of God's true words. If you follow it and use it you are a Bible agnostic first class.
The New KJV has changed far more than just Thee and Ye. There are at least 100,000 word changes in the NKJV as compared to the KJB, and this is besides the Thee and Ye words. The meaning has been drastically altered in literally hundreds of verses.
Many words in Hebrew, Greek or English can have multiple meanings depending on the context. That is not the issue here. What is at issue are the hundreds of deliberate changes in meaning made in the NKJV, all the while claiming to be faithful to the KJB texts.
In Isaiah 7:15 and 22 we are told: "BUTTER and honey shall he eat" and "for the abundance of milk that they shall give he shall eat BUTTER: for BUTTER and honey shall every one eat that is left in the land."
This word is # 2529 and is found 9 times in the O. T. All nine times are translated as Butter in the KJB. The reading of BUTTER here is also found in the Revised Version, the American Standard Version, Young's, the Spanish versions, the Geneva Bible, Darby's and the 1936 Jewish translation plus many others.
However the NKJV joins the NASB/NIV here and has CURDS three times instead of butter. Curds are coagulated milk. Yet this same NKJV translated the exact same word as Butter in Genesis 18:8 and Proverbs 30:33 "the churning of milk bringeth forth Butter.
Then the NKJV translated this same word as CREAM in Judges 5:25 and Job 20:17. Likewise the NASB has Butter twice but Curds for the rest, and the NIV renders this same word in four different ways, as "Butter, Curds, Cream and Curdled Milk".
In verse 19 the Lord brings judgment upon his people by using foreign nations and likens them unto a fly and a bee. "And they shall come, and shall rest all of them in the desolate valleys, and in the holes of the rocks, and upon all thorns, and upon ALL BUSHES."
Bushes or Brambles is the reading of the Jewish translations of 1917, 1936, the Geneva Bible, the Spanish versions, the ASV footnote, Third Millenium Bible, Webster's translation and the KJV 21. One would expect Flies and Bees to rest in such places.
However the NKJV says PASTURES, the NIV says WATER HOLES, Young's "literal" has "upon all the commendable things" !, and the New English Bible says: "and STINKWOOD shall be black with them."
See how true James White's words are about comparing different versions to get a better sense of what the passage means. I'm just an average guy and even I know that Bushes, Watering hole, Pastures, Commendable things and Stinkwood are not the same things.
The NKJV changes the meaning in 8:2. God spoke to Isaiah in verse one and told him to take a great roll and "write in it with a man's pen concerning Mahershalalhashbaz". This is a prophecy concerning the destruction of Damascus and Samaria.
In verse 2 Isaiah says; "AND I TOOK UNTO ME faithful witnesses to record, Uriah the priest, and Zechariah the son of Jeberechiah." Isaiah himself got two witnesses, (in the mouth of two or three witnesses shall every word be established) when he wrote down this prophecy.
This is the reading again of Darby, Young's, 1936 Jewish translation, Douay, and even the Living Bible, New Living Bible and the Revised Standard Version, plus some others.
However the NKJV has God speaking in verse two instead of Isaiah. It says: "And I will take for Myself faithful witnesses to record..." God will do it instead of Isaiah having done it.
This is essentially the same reading as the NASB and NIV. It is of interest that the RSV reads as the KJB but the New RSV now departs from them all and says: "And have it attested for Me by reliable witnesses." So, who is acting here, Isaiah, God or is God having Isaiah do it for him? Hey, it's all the same "message", right?
A real gem of total confusion comes up in Isaiah 8:9. There God is referring to 7:5-8 where Syria and Ephraim "have taken evil counsel against thee, saying, Let us go up against Judah". Yet God says they shall be broken.
Isaiah 8:9-10 we read: "ASSOCIATE YOURSELVES, O ye people, and ye shall be broken in pieces; and give ear, all ye of far countries: gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces; gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces. Take counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word, and it shall not stand: for God is with us."
Words have multiple meanings, and they change depending on the context. Clearly the surrounding references of "taken evil counsel", "gird yourselves" and "take counsel together" all support the reading of "associate yourselves".
Now this is where things really get interesting. ASSOCIATE YOURSELVES is the reading of the KJB, Websters 1833, The Lesser Bible 1853, The Word of Yah 1993, KJV 21st Century 1994, Third Millennium Bible 1998, Douay 1950, Bond Slave Version 2009, Hebraic Transliteration Scripture 2010, Jubilee Bible 2010, Biblos Interlinear Bible 2011 - "ASSOCIATE, O YOU PEOPLE", Conservative Bible 2011, BRG Bible 2012, and the Spanish versions with "Reuníos".
Coverdale 1535, Matthew's Bible 1549, God's First Truth 1999 - GATHER TOGETHER YE (YOU) PEOPLE
The Work of God's Children Illustrated Bible 2011 - GATHER YOURSELVES TOGETHER, OH PEOPLE
Holman Standard 2009, International Standard Version 2014 - BAND TOGETHER, PEOPLES
The Voice 2010 - GO AHEAD, MAKE YOUR ALLIANCES, YOU PEOPLES
Geneva Bible 1587 - GATHER TOGETHER ON HEAPES
The Latin reads as the KJB with CONGREGAMINI
The NRSV has BAND TOGETHER, which is the same meaning as the KJB.
Young's "literal" - BE FRIENDS
RSV, NASB and the new 2001 English Standard Version have BE BROKEN
NKJV joins the NASB with BE SHATTERED
NIV RAISE THE WAR CRY with a footnote "or 'Do your worst' ".
New English Bible - TAKE NOTE
Revised Version 1885, ASV - MAKE AN UPROAR
New Jerusalem bible - REALIZE THIS
Living Bible - DO YOUR WORST
New Living Bible - DO YOUR BEST TO DEFEND YOURSELVES
Orthodox Jewish Bible 2011 - EXASPERATE YOURSELVES, O ye Amim (Nations)
What is of interest too regarding the NKJV is that while it has BE SHATTERED here instead of Associate yourselves, it has rendered the same Hebrew word as BE FRIENDLY in Proverbs 18:24, but we'll leave that for another time.
Isaiah chapter 9
In discussing almost any verse or individual word of Scripture, once you begin to do a little research into the matter, you will find that there are as many different opinions among scholars as their different last names.
Isaiah 9:3 KJB - "Thou hast multiplied the nation, and NOT increased the joy."
NKJV (ESV, NIV, NASB, NET) - "You have multiplied the nation and increased its joy."
In Isaiah 9:3 we have such a case before us where most of the modern versions, including the NKJV, NIV, ESV and NASB depart from the standard Hebrew Masoretic text.
The Hebrew consonantal text reads “You multiply the nation, you do NOT make great the joy.” The marginal reading has לוֹ (lo, “to him”). Many modern versions have followed the marginal reading instead of the textual reading of the Hebrew text.
In the King James Bible we read: "Thou hast multiplied the nation, and NOT increased the joy."
This is the reading found in the KJB, Wycliffe 1395, Coverdale 1535, the Great Bible 1540 - "Thou hast multyplyed the people, & NOT increased their ioye", Matthew's Bible 1549, the Bishops' Bible 1568, the Geneva Bible of 1599 - "Thou hast multiplied the nation, and NOT increased their ioye", The Bill Bible 1671, Webster's Bible 1833, The Longman Version 1841, The Calvin Version 1856, The Smith Bible 1876 - "and NOT increased the joy", The Revised English Bible 1877, the Douay Version 1950, The Word of Yah 1993, Green's interlinear Hebrew 2000, The KJV 21st Century Version 1994, the Third Millennium Bible 1998, Green's Literal 2005, The Revised Geneva Bible 2005, The Ancient Roots Translinear Bible 2008 - "but the joy never grew", Bond Slave Version 2009, the English Jubilee Bible 2010 "and NOT increased the joy", The Holy Scriptures VW Edition 2010 - "and NOT increased the joy", The New European Version 2010 - "You have multiplied the nation, but You have NOT increased their joy.", The Work of God's Children Illustrated Bible 2011, Biblos Interlinear Bible 2011 - "NOT increased the joy", the BRG Bible 2012, the Lexham English Bible of 2012 - "You have made the nation numerous; you have NOT made the joy great.", The Revised Douay-Rheims Bible 2012, and the Hebraic Roots Bible 2012 - "you have NOT increased its joy".
The Fenton Bible 1966 made it into a question - "have you NOT increased its joy?"
as did God's First Truth 1999 - "Shall you multiply the people, and NOT increase the joy also?"
Foreign language Bibles
Foreign language Bibles that follow the Hebrew Masoretic TEXT and not the marginal reading, and say "and NOT increased the joy" are the Latin Vulgate of 382 A.D. - "multiplicasti gentem non magnificasti laetitiam", Luther's German Bible 1545 - "Du machest der Heiden viel, damit machest du der Freuden nicht viel.", the Spanish Versión Antigua of 1569 and the Spanish Reina Valera of 1602 and the 2004 Reina Valera Gómez Bible - "Aumentando la gente, NO aumentaste la alegría.", the Dutch Staten Vertaling Bible, the Russian Synodal Version 1876 - " Ты умножишь народ, увеличишь радость его. Он будет веселиться пред Тобою" = "NOT increased the joy of it", the Romanian Fidela Bible 2014 - "Tu ai înmulţit naţiunea şi nu ai mărit bucuria" = "you multiplied the nation and NOT increased the joy"
and The Modern Hebrew Bible also reads this way - " הרבית הגוי לא הגדלת השמחה שמחו לפניך כשמחת בקציר כאשר יגילו בחלקם שלל = "NOT increasing happiness"
You can see this Modern Hebrew Bible here.
Take the text to a translation site and you will see that it says "and NOT increased the joy"
The Catholic Connection
The Catholic versions do their usual trick. The older Catholic Douay-Rheims Bible of 1610 followed the Hebrew text and reads as does the KJB saying: "Thou hast multiplied the nation, and hast NOT increased the joy." So too does the 1950 Douay Version.
However in 1968 the Jerusalem bible, and again in the 1970 St. Joseph NAB and the 1985 New Jerusalem bible and the Jehovah Witness New World Translation now read as the other Vatican Versions like the RSV, NRSV, ESV, NIV, NASB and the NKJV and say "you have increased the joy".
But just so you don't get too confident the latest 2009 Catholic Public Domain Version has once again gone back to the Hebrew Masoretic text which reads: "You have increased the nation, but you have NOT increased the rejoicing."
Even Daniel Wallace, of the ever-changing NET version, admits - “The Hebrew consonantal text reads “You multiply the nation, you do NOT make great the joy.” He admits that this is the reading of the Hebrew text, but he says it doesn't make sense to him, (big surprise), and so he prefers the marginal reading instead.
The Spanish Reina Valera 1995 also footnotes that the Hebrew text reads "and NOT increased the joy".
Most other modern day versions, including the Jehovah Witness New World Translation, the NKJV, NIV, ESV, NASB and most modern Catholic versions have all changed this to read: "You have multiplied the nation and increased its joy" - the exact opposite of the KJB.
Dr. Donald Waite Th.D., Ph.D., in his book Defending the King James Bible says "The editors of these new versions...often decide the issue on the basis of pure guesswork! But how do you know their decision is the the correct one? Just leave the Hebrew text as it is. The King James translators came along and saw what the Hebrew Masoretic text said and simply translated it right over into the English. They didn't quibble with it; they didn't try to harmonize it.
For instance, you'll find in Isaiah 9:3 that there is a "not" (LO) which has been completely eliminated by the new versions. The Scripture says, "Thou hast multiplied the nation, and NOT increased the joy..."and these new versions have just taken it out because they think it makes more sense. But the Hebrew says "not" and the KING JAMES translators simply wrote it down, faithfully as they ought to have done." - quoted from page 32.
Jamieson, Faussett and Brown's commentary on Isaiah 9:3 - "NOT increased the joy--By a slight change in the Hebrew, its (joy) is substituted by some for NOT, because "NOT increased the joy" seems opposite to what immediately follows, "the joy," Others, "Hast thou not increased the joy?" The very difficulty of the reading, NOT, makes it less likely to be an interpolation."
John Calvin likewise translates it as "and NOT increased the joy" and then adds these very revealing comments saying: " Thou hast multiplied. This passage is somewhat obscure, both in itself, and on account of the diversity of interpretations; for it appears to be absurd to say that the joy was not increased, seeing that he immediately afterwards adds, they rejoiced. On this account the Jews interpret al (lo) not negatively, but as if w (vau) had been substituted for a (aleph); for sometimes, though rarely, it has this meaning in the Scriptures. The Jews do this, because they cannot reconcile the words of the Prophet with their opinion."
Paul E. Kretzmann's Popular Commentary - "and NOT increased the joy, or, "to whom Thou didst not magnify the joy," the reference once more being to the time of great sorrow and distress under heathen conditions"
Matthew Poole's Commentary - "And NOT increased the joy; or, yet NOT increased their joy; which might very truly and fitly be said of the Jewish nation upon this occasion, partly because they did not rejoice in the conversion of the Gentiles, as they should have done, but murmured, and grieved, and stumbled at it; and partly because, through their perverseness and unbelief, that would be unto them an occasion of their utter ruin, the conversion of the Gentiles being attended with the rejection of the Jews."
Here we see that these men do not dispute the Hebrew reading of "Not", and in fact support the idea that it is the legitimate reading just because it seems so difficult to understand. They also note that because it doesn't make sense to some, that is why they have changed it.
Let me offer one very possible explanation of the passage in its immediate and prophetic context. Going back to the last half of chapter 8 and continuing in 9 we read of the judgment God is bringing upon rebellious Israel and of the blessing to be given to the Gentile nations.
In Isaiah 9: 2-4 we read: "The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death, upon them hath the light shined. Thou hast multiplied the nation, and NOT increased the joy: they joy before thee according to the joy in harvest, and as men rejoice when they divide the spoil. For thou hast broken the yoke of his burden, and the staff of his shoulder, the rod of his oppressor, as in the day of Midian."
This section of Scripture is referred to in Matthew 4:12-16 when the Lord Jesus came into this same region and we are told "that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying, The land of Zabulon, and the land of Nephthalim, by the way of the sea, beyond Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles; The people which sat in darkness saw great light; and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up."
So, when we go back to look at Isaiah 9:3 both historically and prophetically the part about "Thou hast multiplied the nation, and NOT increased the joy" refers to the nation of Israel. God had increased them to be a great number, but they were all far from God and had no joy in the Lord.
There is even a play on words found in verse 17 where God says: "Therefore the Lord shall have NO JOY in their young men, neither shall have mercy on their fatherless and widows: for every one is an hypocrite and and evildoer, and every mouth speaketh folly."
They "joy before thee according to the joy in harvest, and as men rejoice when they divide the spoil." They had a carnal joy in the riches of the material blessings God had given them, but they had no real joy in God Himself. They had turned to idols and were ripe for judgment.
Just because something doesn't seem to make sense to us is no reason to assume there is a scribal error or to change the text ourselves as the NKJV and many others have done.
The King James Bible is right, as always, and the Bible Agnostics just can't stand it.
For a more complete article on Isaiah 9:3 “and NOT increased the joy”, See
More on Isaiah 9:3 "and NOT increased the joy"
Notes From the Internet
Regarding Isaiah 9:3 Brother Steven Avery posted:
Here is Fred P. Miller's Dead Sea Scrolls page from the Great Isaiah Scroll.
The Crisis of the Assyrian Captivity and the Extinction of Israel
Assyrian Assault on Israel Described
Isaiah 9:3 - You have multiplied the nation, and not increased the joy: they joy before you like the joy in harvest, and as men rejoice when they divide the spoil.
Verse 3: You have multiplied the nation, [Assyria increased its borders with cruel bloodshed] and not increased the joy: [those conquered had extreme anguish] they joy before you [your own troops] like the joy in harvest, and as men rejoice when they divide the spoil. [because they have won so much.]
Hmmmm.. so the BC DSS followed the 400 AD Vulgate? Where do they get this stuff?
Apparently a small number of Masoretic Text mss changed the text, under 20 out of many hundreds.
And you notice how quickly they drop the lectio difficilior theory when the attack is on the text of the AV .
Let me add that if the AV had wrongly followed the non-Masoretic reading, under lose-lose argumentation the charlatan James Price would have stridently accused the AV of an "emendation", as he absurdly did with Joshua 21:36-37, simply because the AV did not follow the Ben Hayim omission error. (None dare call this scholarship.)
Another serious change of meaning is found in Isaiah 9:5. Here we read in the KJB: "For every BATTLE of the warrior is with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; BUT THIS SHALL BE with burning and fuel of fire. For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder..."
Here God is contrasting the common earthly battles and wars of men with the great battle of far more intensity than any mortal man can bring about. God will wage this war with His enemies when He brings His wrath upon them and sets up the everlasting throne of David and the kingdom of justice for ever through the Messiah, His only begotten Son, the Lord Jesus Christ.
Some old commentators have stated: John Wesley: "But - But this victory which God's people shall have over all their enemies, shall be more terrible to their adversaries, whom God will utterly consume, as it were by fire."
Geneva Bible notes: 9:5 For every battle of the warrior is with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; but this shall be with burning and fuel of fire.
"He speaks of the deliverance of his Church, which he has delivered miraculously from his enemies, but especially by the coming of Christ of whom he prophecies in the next verse. 9:6 For to us a child is born, to us a son is given"
We see this future battle in such passages as Isaiah 10:16,17; 30:33 and especially Isaiah 66:15,16 "For, behold, the LORD will come with fire, and with his chariots like a whirlwind, to render his anger with fury, and his rebuke with flames of fire. for by fire and by his sword will the LORD plead with all flesh; and the slain of the LORD shall be many."
Again in 2 Thessalonians 1:7-10 we read of the Lord Jesus being revealed from heaven with his mighty angels, in flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and obey not the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ, who shall be punished with everlasting destruction from the presence of the Lord.
The reference to "But this shall be with burning and fuel of fire" is prefigured in verse 19 of this same chapter where it says "Through the wrath of the LORD of hosts is the land darkened, and the people shall be as the fuel of the fire." It is clear that both Isaiah 9:5 and 19 refer to God judging the wicked, one refers to the return of Christ and the other prefigures this future judgment.
Verse 5 reads the same in the KJB, the Geneva Bible, the 1936 Jewish translation, the Spanish of 1569 and 1602, the Third Millenium Bible, Webster's translation and the KJV 21. "Every battle of the warrior is with confused noise, and garments rolled in blood; but this shall be with burning and fuel of fire."
But the NKJV, NIV, NASB and most modern versions give a whole different meaning to Isaiah 9:5. They leave out any reference to God's judgment and make it refer only to a battle of men. The NKJV reads: "For every warrior's SANDAL (not battle) from the noisy battle, And garments rolled in blood, Will be used for burning and fuel of fire."
There you have it folks. Now, tell me, is this the same meaning as is found in the true words of God in the King James Bible? Not hardly.
Biblical relativists continue to change the words of God. They do not believe God has preserved His words but has lost some or many of them. They have been taught that it is up to them to try to "recover" them as best they can, and then pass unto us the fruits of their labors.
That is why we have had about 100 new English bible versions in the last hundred years. "For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine; but after their own lusts shall they heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears; And they shall turn away their ears from the truth, and shall be turned unto fables." II Timothy 4:2,3.
Biblical relativists are continually altering the text, be it Hebrew or Greek, and they continue to change the meanings of the words themselves. One NASB, NKJV, or NIV is not the same as the next one that comes out, and then they give us another bible version, with the late$t in $cholar$hip finding$.
If there is any way for them to vary from the tested and true King James Bible, they will gladly give it to us. Because of the derivative copyright laws, they have to alter significantly the next bible they come up with in order to get a new copyright and make their money.
In Isaiah 10 God continues to prophesy the judgments that will come upon the rebellious nation of Israel. In verses 3 and 4 He says: "And what will ye do in the day of visitation, and in the desolation which shall come from far? to whom will ye flee for help? and where will ye leave your glory? WITHOUT ME they shall bow down under the prisoners, and they shall fall under the slain. For all this his anger is not turned away, but his hand is stretched out still."
Without God, they will surely perish when He sends the rod of His anger against them.
This word rendered as WITHOUT ME can have several meanings, as most words do both in English or Hebrew. But the biblical relativists do not believe God has sovereignly keep His words and their meaning in any Bible. So if they can rationalize a change, then they do it. Remember the copyright laws.
This same word is found in Hosea 13:4 and retains this meaning even in the NIV and NASB. "There is no saviour BESIDE ME".
"WITHOUT ME they shall bow down under the prisoners" is found in the Geneva Bible, Young's "literal" translation, the footnote of the ASV and Darby, the NKJV, the Spanish Reina Valera versions, the Third Millenium Bible, Webster's translation and the KJV 21st Century version.
However the NASB and NIV read: "NOTHING WILL REMAIN but to cringe among the captives..." The NASB has the verb "remains" in italics, showing they had to add a verb here to the text to come up with this very different meaning. There is a big difference between Without Me, and Nothing Remains But to..."
In 10:6 we again see the hypocrisy of the NKJV. The NKJV is a poor but deceptive attempt to bridge the differences between the corrupt modern versions and the pure KJB. It often changes the meanings of words in some places to match the NASB/NIV but follows the KJB in others. It departs from the Hebrew and Greek texts that underlie the KJB, but not as often as the NASB/NIV. It is a pretender and a false witness.
God Himself will use the Assyrian, the rod of His anger, to judge Israel. "I will send him against AN HYPOCRITICAL nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge, to take the spoil, and to take the prey, and to tread them down like the mire of the streets."
This word HYPOCRITICAL, or hypocrite, is # 2611 and is found 13 times in the Hebrew text. It is interesting that 13 is the number of rebellion. It is rendered as hypocrite, or hypocritical every time in the KJB. It is also rendered as hypocritical in the Geneva Bible, Darby, Websters, the Third Millenium Bible and the KJV 21. But the NKJV has twice, including here, translated this word as UNGODLY, to match the NASB/NIV, yet the other 11 times has retained hypocrite or hypocritical. The NASB/NIV have never translated this word as hypocrite/hypocritical, but always have it as "ungodly". Do you see how the NKJV tries to strike a middle ground?
A person can be ungodly without being a hypocrite. He can be just a rank, out and out sinner with no profession of faith. But a hypocrite is someone who professes to believe in God and His law, but he doesn't live that way. The nation of Israel were hypocrites, and so is the NKJV.
In 10:18 we continue with God pronouncing judgment upon Israel for their sins. "The light of Israel shall be for a fire, and his Holy One for a flame...And shall consume the glory of his forest, and of his fruitful field, both soul and body: and they shall be as when A STANDARDBEARER fainteth."
This word "a standardbearer" occurs only once in the Hebrew. It comes form a verb that likewise is used only once and is found in Zechariah 9:16 where even the NKJV reads like the KJB (but not the nasb/niv).
"And the LORD their God shall save them in that day as the flock of his people: for they shall be as the stones of a crown, LIFTED UP AS AN ENSIGN upon his land. The NKJV has LIFTED LIKE A BANNER. An ensign is a standard or a banner and you can see the nkjv has rendered the verb the same as the KJB but not the noun. In Zechariah both the NASB/NIV have "THEY WILL SPARKLE in the land." Say what?
Here in Isaiah 10:18 "and they shall be as when a STANDARDBEARER fainteth" is the reading of the KJB, the ASV, Revised Version, Young's, Geneva Bible, Hebrew Names Bible, the Spanish Reina Valera - abanderado (standardbearer)-, Webster's, Third Millenium Bible and the KJV 21.
However the NKJV joins the NASB, NIV and the new English Standard version in saying: "And they shall be as when A SICK MAN wastes away." It is interesting how the NASB/NIV can translate the noun as A SICK MAN and yet the verb as SPARKLE. Again, we see the hypocricy of the NKJV - trying to strike the middle ground all the while pretending to be just an update of the KJB.
Isaiah 10:27 "because of the ANOINTING"or "because of the FAT"?
One of the stupidest readings I've found so far in the NIV, NASB, ESV, NET is in Isaiah 10:27.
In Isaiah 10:24-27 God is telling Israel that though He will send the Assyrian against them to judge them, "yet a very little while, and the indignation shall cease, and mine anger in their destruction." Then God will stir up a scourge for him (the Assyrian), "And it shall come to pass in that day, that his burden shall be taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and the yoke shall be destroyed because of THE ANOINTING."
"Because of the ANOINTING" is the reading of the Bishops' Bible 1568 - "yoke shalbe destroyed because of the vnction.", the Geneva Bible 1587 - "and the yoke shalbe destroied because of the anoynting.", Webster's 1833 translation, Darby, the New Berkeley Version in Modern English 1969, the NKJV 1982, the KJV 21st Century 1994 and the Third Millenium Bible 1998.
Among foreign language bibles that also correctly read "because of the ANOINTING". are the Spanish Sagradas Escrituras 1569, the Reina Valera 1909, 1960, 1995, and the Reina Valera Gómez of 2010 - "y el yugo será destruido por causa de la unción.", the Portuguese A Biblia Sagrada em Portugués and the Almeida Corrigida E Fiel - "e o jugo será despedaçado por causa da unção.", the French Martin 1744 - "et le joug sera rompu à cause de l'onction.", the Italian Diodati 1649 and the Nuova Diodati of 1991 - "e il giogo sarà rotto per cagion dell’unzione." and the Modern Greek Bible - "και ο ζυγος θελει συντριφθη εξ αιτιας του χρισματος." = "and the yoke will be broken because of the anointing".
Here is what several Bible commentators have said about "the anointing"
John Wesley: Isaiah 10:27 The anointing - Possibly this may be understood of David, who is often mentioned in scripture by the name of God's anointed; and for whose sake, God gave many deliverances to the succeeding kings and ages, as is expressly affirmed, I Kings 11:32. God declares that he would give this very deliverance from the Assyrian, for David's sake. But the Messiah is principally intended, of whom David was but a type; and who was in a particular manner anointed above his fellows, as is said, Psalms 45:7. For he is the foundation of all the promises and of all the deliverances and mercies granted to God's people in all ages.
I Kings 11:32 - But he shall have one tribe for my servant David's sake, and for Jerusalem's sake, the city which I have chosen out of all the tribes of Israel
II Kings 19:34 -For I will defend this city, to save it, for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake.
Psalm 45:7 -Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
Matthew Henry - because of the anointing, for their sakes who were partakers of the anointing. For David's sake. This is particularly given as the reason why God would defend Jerusalem from Sennacherib Isaiah 37:35 "For I will defend this city to save it for mine own sake, and for my servant David's sake"; For the sake of the Messiah, the Anointed of God, whom God had an eye to in all the deliverances of the Old-Testament church, and hath still an eye to in all the favours he shows to his people. It is for his sake that the yoke is broken, and that we are made free indeed.
Jamison, Fausset and Brown: - the anointing--namely, "Messiah" (Daniel 9:24). Just as in Isa 9:4-6, the "breaking of the yoke of" the enemies' "burden and staff" is attributed to Messiah, "For unto us a child is born," &c., so it is here. MAURER not so well translates, "Because of the fatness".
John Calvin comments - "The phrase, the face of the anointing, is explained by some to mean the fatness with which the yoke is besmeared. But that interpretation is too farfetched. Others more correctly view Nms (shamen) as bearing its ordinary signification, and as denoting anointing or oil. He again reminds them of Christ, and shows that through his kindness they will be delivered from that tyranny. Anointing is the name given to that kingdom which the Lord had set apart for himself, and which he therefore wished to keep unspotted and undiminished. When the Prophets intend to applaud the majesty of that kingdom, they speak of the anointing which the Lord had bestowed on it as a distinguishing mark, because it was a type of Christ." (Psalm 45:7, 89:20; Isaiah 61:1; Daniel 9:24.)... He shows that this will arise from the heavenly anointing of that kingdom, that all may perceive that this benefit depends on the power of Christ, and not on the ability of man or on chance."
The Geneva Bible study notes - " because of (x) the anointing. (x) Because of the promise made to that kingdom, by which Christ’s kingdom was prefigured."
David Guzik's Commentary mentions: "the anointing oil should really be seen as because of the anointed one, the Messiah, Jesus Christ. He is the source of our victory and freedom from the yoke of bondage!"
Coffman's Commentary - "meaning the anointing oil. "Just as in Isa. 9:4-6 the breaking of the yoke of the enemies is attributed to Messiah, so it is here." Dummelow also honored this understanding of the place thus: "Because of the anointing, i.e., because of the anointed king of David's house, to which God has promised a lasting kingdom."
John Gill comments: "the Targum much better refers it to the Messiah, "the people shall be broken from before the Messiah'' who was anointed with the oil of gladness above his fellows, and for whose sake, and by whom, the yoke of sin, Satan, and the law, has been destroyed."
But let us now look at what the NASB, NIV, ESV, NET and other modern versions have come up with.
The NASB and Holman Standard say: "and the yoke will be broken because of FATNESS" and the NIV has: "the yoke will be broken BECAUSE YOU HAVE GROWN SO FAT." The ESV has: "and the yoke will be broken because of THE FAT."!!!
Dan Wallace's NET version actually says: "the yoke will be taken off BECAUSE YOUR NECK WILL BE TOO LARGE."!!! Then he footnotes - "The meaning of this line is uncertain." Well, it certainly is NOW!
The liberal RSV of 1952 and the NRSV of 1989 have both completely omitted the Hebrew phrase and added a bunch of made up words instead. The RSV, NRSV both say: "and his yoke will be destroyed from your neck. HE HAS GONE UP FROM RIMMON." Then they footnote that the have "emended" the text but that the Hebrew reads "and the yoke will be destroyed because of fatness."
Young's 'literal' (hah!) has missed the mark with its: "And destroyed hath been the yoke, BECAUSE OF PROSPERITY."
The 2012 Knox Bible has the ridiculous reading of: "the yoke will fall from thy neck, yoke that has gone rotten for want of oil."
The so called Greek Septuagint is of no help here. It omits the phrase altogether merely saying: "the yoke shall be destroyed from off your shoulders." completely omitting any reference to the anointing.
The Catholic versions present the usual chaos and nonsensical readings. The Douay-Rheims says: "and the yoke shall putrefy at the presence of the oil." Then the 1970 St. Joseph NAB adds words NOT from the Hebrew just like the RSV and NRSV. It says: "and his yoke shattered from your neck. HE HAS COME UP FROM THE DIRECTION OF RIMMON." (Yeah, that's pretty close, huh?) Then the 1985 New Jerusalem puts a series of dots at the end of the verse and tells us "the words are not clear.", but at least it got rid of all that Rimmon stuff. It now reads: "and the yoke will be destroyed..... (footnote - the last words of the verse are not clear.") The 2009 Catholic Public Domain Version has now gone back to a previous Catholic reading and has: "and the yoke will decay at the appearance of the oil."
The King James Bible is right, as always. Friends don't let friends use perverted bibles.
Isaiah 13 Day of the LORD and Babylon
Isaiah 13 contains the first reference to the day of the LORD found in the Scriptures. In fact it occurs twice in this chapter and once as "the day of his fierce anger".
As many prophecies in the Bible, this one has a twofold fulfillment, one in the past and one in the future. Even Scofield's notes explain that the predicted destruction of Babylon here also has reference to the last days when the spiritual Babylon of the world's false religion and political power will be judged by God and his angels.
13:1-3 "The burden of Babylon, which Isaiah the son of Amoz did see. Lift ye up a banner upon THE HIGH MOUNTAIN, exalt the voice unto them, shake the hand, that they may go into the gates of the nobles. I have commanded my sanctified ones, I have also called my mighty ones for mine anger, EVEN THEM THAT REJOICE IN MY HIGHNESS."
This foretells the destruction of Babylon but also refers to the last days, the Day of the LORD (verses 6,9 and 13) as we read from 9-11 "Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate: and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it. For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine. (Clearly signs of the last days judgment as found in Mat. 24:29) And I will punish THE WORLD (not just the city of Babylon) for their evil, and the wicked for their iniquity: and I will cause the arrogancy of the proud to cease, and will lay low the haughtiness of the terrible."
In verse two, the HIGH MOUNTAIN upon which the banner is lifted up, is the reading of the KJB, Geneva Bible, Young's, the Jewish translations, NKJV, Third Millenium Bible and others, but the "high mountain" has become A BARE HILLTOP in the NIV and the NASB. The standard has been lowered just a tad.
I believe the double fulfillment of the sanctified ones, the mighty ones THAT REJOICE IN MY HIGHNESS, refers to the mighty angels who will appear with the Lord Jesus Christ in flaming fire taking vengeance on those that know not God nor obey the gospel. See II Thessalonians 1:7; Matthew 13:41 and Revelation 18:21 "And a mighty angel took up a stone...and cast it into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all."
EVEN THEM THAT REJOICE IN MY HIGHNESS is the reading or idea of the NKJV Geneva Bible, Spanish Reina Valera, Douay, Young's, Darby, Third Millenium Bible, KJV 21, New Century Version, New English Bible, NKJV, and even the NIV has: "those who rejoice in my triumph".
But the NASB, along with the RSV and the new ESV says: "I have even called my warriors, MY PROUDLY EXULTING ONES, to execute My anger." Nothing about God's highness, but instead we have some proud exultation. A very different meaning than "them that rejoice in My highness" and surely one that could not be applied to angels. Even if they apply this to the Medes, there is much evidence in Scripture that Cyrus himself, the king of the Medes and Persians, became a believer in the true God. See Isaiah 45:1-4 and II Chronicles 36:23. In any case, the future greater fulfillment of this prophecy is destroyed in the NASB, RSV, ESV.
In closing these brief and partial notes on this chapter, let's notice just how different the NKJV is from the true words of the King James Bible. This is just an example of hundreds that could be given.
We read in verse 21-22 in the KJB of the final state of Babylon after God has judged her.
KJB 21. "But wild beasts of the desert shall lie there; and their houses shall be full of DOLEFUL CREATURES; and OWLS shall dwell there, and SATYRS shall dance there." (Satyrs is also found in both the Jewish translations of 1917, 1936, the Geneva, Lamsa, the Revised Standard Version, Jerusalem Bible, Revised Version, Third Millenium bible, KJV 21, Webster's and even the NASB 1995 has this word as satyr in II Chron. 11:15)
KJB 22. "AND THE WILD BEASTS OF THE ISLANDS SHALL CRY IN THEIR DESOLATE HOUSES, and DRAGONS in their pleasant palaces: and her time is near to come, and her days shall not be prolonged."
But the NKJV reads: "But wild beasts of the desert will lie there, And their houses will be full of OWLS (not doleful creatures), OSTRICHES (not owls, even though NIV has owls too) will dwell there. And WILD GOATS (not satyrs) will caper there, The HYENAS (not 'wild beasts of the islands') will howl in their CITADELS (not desolate houses). And JACKALS (not dragons) in their pleasant palaces, Her time is near to come, and her days will not be prolonged.
This word for "desolate houses" occurs only twice in the Hebrew. It is the feminine plural # 490. The NKJV here tries to follow the NASB/NIV which have "fortified towers" and "strongholds" respectively, yet the only other time this word occurs in Ezekiel 19:7 the NKJV goes back to "desolate places".
Isaiah 13:15 - James Price’s “indisputable error” in the King James Bible?
For those who do not know, James Price is the chief editor and translator of the NEW King James Bible and he has also written a book which is highly critical of the King James Bible. It is called "King James Onlyism: A New Sect". I have read it and have also written a refutation of this Bible agnostics views of the King James Bible. The man simply has NO complete and infallible Bible to give you nor to believe in himself, but he is sure the King James Bible is wrong in many passages. If you wish to see my article about this man's book, you can see it here -
Isaiah 13:15- “Every one that is found shall be thrust through; and every one THAT IS JOINED UNTO THEM shall fall by the sword.”
One blusterous Bible corrector asserts:
Errors in the King James Version?
by William W. Combs - Detroit Baptist Seminary Journal
"The following example was supplied to me by Dr. James D. Price, who is currently producing a manuscript on this subject."
"In the OT it is universally agreed, even by KJV-only advocates, that the KJV was based on the Second Bomberg Edition of 1525 edited by Jacob ben Chayyim. However, on occasion the translators did not follow the Hebrew/Aramaic text before them. For instance, in Isaiah 13:15 the KJV reads “joined” (“every one that is joined unto them shall fall by the sword”). There is no support for this reading in any Hebrew manuscript, text, ancient version, or rabbinic tradition. Instead, the correct reading is “captured” (“anyone who is captured will fall by the sword,” NASB). Possibly, the KJV translators misread one Hebrew letter for another, mistaking the word såpåh , “capture,” for såpaÿ , “join.” Whatever the case, the reading of the KJV is not the reading of the autographs and is thus an indisputable error."
The Modern Vatican versions that side with Mr. Price’s translation of “captured” are the ASV, RSV, ESV, NKJV, NASB, NIV, Holman Standard, and of course, the more modern Catholic versions like the St. Joseph New American Bible 1970 and the New Jerusalem bible 1985.
Mr. Price's information on page 288 of his book "King James Onlyism: A New Sect" appears to be totally false, as we shall soon see. Mr. Price writes - Isaiah 13:15 - The MT, supported by the LXX, Vulgate, and Targum reads “captured”, whereas the KJV reads “joined”. The translators misread one Hebrew letter for another, mistaking the Hebrew word nispeh for the word nispach found in 14:1, meaning ‘join’ or ‘cleave to’.”
First of all, Mr. Price is completely wrong about the alleged LXX reading “captured” and not “joined” as the King James Bible (and many others, as we shall soon see) has it.
I have a copy of the LXX right here on my desk. It is 'The Septuagint Version with Apocrypha Greek and English, published by Zondervan, 4th printing 1977. There are several different versions of this thing, but the one I have clearly says: "And they that ARE GATHERED TOGETHER shall fall by the sword." The Greek is οἵτινες συνηγμένοι εἰσίν μαχαίρᾳ πεσοῦνται - oitines suneegmenoi eisi.
The verb used here is a common one; it is the periphrastic perfect passive participle of sunago, which means "to gather, to assemble together, to come together, to assemble." It is used numerous times in the N.T. in such places as "they were assembled together" (Acts 4:31), "he should gather together in one the children of God" (John 11:52) and "Come and gather yourselves together" (Rev. 19:17). The word has NOTHING to do with "capture". The good doktor Price is flat out wrong.
According to Wigram’s Hebrew and Chaldee Concordance 1980, on page 881 he lists the Isaiah 13:15 reference to the Hebrew word # 5595 sahphah, meaning “to add, to augment, to put, or joined”. There is a very similar word under the same number (5595) and pronounced the same way which also means “to destroy, consume or to perish”.
Strong’s concordance lists the word found in Isaiah 13:15 as # 5595 and lists a variety of meanings for this single Hebrew word including: “to scrape together, to accumulate or increase, perish, add, augment, consume, destroy, heap, JOIN, perish and put.”
Even if we were to take this Hebrew word as the NASB concordance lists it under #5595 we see that the NASB has also translated it as “to add” twice and “to heap” once. Deut.32:23 “I will HEAP mischiefs upon them”; Numbers 32:14 “to ADD still more to the burning”, and Isaiah 30:1 “in order to ADD sin to sin.”
It seems only logical that if a group of people are “added” to another group, then they are “joined unto them”, right?
Lamsa’s translation of the Syriac Peshitta reads differently than them all with: “Every one that is found shall be thrust through; and every one THAT ESCAPES shall fall by the sword.” This certainly does not help out the Bible agnostics claim that the word should be translated as “captive”.
The LXX copy I have (Brenton's translation of the Septuagint) agrees with the King James Bible saying: “they that ARE GATHERED TOGETHER shall fall by the sword.” - οἵτινες συνηγμένοι εἰσίν μαχαίρᾳ πεσοῦνται (kai hoitines sunegmenoi eisi pesountai makaira)
The New Brenton Translation 2012 also reads "THEY THAT ARE GATHERED TOGETHER shall fall by the sword."
The Spanish Sagradas Escrituras of 1569 - “y cualquiera que a ellos SE JUNTARE, caerá a espada.” = “And whoever IS JOINED TO THEM, will fall by the sword.”
The Spanish Cipriano de Valera 1602, the 1865 Revision, and the Reina Valera 1909 also agrees with the King James reading: “y cualquiera que a ellos SE JUNTARE, caerá a cuchillo.”
The Spanish Reina Valera Gómez bible 2010 reads: “y cualquiera que a ellos se una, caerá a espada.” = and whoever UNITES HIMSELF TO THEM, will fall by the sword.”
The Italian Diodati of 1649 agrees with the KJB reading - “Chiunque sarà trovato sarà trafitto, e chiunque si SARA AGGUIUNTO con loro caderà per la spada.” = “and anyone will have joined with they fall by the sword.”
The Portuguese Almeida Bible of 1681 and A Biblia Sagrada em Portugués also agree with the KJB reading - "Todo o que for achado será transpassado; e todo O QUE SE UNIR A ELE cairá à espada." = "whoever unites himself with them will fall by the sword."
The French Martin Bible 1744 also reads like the KJB saying: “et quiconque s'y SERA JOINT, tombera par l'épée.” = will be joined
The Modern Greek Bible agrees totally with the King James reading - "και παντες οι συνηθροισμενοι θελουσι πεσει δια μαχαιρας." = "And all THOSE GATHERED TOGETHER will fall by the sword."
Martin Luther’s German translation of 1545 also agrees with the King James reading. Brother Herb Evans affirms: “Equally interesting is Martin Luther making the same “mistake” in his German Bible before the KJB translators did, he says "Welcher dabei ist"? (to unite by means of a joint or to become united or connected by or as of by a joint)”
The 2014 Romanian Fidela Bible also reads "each one THAT IS JOINED will fall by the sword" - "si fiecare ce li se alatura va cadea prin sabie."
Darby’s translation agrees in sense with the King James Bible - “All that are found shall be thrust through; and every one THAT IS IN LEAGUE WITH THEM shall fall by the sword.”
Young’s 1898 likewise is similar to the KJB: - “Every one who is found is thrust through, And every one WHO IS ADDED falleth by sword.”
The Geneva Bible of 1587 also agrees with the KJB - “Euery one that is founde, shall be striken through: and WHOSOEVER JOINETH HIMSELF, shall fall by the sworde.”
The Bishops’ Bible of 1568 is similar in meaning - “Whoso is founde shalbe shot thorowe: and WHOSO TAKETH THEIR PART, shalbe destroyed with the sworde.”
Coverdale’s 1535 translation reads: “Who so is founde alone, shalbe shot thorow: And WHO SO GATHER TOGETHER, shalbe destroyed wt the swerde.”
The Great Bible 1540 - “And WHO SO GATHER TOGETHER, shal be destroyed with the swerde.”
Matthew’s Bible (John Rogers) of 1549 - “And WHOSO GATHER TOGETHER, shalbe destroied with the swerd.”
God’s First Truth 1999 - “And WHO SO GATHER TOGETHER, shall be destroyed with the sword.”
The Judaica Press Tanach 2004 gives a slightly different meaning. It says: “Everyone who is found shall be stabbed, AND ANYONE WHO TAKES REFUGE shall fall by the sword.”
The Work of God’s Children Illustrated Bible 2011 has: “and EVERY ONE THAT SHALL COME TO THEIR AID, shall fall by the sword.”
Isaiah 13:15 - "EVERY ONE THAT IS JOINED unto them"
Also agreeing with the reading found in the King James Bible - “And every one that IS JOINED TO them shall fall by the sword.” are The Bill Bible 1671, Webster’s translation of 1833, the Lesser Bible 1853, the Calvin Bible 1855, The Ancient Hebrew Bible 1907 - "every one that IS JOINED unto them shall fall by the sword.", the Complete Apostles Bible 1998 - "and THEY THAT ARE GATHERED TOGETHER shall fall by the sword.", The Word of Yah 1993 - "EVERYONE THAT IS JOINED TO THEM will fall by the sword", the KJV 21st Century Version 1994, the Third Millennium Bible 1998, Bond Slave Version 2009, the Holy Scriptures Jubilee Bible of 2010, the Urim-Thummim Version of 2001, the Heritage Bible of 2003 - “Everyone who is found shall be stabbed, and EVERYONE JOINED TO THEM shall fall by the sword.”, The Complete Apostle's Bible 2003 - "and THEY THAT ARE GATHERED TOGETHER shall fall by the sword", Hebraic Transliteration Scripture 2010 - "everyone THAT IS JOINED unto them", The Jubilee Bible 2010, the Biblos Interlinear Bible 2011 - "EVERYONE THAT IS JOINED unto them shall fall", and The Holy Bible, Modern English Version 2014 - “ and every one WHO IS JOINED to them shall fall by the sword.”
And this Online Interlinear Hebrew Old Testament - “and everyone THAT IS JOINED shall fall by the sword.”
The Catholic Connection
The Douay-Rheims of 1610 reads much like the KJB with - “Every one that shall be found, shall be slain: and every one that shall come to their aid, shall fall by the sword.”
However the newer Catholic bible versions are like the NKJV, NIV, NASB, ESV (Because they are produced by the joint UBS Catholic/Evangelical Combine).
The New Jerusalem bible 1985 reads: “All those who are found will be stabbed, all THOSE CAPTURED will fall by the sword.” So to the NKJV, NIV, NASB, Holman, RSV and ESV. - “Everyone who is found will be thrust through, And everyone WHO IS CAPTURED will fall by the sword. “ NKJV
John Gill comments on the passage, saying: “and everyone that is joined unto them shall fall by the sword; or "added" unto them; any of other nations that joined them as auxiliaries, see (Revelation 18:4) or "that is gathered"; so the Septuagint, "they that are gathered"; that ARE GATHERED TOGETHER IN A BODY TO RESIST THE ENEMY, AND DEFEND THEMSELVES. Some render the word, "every one that is consumed", with age; neither old nor young, as follows, should be spared. The Targum is, “everyone that enters into the fortified cities,''flees there for safety and protection.”
Matthew Henry comments: “every one that is joined to them shall fall by the sword; THOSE OF OTHER NATIONS THAT COME TO THEIR ASSISTANCE shall be cut off with them. It is dangerous being in bad company, and helping those whom God is about to destroy.”
John Calvin also translated the passage as it appears in our King James Bible and he comments: “And every one that is joined to them shall fall by the sword. Some translators render this clause differently from what I have done; because the Hebrew verb (saphah) signifies to destroy or consume, they read it, Whosoever shall be destroyed, and explain it as relating to the old men, who were already worn out with age, and could not otherwise live longer; as if he had said, “Not even the men of advanced age, who are sinking into the grave, shall be spared, even though they are half-dead, and appear to be already giving up the ghost.” But because that is a feeble interpretation, and the verb (saphah) signifies likewise to add, I rather agree with others, who think that it denotes companies of soldiers, as in taking a city the soldiers are collected together in the form of a wedge, to ward off the attacks of the enemy. But IT WILL PERHAPS BE THOUGHT BETTER TO UNDERSTAND BY IT THE CONFEDERATES OR ALLIES WHO WERE JOINED TO BABYLON, AND MIGHT BE SAID TO BE UNITED IN THE SAME BODY, in order to show more fully the shocking nature of this calamity.”
Albert Barnes (1854) also comments on this verse in his Notes: Critical, Explanatory, and Practical on the Book of the Prophet Isaiah
“Every one that IS JOINED unto them - Their allies and friends. There shall be a vast, indiscriminate slaughter of all that are found in the city, and of those that attempt to flee from it. Lowth renders this, ' And all that are collected in a body;' BUT THE TRUE SENSE IS GIVEN IN OUR TRANSLATION. The Chaldee renders it, 'And every one who enters into fortified cities shall be slain with the sword.' “
What we learn from this single example is that men like James Price and William Combs have no inerrant Bible in any language to give to anyone. Instead they foolishly and ignorantly set up their own minds and peculiar understanding as their final authority, in spite of the fact that many other godly men throughout history who were just as qualified, if not more so than Mr. Price or Mr. Combs, disagree with them and side with the King James Bible reading.
By the way, if you see or contact Mr. James Price or William Combs, ask them to SHOW you a copy of the complete, inspired and infallible Bible they PROFESSES to believe in. They will never do it. Why? Because they, like their buddy James White, really HAVE no infallible Bible to believe in at all. Go ahead; ask them and see.
Isaiah 14:12 - Lucifer or Morning Star?
See more on this study here -
This chapter portrays the judgment upon two distinct individuals, the king of Babylon and Lucifer, also known as Satan, the dragon and the devil, who is the power behind the kingdom of Babylon. Compare this section with Revelation 13:1,2 where the final, godless, earthly kingdom of the beast rises up and we are told: "and the dragon gave him his power, and his seat, and great authority". There is a Satanic power behind the human face.
In verse 4 we read: "That thou shalt take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How hath the oppressor ceased! the GOLDEN CITY ceased!"
"the GOLDEN CITY ceased", referring to the great riches of Babylon, is the reading of the Revised Version of 1885, the ASV of 1901, ther 1936 Jewish translation, the NKJV, Webster's Bible, the Third Millenium Bible, the KJV 21, and the Hebrew Names Version. Young's says "the golden one ceased". The 1917 Jewish translation and Darby say "the exactress of gold."
Yet when we get to the NASB, ESV and NIV we read something very different. The NIV says: "How HIS FURY has ended." Then we read in the niv footnote that this reading supposedly comes from the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Septuagint and the Syriac, and that the meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain.
I have a copy of the Septuagint and it does not say Fury at all, but rather Taskmaster or one who hurries another. The NIV editors are lying.
Verse 9 tells us "HELL from beneath is moved for thee at thy coming." The word Hell occurs 31 times in the O.T. of the KJB, yet in the NKJV this number is reduced to just 19, while the NIV and NASB completely omit the word Hell from the Old Testament altogether. The NKJV again is compromising between the true Bible and false ones.
HELL is one of those old, archaic, hard to be understood words that modern man no longer understands, right?! It must be replaced by clearer words like Sheol in the NASB, ESV or by the equally scary Grave in the NIV. We don't want to offend modern ears by the thought that there actually might be a literal place called HELL!
Hell is the reading of the Geneva Bible, the Revised Version of 1881, the 1936 Jewish translation, Douay 1950, Webster's, TMB, KJV 21, the Spanish of 1569 and 1602, and the NKJV, though the NKJV follows the NASB with SHEOL in verse 15, while the NIV has "the grave".
Verse 12 describes the fall of Lucifer, the power behind the king of Babylon, both in the past and in the future. "How art thou fallen from heaven, O LUCIFER, son of the morning!" "For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north: I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High. Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit."
LUCIFER is the reading of ALL English Bibles even before the KJB, including Geneva Bible, the Great Bible, Matthew's, Coverdale, Bishop's Bible, Webster's 1833 translation, Darby 1890, the Third Millenium Bible and the KJV 21st Century. The NKJV says Lucifer, but it give us a false footnote saying "literally, Day Star." Neither the word Day, or morning, or Star occurs here at all. This is another lie put out by the NKJV to compromise with the blasphemous NASB and NIV "bibles'.
The NASB reads "Star of the Morning" while the NIV has O MORNING STAR. This passage is speaking about the fall of Satan, as even the Scofield NIV footnotes tell us, yet we all should know that the title of Morning Star refers the the Lord Jesus Christ and not Satan. See Revelation 2:28, 22:16 where the Lord Jesus tells us He is the bright and morning star.
One final note in this chapter dealing with verse 23. God will cut off Babylon and make it a possession for the BITTERN. A bittern is bird - a type of nocturnal heron. This is not an archaic word at all and is found in modern magazines. The word occurs just 3 times in the Hebrew; here in Isaiah 14:23, Isaiah 34:11 and in Zephaniah 2:14. All three times it is rendered as bittern in the KJB.
Bittern is also the reading of the 1917, 1936 Jewish translations, Young's, Darby, Rotherham's Emphatic Bible, the KJV 21, Webster's and the TMB.
What is of great interest here is that the NKJV has translated this word as PORCUPINE in Isaiah yet has BITTERN in Zephaniah. The NIV has SCREECH OWL, the NASB has all three as HEDGEHOG, and the brand new ESV of 2001 has Hedgehog here but Porcupine in 34:11.
Isaiah 16 16:4 "LET MINE OUTCASTS DWELL WITH THEE, MOAB; be thou a covert to them from the face of the spoiler."
This is the reading of the NKJV, KJB, Geneva Bible, 1936 Jewish translation, the Spanish of 1569 and 1602 and 1960, Young's literal, Darby, Douay, Third Millenium Bible, KJV 21, Webster's and Rotherham's Emphatic Bible.
There are many different opinions about the meaning of this verse, but in the commentaries of John Wesley, Matthew Henry and the Geneva Bible notes, they all agree that God is telling Moab what she should have done to make peace with God's people and protect the Israelites when they faced judgment upon their land. But the Moabites would not give them shelter because of their pride.
However the NASB, NIV and the new English Standard Version completely reverse this reading and say instead: "LET THE MOABITE FUGITIVES STAY WITH YOU".
I'm merely pointing out the total confusion that results from thinking all bibles say the same thing. They clearly do not.
In verse 7 we read: "Therefore shall Moab howl for Moab, every one shall howl: for the FOUNDATIONS of Kirhareseth shall ye mourn; surely they are stricken."
"FOUNDATIONS of Kirhareseth" is the reading of the NKJV, KJB, Darby, Geneva Bible, Spanish of 1569 and 1602, the Italian Diodati, Third Millenium Bible, KJV 21, Webster's, and the 1936 Jewish translation.
But in the NASB and ESV we read that Moab will howl or weep "for THE RAISIN CAKES of Kirhareseth" and the NIV tells us they will weep for "THE MEN of Kirhareseth." Foundations, Raisin Cakes, Men - take your pick. Is this six of one and half a dozen of the other?
Of the versions I consulted, only the NKJV has given a very different meaning to verse 9. There we read: "Therefore I will bewail with the weeping of Jazer the vine of Sibmah: I will water thee with my tears, O Heshbon, and Elealeh : for THE SHOUTING FOR THY SUMMER FRUITS AND FOR THY HARVEST IS FALLEN. And gladness is taken away, and joy out of the plentiful field: and in the vineyards there shall be no singing, neither shall there be shouting : the treaders shall tread out no wine in their presses; I have made their vintage shouting to cease."
"The shouting for thy summer fruits is fallen" is the reading or meaning of all the versions I looked at. The NIV says: "The shouts of joy over your ripened fruit and over your harvests have been stilled." The NASB is the same as the KJB with: "For the shouting over your summer fruits and your harvest has fallen away." Shouting is the same word as found in verse 10 where it says, even in the NKJV, "I have made their vintage shouting to cease." This was a shouting of joy and celebration for the abundant harvest, and God had made it to fall and cease because of His judgment upon them.
However only the NKJV renders verse 9 as " For BATTLE CRIES HAVE FALLEN OVER your summer fruits and your harvest." Not exactly the same meaning is it?
18:2 "Go, ye swift messengers, to a nation SCATTERED AND PEELED, to a people terrible from their beginning hitherto: a nation METED OUT AND TRODDEN DOWN, whose land the rivers have spoiled."
There are about as many interpretations of what this verse means, as there are commentaries. I don't wish to get into what it means, though I have a pretty good idea, but rather to show the further confusion that results from the variety of versions out there today.
"Scattered and Peeled, Meted out and Trodden down" is the reading of the KJB, Webster's Bible, the Third Millenium Bible and the KJV 21. The Geneva Bible says "Scattered and Spoiled, Trodden under foot"; Darby has "Scattered and Ravaged" while Young's has "Drawn out and Peeled"
However when we look at the NKJV we read "to a nation TALL AND SMOOTH OF SKIN...a nation POWERFUL AND TREADING DOWN"
NIV: "Tall and smooth of skin, an AGRESSIVE NATION OF A STRANGE SPEECH"
NASB: "Tall and smooth, a powerful and oppressive nation."
Isaiah 19:3 God declares His judgment upon Egypt. "And the spirit of Egypt shall fail in the midst thereof; and I will desroy the counsel thereof: and they shall seek to the idols, and TO THE CHARMERS, and to them that have familiar spirits, and to the wizards."
This word Charmers is used only once in the Hebrew and decribes one who uses incantations or magical words to create a demonic spell. Charmers is the reading of the KJB, the RV, ASV, NKJV, Young's, Hebrew Names Version, Third Millenium Bible, KJV 21 and the 1936 Jewish translation.
Douay say Diviners, Darby has Conjurers, while the Geneva, RSV, and the new ESV all have Sorcerers. These are people involved in the occult and they conjure up spirts of devils to decieve.
However the NIV, and the NASB are totally heretical in their renderings. The NIV says: "they will consult the SPIRITS OF THE DEAD" and the NASB has: "they will resort to GHOSTS OF THE DEAD."
There is no such thing as a ghost in the commonly held definition of the spirit of a dead human being who is wandering around this earth and can communicate with the living. No, when a person dies, he either goes to Hell or is with the Lord, but he or she cannot continue as a ghost roaming the earth. The idea that there could be such a thing as a ghost denies much of sound Biblical teaching. Rather those entities that pose as "ghosts" are in fact deceiving devils, and not departed souls of people. The NASB, NIV both teach a New Age heresy.
Verse 10 is another verse that is totally confused in the modern versions. The KJB, Webster's Bible, Third Millenium Bible and the KJV 21 all read: "And THEY SHALL BE BROKEN IN THE PURPOSES THEREOF, ALL THAT MAKE SLUICES AND PONDS FOR FISH."
The NKJV " And ITS FOUNDATIONS will be broken. ALL WHO MAKE WAGES WILL BE TROUBLED OF SOUL.
The NASB: "And THE PILLARS OF EGYPT will be crushed. All the HIRED LABORERS will be grieved in soul.
NIV: "The WORKERS OF CLOTH WILL BE DEJECTED, and all WAGE EARNERS WILL BE SICK AT HEART.
See how reading a variety of translations clears things up for us?
This chapter continues with the prophesied destruction of Babylon. In verse 5 we read of of their vain preparations for the coming battle. "Prepare the table, WATCH IN THE WATCHTOWER, eat, drink; arise, ye princes, and anoint the shield."
"Watch in the Watchtower" is the reading of the NKJV, ASV, Revised Version, Darby, Young's, Spanish of 1602, Green's interlinear, the Hebrew Names Version and others.
But the NASB says: "SPREAD OUT THE CLOTH" and the NIV has: "THEY SPREAD THE RUGS" instead of Watch in the Watchtower. The ESV aslo says: “THEY SPREAD THE RUGS” but then has a foonote telling us “OR they set the watchmen” (Yeah, that’s pretty much the same thing, right?) The so called Greek Septuagint just omits the entire phrase altogether.
This chapter describes the destruction of Tyre.
Verse 2 "Be still, ye inhabitants of the isle; THOU WHOM THE MERCHANTS OF ZIDON, THAT PASS OVER THE SEA, HAVE REPLENISHED."
Zidon was only about 25 miles away from the island of Tyre. Zidon existed before Tyre and the Zidonians had colonized and established Tyre as a great trading center and had replenished Tyre with her much ongoing trade.
The reading of the KJB is the same in the Revised Version, the American Standard Version, Geneva Bible, Douay, Darby, Young's and the Jewish translations.
However the NKJV joins the NIV in changing the meaning of the verse. The NKJV says: "Be still, you inhabitants of the coastland, YOU MERCHANTS OF SIDON, WHOM THOSE WHO CROSS THE SEA HAVE FILLED." The NKJV has God addressing the Zidonians directly, rather than Tyre.
The NIV has two different people being addressed with "Be silent, you people of the island AND YOU MERCHANTS OF SIDON, whom the seafarers have enriched."
The NASB changes the last part of the text and follows the RSV and the NRSV. It reads: "Be silent, you inhabitants of the coastland, You merchants of Sidon; YOUR MESSENGERS CROSSED THE SEA." This is the reading of the NRSV too, but it has a footnote telling us that "your messengers crossed the sea" comes from ONE ancient manuscript, while the Hebrew Masoretic text says 'crossing over the sea, they replenished you'.
What is of interest too is that the brand new English Standard Version of 2001 has now rejected the previous RSV and NASB reading, and gone back to 'crossing over the sea, they replenished you." The shifting sands of modern scholarship are a marvel to behold.
In verse 10 again we see the inconsistency of the modern Bibles of the Month club.
The KJB, RV, ASV, Young's, Geneva, Third Millenium Bible read: "PASS THROUGH thy land as a river, O daughter of Tarshish; there is no more STRENGTH."
This verse is still referring to Tyre. Tarshish or the ships of Tarshish had much trade with her, nourished and brought her up and in that sense Tyre was the daughter of Tarshish. As a river flows out to sea, so those that were not killed in the 13 year seige of Nebuchadnezzar escaped by ship at the last moment. There was no more strength to withstand the onslaught and they fled.
The NKJV has a similar reading with:"Overflow through your land...there is no more STRENGTH, but the NASB says "there is no more RESTRAINT." Whatever that might mean.
But the NIV says: "TILL YOUR LAND AS ALONG THE NILE, O daughter of Tarshish, for YOU NO LONGER HAVE A HARBOR." Then the NIV tells us in a footnote that this variant reading comes from the Dead Sea Scrolls, SOME Septuagint manuscripts but that the Hebrew Masoretic Text says 'Go Through' rather than 'Till your land". Plus is it "there is no more Strength", "Restraint" or "Harbor"?
Hey, not to worry, all bibles teach the same message, right? No doctrine is effected (aside from the inspiration and inerrancy of Scripture and whether this Book is true or not). Don't worry. Be happy. Let's all just get along.
Verse 11 still continues with this prophecy against Tyre. "He stretched out his hand over the sea, he shook the kingdoms: the LORD hath given a commandment against the MERCHANT CITY, to destroy the strong holds thereof."
This is the reading of the Geneva Bible, Young's, 1936 Jewish translation, Third Millenium Bible, KJV 21 and Webster's translation. It obviously refers to Tyre - the merchant city.
However the NKJV joins the NASB in saying: "the LORD has given a commandment against CANAAN, to destroy its strongholds." The Merchant city or Canaan?
This word is # 3667 and can either mean Canaan or Merchant, traffic (as in drug traffic or trade) or traders. It is translated as Merchant in Hosea 12:7, Zephaniah 1:11 and as traffic in Ezekiel 17:4 "carried it into a land of traffic.". The nasb has it as 'merchant' twice, 'traders' once and 'tradesmen' one time. The NKJV has it as "city of merchants" in Eze. 17:4 and as merchant in Zeph. 1:11.
A curious thing about the NKJV is the reading in Hosea 12:7. There we read referring to Ephraim: "He is A MERCHANT, the balances of deceit are in his hand." Here even the NIV, ASV, NASB, RSV, NRSV, ESV etc. say MERCHANT, but ONLY the NKJV says: "He is a CUNNING CANAANITE! Deceitful scales are in his hand." Now I think we all know some merchants today who try to sell us their merchandise, but not one I know of is a 'cunning Canaanite". Ephraim was Israel and surely not from Canaan.
If you are under the impression that the NKJV is just updating those terribe thee's and ye's, you are very mistaken. The NKJV is a false witness to the truth of God and a tool of the enemy to further confuse the people of God in these last days.
Isaiah 24:15 KJB - “Wherefore glorify ye the LORD in THE FIRES, even the name of the LORD God of Israel in the isles of the sea.”
“IN THE FIRES” or “IN THE EAST”, or “in INSTRUCTION” or “FOR THE LIGHTS” or “WITH A SONG” or “in PROSPERITY”?
The whole context of Isaiah chapter 24 is the coming destruction and curse upon the whole earth. Verse 6 tells us: “Therefore the curse devoured the earth, and they that dwell therein are desolate: therefore the inhabitants of the earth are burned, and few men left.
It is in the midst of this great destruction that a remnant “as the gleaning grapes” lift up their voice and sing for the majesty of the LORD (verse 14).
Then God tells them - “Wherefore glorify ye the LORD in THE FIRES, even the name of the LORD God of Israel in the isles of the sea.”
The Hebrew word for “fires” is # 217 oor and is translated as “fire” in Isaiah 31:9 “the Lord, whose FIRE is in Zion”, Isaiah 44:16 “Aha, I am warm; I have seen the FIRE”, Isaiah 47:14 “there shall not be a coal to warm at, nor a FIRE to sit before it.” and in Ezekiel 5:2 “Thou shalt burn with FIRE a third part in the midst of the city”
It is NEVER translated as many Bible Babble Buffet Versions have done, as we shall soon see.
Instead of saying “glorify ye the LORD IN THE FIRES”
The NKJV says: Therefore glorify the Lord in THE DAWNING LIGHT
Latin Vulgate - in doctrinis glorificate Dominum = Glorify the Lord IN DOCTRINE
ESV, ASV, RSV, NIV, NET, - Therefore in THE EAST[a] give glory to the Lord
ESV Footnote - Hebrew in the realm of light, or with THE FIRES
ASV Footnote: or lights, or FIRES.
The New Berkeley Version in Modern English 1969 - Therefore, glorify the LORD in THE REGIONS OF THE SUNRISE
New Berkeley Footnote: Hebrew “IN THE FIRES”
21st Century King James Version 1994, Jubilee bible, Coverdale, Great Bible, Matthew’s bible, the Bishops’ Bible and the Geneva Bible - Therefore glorify ye the Lord in the VALLEYS
So, obviously the KJB translators were aware of a very different way of translating this verse, but the KJB became the first English bible to translate this verse as “glorify ye the LORD IN THE FIRES”
Catholic Douay-Rheims, Work of God’s Children bible 2011 - Therefore glorify the Lord in INSTRUCTION
Wycliffe bible 1395 - For this thing glorify ye the Lord in TEACHINGS
The so called Greek Septuagint just omits the phrase altogether, saying: Therefore shall the glory of the Lord be in the isles of the sea
Lamsa’s 1933 translation of the Syriac - Therefore glorify the LORD WITH A SONG
The Longman Version 1841 - glorify the Lord IN THE DISTANT COASTS
Young’s 1898 - Therefore in PROSPERITY honour ye Jehovah
The Ancient Hebrew Bible 1907 Therefore glorify ye the Lord IN THE COUNTRIES
The Complete Jewish Bible - Therefore, FOR THE LIGHTS honor the Lord
Foreign Language Bibles that read like the KJB
The only Spanish Bibles I found that agree with the KJB reading are the Reina Valera Gómez bible 2010 - “Por tanto, glorificad a Jehová EN EL FUEGO”
“glorify ye the LORD IN THE FIRES”
Bibles that agree with the King James Bible and read “in THE FIRES” are the Webster Bible 1833, The Word of Yah Bible 1993 “glorify Yahweh IN THE FIRES”, The Revised Webster Bible 1995, Green’s literal 2005 - glorify Jehovah in the flames, The Hebrew Transliteration Scriptures 2010 - Wherefore glorify ye YHWH (יהוה) in the fires, The Bond Slave Version 2012 and The Biblos Bible 2013 - Glorify the Lord IN THE FIRES”
And this online Hebrew Interlinear bible - “in THE FIRES”
Matthew Henry - “1. Those who are in the fires, in the furnace of affliction, those fires by which the inhabitants of the earth are burned”
John Gill’s first explanation - “Wherefore glorify ye the Lord, in the fires,.... These are the words of the remnant, now triumphing and singing, calling upon others also to glorify the Lord in the fires of affliction and tribulation, in which they had lately been, and had themselves done.”
John Trapp Complete Commentary - “Ver. 15. Glorify ye God in the fires. In ipsis ignibus, in the hottest fires of afflictions, "rejoice in hope, be patient in tribulation"; praise God for crosses also”
Jamieson, Faussett and Brown - “in the fires- Could it mean the fires of affliction (1Pe 1:7)? They were exiles at the time. The fires only loose the carnal bonds off the soul, without injuring a hair, as in the case of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego.”
John Wesley’s Explanatory Notes - “Wherefore glorify ye the LORD in the fires, even the name of the LORD God of Israel in the isles of the sea. in distress — When you are in the furnace of affliction.”
Albert Barnes gives a variety of ways various people have translated this verse, but mentions this word “is also used to denote fire, Ezekiel 5:2; Isaiah 44:16 and Isaiah 47:14.”
Ellicott’s Commentary gives about 4 different ways it has been translated, and says: “It has been interpreted of the “fiery trial” of tribulation.”
F.B. Meyer’s Commentary - “Perhaps they stand for the fires of tribulation, in which we must glorify God.”
James Nisbet’s Church Pulpit Commentary - FAITH TRIED IN THE FIRE
‘Wherefore glorify ye the Lord in the fires.’
The suffering child of God will ‘glorify Him in the fires.’
I. By acknowledging His power.
II. By recognising His wisdom.
III. By a frank acknowledgment of His goodness.
God continues to pronounce the coming judgment upon the world. In verse 5 we read: "the BRANCH of the terrible ones shall be brought low." The branch would stand for their power and strength, which would be pruned and cut down. BRANCH is the reading of the 1936 Jewish translation, Douay, Spanish versions, Webster's translation, the KJV 21 and the Third Millenium Bible.
However the NKJV joins the NASB and NIV in saying "the SONGS of the terrible ones will be diminished."
Verse 8 "He will swallow up death IN VICTORY; and the Lord GOD will wipe away tears from off all faces." We read of this quote in I Corinthians 15:54 "then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory."
This "saying that is written" is found here in Isaiah 25:8. VICTORY is the reading of the KJB, Young's, Darby's, Rotherham's Emphatic Bible, the KJV 21, Webster's, and the Third Millenium Bible.
However again the NKJV joins the NIV, NASB in saying: " He will swallow up death FOREVER", which doesn't match the quote as found in I Cor. 15:54, even though both the NKJV and NASB have rendered this exact same word as "Victory" in I Chronicles 29:11 "Thine, 0 LORD, is the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the Victory..."
The famous LXX or Greek Septuagint the NIV, NASB keep on using instead of the Hebrew actually says "Death hath prevailed and swallowed up". Not quite the same meaning, is it?
One of my favorite verses has been botched by the nasb. 26:3 "Thou wilt keep him in perfect peace, WHOSE MIND IS STAYED ON THEE; because he trusteth in thee." This is the reading of the KJB, NKJV ASV, Revised Version, Darby, English Standard Version and others.
But the NASB of 1971 says: "Thou wilt keep THE NATION OF STEADFAST PURPOSE in perfect peace, because IT trusts in Thee." Then in 1972 the NASB changed this to read: "THE STEADFAST OF MIND thou wilt keep in perfect peace, because HE trusts in thee."
26:15 "Thou hast increased the nation, O LORD, thou hast increased the nation: thou art glorified: THOU HADST REMOVED IT FAR UNTO ALL THE ENDS OF THE EARTH." This verse refers to the nation of Israel and its history.
A couple of commentators remark about this verse.
Matthew Henry Isaiah 26:15 - They had sometimes been carried into captivity before their enemies (v. 15): "The nation which at first thou didst increase, and make to take root, thou hast now diminished, and plucked up, and removed to all the ends of the earth, driven out to the utmost parts of heaven,’’ as is threatened, Deu. 30:4; 28:64.
John Wesley - 26:15 The nation - This nation seems to be the people of Israel. Removed - Thou hast removed thy people out of their own land, and suffered them to be carried captive to the ends of the earth.
The KJB reading is the same in the 1936 Jewish translation, Darby, Wesley, KJV 21, Webster's, Third Millenium Bible and the ASV alternate reading.
However the NKJV again joins the NASB, NIV in saying: "YOU HAVE EXPANDED ALL THE BORDERS OF THE LAND." instead of "thou hadst removed it far unto all the ends of the earth".
In 26:18 the nation of Israel continues to complain "We have been with child, we have been in pain, we have as it were brought forth wind; we have not wrought any deliverance in the earth; NEITHER HAVE THE INHABITANTS OF THE WORLD FALLEN."
This is the reading of the KJB, Wycliffe 1395, the Geneva Bible 1587 - "neither did the inhabitants of the world fall.", the Douay-Rheims 1610, the RV 1881, ASV 1901, the RSV, Youngs, Darby, Douay 1950, the New Berkeley Version in Modern English 1969, the NKJV 1982, ESV 2001-2011, Holman Standard 2003, the Judaica Press Tanach - "neither do the inhabitants of the world fall.", the Common English Bible (a critical text edition)of 2011 and the Knox Bible of 2012.
Coverdale's bible says: "and the inhabitours of the worlde perish not." Foreign language bibles that follow the Hebrew text and read as does the KJB are the Spanish Sagradas Escrituras of 1569, the Spanish Reina Valera 1090, 1960, 1995 and the RV Gomez of 2010 - "ninguna liberación logramos en la tierra ni cayeron los moradores del mundo.", = "neither have the inhabitants of the earth fallen", the Italian Nuova Diodati of 1991 - "e gli abitanti del mondo non sono caduti." = "and the inhabitants of the earth are not fallen.", the Portuguese A Sagrada Biblia em Portugués and the Portuguese Almeida Corrigida E Fiel 1681 - "nem caíram os moradores do mundo."= "neither have the inhabitants of the world fallen.", the French Darby - "et les habitants du monde ne sont pas tombés" and Luther's German bible 1545 - "und die Einwohner auf dem Erdboden wollen nicht fallen."
However the NASB actually changes this to "WE HAVE NOT GIVEN BIRTH TO THE PEOPLE OF THE WORLD". The NIV 1984 edition is similar with the equally ridiculous "NOR WERE INHABITANTS OF THE WORLD BORN." However the NIV 2011 edition changed this verse once again and now it reads: "AND THE PEOPLE OF THE WORLD HAVE NOT COME TO LIFE.",which would be the exact opposite meaning of that found in the KJB, ESV, RV, ASV, etc.
The NASB concordance shows they have translated this word # 5307 as Fallen or Fall, as in Babylon is Fallen, 197 times but only once as "given birth"; and the NIV likewise has "Fall or Fallen" 237 times and only one time as "Born".
Dan "Anything but the KJB" Wallace and company's NET version also reads in a similar manner to the NASB, NIVs. It says: "We were pregnant, we strained, we gave birth, as it were, to wind. We cannot produce deliverance on the earth; people to populate the world are not born. (30). He then footnotes: "Heb “and the inhabitants of the world do not fall.”
The Voice 2012, put out by Thomas Nelson Company, the same people who give us the NKJV, reads: "WE COULDN'T MAKE IT TEEM WITH LIFE." - Again, the opposite of what even the NKJV says.
Which other version do you think reads this way? You got it. The modern Catholic New Jerusalem bible 1985 reads: "we have not given salvation to the earth, NO INHABITANTS FOR THE WORLD HAVE BEEN BROUGHT TO BIRTH." Oh, but wait. Now the 2009 Catholic Public Domain Version has come out and it has gone back to the Hebrew reading - "For this reason, THE INHABITANTS OF THE EARTH HAVE NOT FALLEN."
The RSV read as does the Hebrew and the KJB with: "AND THE INHABITANTS OF THE WORLD HAVE NOT FALLEN." However the NRSV of 1989 went with: "and NO ONE IS BORN TO INHABIT THE WORLD." But then the revision of the revision of the revision, the ESV of 2001, went back to the Hebrew reading of "AND THE INHABITANTS OF THE WORLD HAVE NOT FALLEN."
The so called Greek Septuagint version is really messed up in this verse. Instead of saying: ""We have been with child, we have been in pain, we have as it were brought forth WIND; WE HAVE NOT WROUGHT ANY DELIVERANCE in the earth; NEITHER HAVE THE INHABITANTS OF THE WORLD FALLEN." (KJB) the LXX actually says: "We have conceived, O Lord, BECAUSE OF THY FEAR, and have been in pain and have brought forth THE BREATH OF THY SALVATION, WHICH WE HAVE WROUGHT UPON THE EARTH; WE SHALL NOT FALL, BUT ALL THAT DWELL UPON THE LAND SHALL FALL."!!! The meaning of the LXX is almost the exact opposite of the Hebrew text. NO Bible version follows the so called Greek Septuagint in this verse.
However the Modern Greek Bible reads like the Hebrew text and the KJB saying: " ουδε επεσαν οι κατοικοι του κοσμου." = "neither have the inhabitants of the earth fallen."
Any time some bible agnostic tries to tell you that "Thanks to the science of textual criticism, we are now very, very close to what the originals said." you should know that he is full of baloney and hot air - not a good combination.
Jamison, Faucett and Brown remark in their commentary: neither . . . world fallen--The "world" at large, is in antithesis to Judea. The world at enmity with the city of God has not been subdued. But MAURER explains "fallen," according to Arabic idiom, of the birth of a child, which is said to fall when being born; "inhabitants of the world are not yet born"; that is, the country as yet lies desolate, and is not yet populated."
So, did the NASB, NIV follow this Arabic idiom instead of the Hebrew?
Here is the straight forward comment by Matthew Henry - neither have the inhabitants of the world, whom we have been contesting with, fallen before us, either in their power or in their hopes; but they are still as high and arrogant as ever.’’
John Gill comments - "neither have the inhabitants of the world fallen; worldly men, the great men, the kings of the earth; particularly such as commit fornication with the whore of Rome, Popish persecuting princes; these as yet are not fallen, though they shall in the battle of Armageddon."
John Calvin comments on this verse saying: "And the inhabitants of the world have not fallen. for lpn (naphal) signifies "to fall." ... if we follow the ordinary interpretation, we must view it as referring to the wicked. "The inhabitants of the world annoy us and do not fall; everything goes on prosperously with them."
The Pulpit Commentary says: "we have not effected the downfall of our heathen enemies."
Do you still think all bible say the same thing, but with different words?
Isaiah 27 A Rat's nest of Confusion
God continues to reveal His dealings with His people Israel and the world. This whole section continues to have a double fulfillment of prophesy, as many of the Old Testament Scriptures do. They speak of the past history of Israel and of the future dealings of God with His people.
27:1 "In that day the LORD with his sore and great and strong sword shall punish leviathan the piercing serpent, even leviathan that crooked serpent; and he shall slay THE DRAGON that is in the sea."
This foreshadows the final judgment upon Satan, that old serpent and the dragon. See Revelation 12:3; 13:2 and 20:2. DRAGON is the reading of even the NASB, the KJB, Geneva Bible, Young's, 1917, 1936 Jewish translations, RV, nrsv and the 2001 English Standard Version plus others. However the nkjv obscures this connection and reads "THE REPTILE" while the niv has THE MONSTER.
In the rest of the chapter, God tells us he will plant Israel in their land, chastize them because of their false worship and finally restore them to Himself in true worship.
We read in 6-8 "He shall cause them that come of Jacob to take root: Israel shall blossom and bud, and fill the face of the world with fruit.
7. HATH HE SMITTEN HIM, AS HE SMOTE THOSE THAT SMOTE HIM? OR IS HE SLAIN ACCORDING TO THE SLAUGHTR OF THEM THAT ARE SLAIN BY HIM?
8. IN MEASURE, WHEN IT SHOOTETH FORTH, thou wilt debate with it: HE STAYETH his rough wind in the day of the east wind."
Here is what I believe to be the true meaning of this passage as written by John Wesley in his commentary.
John Wesley: 27:7 Hath he - He hath not dealt so severely with his people, as he hath dealt with their enemies, whom he hath utterly destroyed. Of them - Of those who were slain by God on the behalf of Israel. 27:8 In measure - With moderation. When - When the vine shooteth forth its luxuriant branches, he cuts them off, but so as not to destroy the vine. Stayeth - He mitigates the severity of the judgment. In the day - In the time when he sends forth his east - wind; which he mentions because that wind in those parts was most violent and most hurtful.
This is pretty straight forward. God will not slay His people Israel in the same manner or degree as He slays the enemies of God and His people. He will chastize His own, but never utterly destroy them. He disciplines IN MEASURE with a view to final restoration. He STAYETH or restrains from His people the full judgment He reserves for His enemies.
The reading of verses 7 and 8 in the KJB are also found in the KJV 21, Third Millenium Bible, Webster's 1833 translation, the Spanish and in varying degrees in other versions.
However the NKJV reads in 7: "Has He struck ISRAEL (not in any text, though the "him" does refer to Israel) as He struck those who struck him? Or has He (notice the capital H) been slain according to the slaughter of those who were slain by Him?
The NKJV capitalizes the wrong H and makes it refer to God and asks if God has been slain by God. Duh.
Then the NKJV reads in verse 8: "In measure, BY SENDING IT AWAY (not - "when it shooteth forth") You contended with it. He REMOVES IT by His rough wind in the day of the east wind."
The NKJV, NASB, NIV all have translated this same word as referring to a branch or plant as "shooting forth" in Ezekiel 17:6, 7; and Eze. 31:5, 10 but here they have it as "remove", "banish" or "exile".
Does God STAY his rough wind, or REMOVE Israel? Not the same meaning at all, is it?
The NASB and NIV both make use ot the Septuagint Greek LXX instead of the Hebrew in verse 8. When He asks the question as to whether Israel was slain in the same way as the enemies, we are told "IN MEASURE".
The NASB says in verse "Or like the slaughter of His slain, have they been slain? YOU DID CONTEND WITH THEM BY BANISHING THEM, BY DRIVING THEM AWAY. With his fierce wind HE HAS EXPELLED THEM on the day of the east wind."
The NASB has omitted "In Measure", changed "when it shooteth forth" and nothing about "Staying" His rough wind, but rather has them totally expelled from the land.
The NIV reads: "Has THE LORD (not in the text) struck her as he struck down those who struck her? Has she been killed as those were killed who killed her? (Changes the meaning from God slaying the enemies to the enemies killing Israel) By WARFARE AND EXILE you contend with her-- as on a day the east wind blows."
In regards to IN MEASURE, the NIV footnote tells us to see the Septuagint, which reads "making war" and that the meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain. Both the NASB, NIV followed the LXX here. At least the NIV tells us this, but the NASB never mentions in its "scholarly notes" when they have departed from the Hebrew text. Which do you think is more deceptive?
It is of interest to note that the versions that answer the question "Did God punish Israel in the same way as He did the enemies?" with IN MEASURE, are the KJB, NKJV, 1917, 1936 Jewish translations, the Revised Version, the American Standard Version (the predecessor to the NASB fiasco), Young's literal translation, the Geneva Bible, Douay, Spanish versions, RSV of 1952 and, Lo and behold, the brand new 2001 English Standard Version. I guess the Hebrew reading that was uncertain to the NIV editors was finally cleared up in the late$t bible ver$ion and it turns out the KJB was right after all.
Isaiah 29 - 30
These two chapters continue to speak of the coming judgment upon God's people of Israel because of their sins, and their final restoration.
29: 9 says in the KJB, Webster's translation, the Third Millenium Bible and the KJV 21: "Stay yourselves, an wonder: CRY YE OUT, AND CRY: they are drunken, but not with wine; they stagger, but not with strong drink."
Instead of "cry ye out and cry" the American Standard Version says: "TAKE YOUR PLEASURE AND BE BLIND", while the NKJV joins the NIV, NASB with "BLIND YOURSELVES AND BE BLIND".
In 29:13 most versions agree with the KJB, including the nkjv, niv, ASV, RV, ESV, in saying: "Wherefore the Lord said, Forasmuch as this people draw near me with their mouth, and with their lips do honour me, but have removed their heart far from me, AND THEIR FEAR TOWARD ME IS TAUGHT BY THE PRECEPT OF MEN."
This same thought is quoted by our Lord in Matthew 15:8, 9 "In vain do they worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men." In other words, they had departed from the word of God and were following the teachings of men.
But the NASB says: "Their reverence for me consists of TRADITION LEARNED BY ROTE." The word MEN is in all Hebrew texts, but the NASB omitted it and added "by rote". Actually we are told that true doctrine is taught by rote in 28:9, 10 "and whom shall he make to understand doctrine?...For precept must be upon precept, precept upon precept: line upon line, line upon line; here a little, and there a little."
Israel knew they were about to be attacked and they turned to Egypt to hire mercenaries who would help them. In 30:7 we read: "For the Egyptians shall help in vain, and to no purpose: therefore HAVE I CRIED CONCERNING THIS, THEIR STRENGTH IS TO SIT STILL."
This is the reading of the KJB, the Geneva Bible, Young's 'literal' translation, Green's interlinear, the Douay version, the Spanish Reina Valera, Webster's, Third Millenium Bible and the KJV 21.
Matthew Henry and John Wesley comment on this verse.
30:7 Matthew Henry - Their strength is to sit still, in a humble dependence upon God and his goodness and a quiet submission to his will, and not to wander about and put themselves to great trouble to seek help from this and the other creature.’’
John Wesley - 30:7 Sit still - It is safer and better for them to sit quietly at home, seeking to me for help.
The immediate context also argues for this interpretation. We read in verse 15 "For thus saith the Lord GOD, the Holy One of Israel; In returning and rest shall ye be saved; in quietness and in confidence shall be your strength: and ye would not."
However instead of the KJB's "I cried concerning this, their strength is to sit still" the NKJV says: I HAVE CALLED HER RAHAB-HEM-SHEBETH", the NIV has "I CALL HER RAHAB THE DO-NOTHING" and the NASB says: "I HAVE CALLED HER RAHAB WHO HAS BEEN EXTERMINATED." Boy, am I glad they cleared that up for us, aren't you?
30:30 "And the LORD shall cause his glorious voice to be heard, and shall shew the lighting down of his arm, WITH THE INDIGNATION OF HIS ANGER, and with the flame of a devouring fire..."
This phrase "with the indignation of his anger" is found in the Hebrew text, the NKJV, RV, ASV, RSV, NRSV, ESV, Young's and the NIV. The NASB omitted the entire phrase in the 1972 edition, but then in 1995 they put it back in with "in fierce anger". So, which NASB is the true word of God?
The meaning of verse 31 has been changed in some of the new versions. In the KJB we read: "For through the voice of the LORD shall the Assyrian be beaten down, WHICH SMOTE WITH A ROD."
This is the reading of the Revised Version, the NKJV, Spanish Reina Valera, Geneva Bible, Webster's, Third Millenium Bible, KJV 21 and the 1936 Jewish translation.
Matthew Henry comments: "the Assyrian shall be beaten down, v. 31. The Assyrian had been himself a rod in God’s hand for the chastising of his people, and had smitten them, ch. 10:5.
In Isaiah 10:5 we read where God says: "O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, and the staff in their hand is mine indignation." God used the Assyrian to smite Israel for her disobedience.
However the NASB, NIV, ESV have reversed who smote whom and the NASB says: "Assyria will be terrified, when He (God) strikes with the rod" and the NIV has "The voice of the LORD will shatter Assyria; with his (God's) scepter he (God) will stike them down".
WHO'S WHO? - Total Confusion
Isaiah 32 - 33 tell of the threatening army of the Assyrians and of their defeat. It is also a double prophesy telling of the future troubles of God's people and their final deliverance from the forces of Antichrist.
Isaiah 32:1-2 KJB - "Behold, a king shall reign in righteousness, and princes shall rule in judgment. V.2 And A MAN shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest; as rivers of water in a dry place, as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land."
ESV (RSV, NRSV, NIV, NASB, Holman, NET) - "EACH will be like a hiding place from the wind, a shelter from the storm, like streams of water in a dry place." Then the ESV gives a false footnote saying: "Hebrew 'they'"
The Voice 2012 says: "FOR THE PEOPLE they'll be like cover from the storm, a wall against the wind."
Names of God Bible 2011 - “Then EACH RULER will be like a shelter from the wind and a hiding place from the rain.”
The Hebrew word in question here is #376 eesh (masculine). It has many different meanings, but one of the main meanings is "MAN". The first time it occurs in the entire Old Testament is in Genesis 2:23 ' "And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of MAN." (eesh # 376). The second time this word is used is in the very next verse - Genesis 2:24 "Therefore shall A MAN leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh."
The first MAN Adam was a type of the second MAN Christ. In 1 Corinthians 15:47 we read: "The first man Adam is of the earth, earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven."
The ESV is wrong and its footnote is wrong and misleading. The word eesh is translated in a wide variety of ways including "man (which is the most common meaning), husband, men, any (of us), every man, fellow, persons, goodman, every one, either of them and another (all referring to men in the contexts)
In fact the same Hebrew word is used in that great Isaiah 53 passage about Christ - "He is despised and rejected of men; A MAN of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not."
The NASB complete concordance shows that they have translated this Hebrew word eesh as "man" 753 times and as "men" 673 times and as "they" ZERO times!
Dan Wallace and company's goofy NET version reads: "Each of them (3) will be like a shelter from the wind and a refuge from a rainstorm; like streams of water in a dry region and like the shade of a large cliff in a parched land."
And then he has the chutzpah to footnote: Hebrew “a man,” but אִישׁ (’ish) probably refers here to “each” of the officials mentioned in the previous verse."
None so blind as an educated bible agnostic, huh, Dan?
"And A MAN shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest; as a river of water in a dry land, as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land."
This obviously refers ultimately to the Lord Jesus Christ, the only righteous king and the MAN who is our hiding place.
A MAN (or even "that man" - the Great Bible 1540, Bishops' bible 1568, Geneva Bible 1587 - referring back to the king who shall reign in righteousness in verse 1.) is the reading of the Wycliffe 1395, the Revised Version 1881, Julia Smith translation 1855, the ASV 1901 "And A MAN shall be as a hiding place", Darby 1890, the 1917 JPS (Jewish Publication Society), 1936 Hebrew Publishing Company Bible, the Complete Tanach, World English Bible, the NKJV 1982, Green's interlinear, KJV 21st Century 1994, the Third Millennium Bible 1998, the 2010 New Heart English Bible and the 2012 Natural Israelite Bible - "A MAN will be as a hiding place from the wind, And a cover from the tempest"
The Bible Commentators
John Gill - Verse 2. And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest,... the King Messiah before mentioned; who had agreed to become man, was promised and prophesied of as such, "as a hiding place, and covert from the wind and tempest," of his Father's wrath, raised by sin; and which all men are deserving of, and on whom it must fall, unless secured from it by Christ."
Jamieson, Faussett and Brown - 2. a man--rather, the man Christ, it is as "the Son of man" He is to reign, as it was as Son of man He suffered . NOT as MAURER explains, "every one of the princes shall be"
Adam Clarke - “It is evident, however, that in the fullest sense these words cannot be applied to any man; God alone can do all that is promised here.”
Coffman’s Commentary - “A MAN shall be a hiding place” - “There is much difference of opinion about the identity of that "King who shall reign in righteousness," which is the prominent feature of this paragraph…There are serious reasons why the theory of this "king's" being Hezekiah cannot be accepted. (1) Neither Hezekiah nor the conditions during his reign fulfill the conditions of justice, righteousness, and proper understanding and discernment by the people in all the land. "The evidence does not seem to warrant this interpretation.”…Objections to the refusal to see this as a Messianic passage are weak and ineffective. Some, of course, say that in Christ's kingdom, there are no "princes" to reign with Him. While true enough in an ordinary sense, it is nevertheless true that "all Christians" are a "royal priesthood" (1 Peter 2:9) and does not the Bible say, "He hath made us (Christians) to be kings and priests unto God.” (Rev, 1:6 KJV) and that Our Lord himself is "The prince of the kings of the earth" (Rev. 1:5) and that, "They (Christians) lived and reigned with Christ"? (Rev. 20:6).”
Thomas Coke Commentary - “as a type of Jesus Christ, the most perfect king, who was to spring from him; such as he should shew himself in his kingdom, after having avenged his church by the rulers of the Roman empire, from the tyranny of Satan, opposing and endeavouring to extirpate it: and in Isaiah 32:3-8 he sets forth the repentance and conversion of many. THERE IS NO DOUBT THAT THESE WORDS HAVE THEIR MOST COMPLETE AND FULL VERIFICATION IN THE MESSIAH."
Matthew Henry - “All this, and much more, the man Christ Jesus is to all the willing faithful subjects of his kingdom. When the greatest evils befal us, not only the wind, but the tempest, when storms of guilt and wrath beset us and beat upon us, they drive us to Christ, and in him we are not only safe, but satisfied that we are so in him we find rivers of water for those that hunger and thirst after righteousness, all the refreshment and comfort that a needy soul can desire, and the shadow, not of a tree, which sun or rain may beat through, but of a rock, of a great rock, which reaches a great way for the shelter of the traveller. Some observe here that as the covert, and the hiding-place, and the rock, do themselves receive the battering of the wind and storm, to save those from it that take shelter in them, so Christ bore the storm himself to keep it off from us."
Paul Kretzmann's Popular Commentary - "And a Man, or the Man, namely, the great Son of Man, Jesus Christ, shall be as an hiding-place from the wind, a Shelter against wind-storms, and a Covert from the tempest, a Protector against oppression; as rivers of water in a dry place, giving refreshment to the souls of the poor and wretched, as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land, where dense shade brings welcome relief to the heated traveler. This sounds the merciful invitation of the Savior, extended to all those that are heavy laden, to come unto Him and find rest for their souls, Mat.11:28-30."
However instead of A MAN, referring to Christ the God-Man, the NASB, RSV, ESV, Holman, NET says: "And EACH will be like a refuge from the wind..." and the NIV has: "EACH MAN will be like a shelter", thus removing all reference to Christ and making this apply to many different men.
Fake bible versions detract from the glory of God in the face of Jesus Christ.
"I am the LORD: that is my name: and my glory will I not give to another" Isaiah 42:8
Isaiah 33:1 "Woe to thee that spoilest, and thou wast not spoiled; and DEALEST treacherously, and they dealt not treacherously with THEE!"
THEE of course is the second person singular. 'Thee' is the reading of the KJB, RV., ASV, 1917, 1936 Jewish translations, the Geneva Bible, Young's, Webster's, while the modern counterparts like the NKJV, RSV, NRSV, ESV, and the NIV read, YOU, which is still the second person singular.
This is addressed in the first place to the Assyrian nation which conquered the lands about Israel and in turn would be judged by God. The secondary application would be to the kingdom of Antichrist.
However only the NASB has changed the "and dealest treacherously and they dealt not treacherously with THEE" to "And HE who is treacherous, while others did not deal treacherously with HIM" - thus altering the second person 'thee' to the third person 'him'.
Verse 2. "O LORD, be gracious unto us; we have waited for thee: be thou THEIR arm every morning, our salvation also in the time of trouble."
The "THEIR arm" refers back to verse one where Assyria is addressed and told "THEY shall deal tracherously with thee." The Babylonians were sent by God to judge the Assyrian empire. The Chaldeans will do the same to the Assyrians, as the Assyrians did to Israel, and the Medes and Persians will do the same to the Chaldeans, and all of this is under the direct control of the God who rules the nations. God is their arm. They are but a tool and an instrument in the hands of God and He brings them to destroy the oppressor.
"THEIR arm" is the reading of the KJB, NKJV, 1917, 1936 Jewish translations, Geneva, Young's, Spanish, NASB and others. But the NIV, RSV, ASV, and ESV all say OUR arm or OUR strength, with a footnote in the RSV and ASV telling us that the Hebrew actually reads "their" and not 'our'.
The passage continues with the destruction of the enemies of God's people and the restoration of Israel. "The LORD is exalted; for he dwelleth on high: he hath filled Zion with judgment and righteousness. And wisdom and knowledge shall be the stability of thy times, and strength of salvation: the fear of the LORD is HIS treasure."
Isaiah 33:6 "And wisdom and knowledge shall be the stability of thy times, and strength of salvation"
In the NASB and NIV this becomes: "And HE shall be the stability of your times, a wealth of salvation, wisdom, and knowledge".
Also there is much dispute concerning who is being referred to by this last phrase - "the fear of the LORD is his treasure." Rather than just translating the phrase as the KJB and the Hebrew have it, many modern versions have added their own interpretation.
'The fear of the LORD is his treasure' is the reading of the KJB, Geneva, NASB, and the RSV. I think the 'his' refers back to Israel whom God has restored, but in any case, we should leave the text as it stands.
The NKJV has: "the fear of the Lord is His treasure" capitalizing the H in He, thus making this refer to God. That doesn't seem to make much sense.
The ASV has "fear of the LORD is THY treasure" with a footnote saying the Hebrew says 'his'.
The NSRV, and the 2001 English Standard Version say: "the fear of the LORD is ZION'S treasure" with a footnote saying 'Hebrew - his'.
Then the NIV changes everything, follows no Hebrew text, and comes up with: "the fear of the LORD IS THE KEY TO THIS treasure."
Isaiah 33:6 and the Bible Babble Buffet Versions
KJB - “And wisdom and knowledge shall be the stability of thy times, and strength of salvation: the fear of the Lord is his treasure.”
ESV (NASB, NIV) - “and he will be the stability of your times, abundance of salvation, wisdom, and knowledge; the fear of the Lord is Zion's[a] treasure.” ft. Hebrew - his.
ASV 1901 - “And there shall be stability in thy times, abundance of salvation, wisdom, and knowledge: the fear of Jehovah is [b]thy treasure.” Ft. Hebrew - his.
Holman Christian Standard 2017 - “There will be times of security for you— a storehouse of salvation, wisdom, and knowledge. The fear of the Lord is Zion’s treasure.”
Geneva Bible 1599 - “And there shall be stability of [a]the times, strength, salvation, wisdom, and knowledge: for the fear of the Lord shall be his treasure.”
Tree of Life Version 2015 - “It will be your time of faithfulness, a wealth of salvation, wisdom and knowledge— the fear of Adonai is His treasure.”
World English Bible 2000 - “There will be stability in your times, abundance of salvation, wisdom, and knowledge. The fear of Yahweh is your treasure.”
Young’s 1898 - “ And hath been the stedfastness of thy times, The strength of salvation, wisdom, and knowledge, Fear of Jehovah -- it [is] His treasure.”
Rotherham’s Emphasized bible 1902 - “So shall a wealth of deliverances, wisdom and knowledge, become the stability of thy times, - the reverence of Yahweh, the game is his treasure.”
Bible in Basic English 1961 - “And she will have no more fear of change, being full of salvation, wisdom, and knowledge: the fear of the Lord is her wealth.”
Matthew’s Bible 1540 - “Let trueth and faythfulnesse be in her tyme: power, health, wisdome, knowledge and the feare of God are her treasure.”
The Geneva Bible 1599 -“And there shall be stabilitie of thy times, strength, saluation, wisdome and knowledge: for the feare of the Lord shalbe his treasure.”
Lamsa’s 1933 translation of the Syraic Peshitta - “And faith shall be the stability of your times, and your salvation in a place of refuge; wisdom and knowledge and the reverence of the LORD is his treasure.”
The Complete Tanach 2004 - “And the faith of your times shall be the strength of salvations, wisdom and knowledge; fear of the Lord, that is his treasure.”
The JPS (Jewish Publication Society) 1917 - “And the stability of thy times shall be a hoard of salvation - wisdom and knowledge, And the fear of the LORD which is His treasure.”
God’s First Truth 1999 - “Let truth and faithfulness be in her time: power, health, wisdom, knowledge and the fear of God are her treasure.”
The New English Septuagint Translation 2014 - “By law they will be handed over. Our salvation is in treasures:
wisdom and knowledge and piety toward the Lord are there; these are the treasures of righteousness.”
The New European Version 2010 - “There will be stability in your times, abundance of salvation, wisdom, and knowledge. The fear of Yahweh is your treasure.”
The Far Above All Translation 2014 - “And the abundance of acts of salvation, wisdom and knowledge will be the mainstay of your times, And fear of the Lord will be his treasure.”
King James Bible
KJB - “And wisdom and knowledge shall be the stability of thy times, and strength of salvation: the fear of the Lord is his treasure.”
Agreeing with the King James Bible are The Great Bible 1540, the Bishops’ Bible 1568, the Webster Bible 1833, The Lesser O.T. 1835, The Julia Smith Translation 1855, The Bill Bible 1671, The Longman Version 1841, The Smith Bible 1876, The Sharpe Bible 1883, The Ancient Hebrew Bible 1907 - “And wisdom and knowledge shall be the stability of thy times”, the NKJV 1982 - “Wisdom and knowledge will be the stability of your times, And the strength of salvation; The fear of the Lord is His treasure.”, The Third Millennium Bible 1998, New Heart English Bible 2010, The Hebrew Transliteration Scripture 2010 - “And wisdom and knowledge shall be the stability of thy times, and strength of salvation: the fear of YHWH (יהוה) is his treasure.”, The Bond Slave Version 2012, The Biblos Bible 2013 and the Hebrew Names Version 2014.
The Modern Greek Bible also agrees with the KJB - Σοφια δε και επιστημη θελουσιν εισθαι η στερεωσις των καιρων σου και η σωτηριος δυναμις· ο φοβος του Κυριου, αυτος ειναι ο θησαυρος αυτου. = “Wisdom and knowledge will be the strength of your times….
Jewish Virtual Library The Tanakh [Full Text] 1998
Isaiah 33:6 And wisdom and knowledge shall be the stability of thy times, and strength of salvation: the fear of the LORD is his treasure.
Foreign Language Bibles = KJB
The Spanish Sagradas Escrituras 1569 and the Spanish Reina Valera 1960 - “Y reinarán en tus tiempos la sabiduría y la ciencia, y abundancia de salvación; el temor de Jehová será su tesoro.”
The Italian La Nuova Diodati 1991 - “e sarà la sicurezza dei tuoi giorni, la forza della salvezza, sapienza e conoscenza; il timore dell'Eterno sarà il suo tesoro.”
The Portuguese Almeida Corrigida 2009 - “ E haverá estabilidade nos teus tempos, abundância de salvação, sabedoria e ciência; e o temor do Senhor será o seu tesouro.”
The French Martin Bible 1744 - “Et la certitude de ta durée, et la force de tes délivrances sera la sagesse et la science; la crainte de l'Eternel sera son trésor.”
The Modern Greek Bible also agrees with the KJB - Σοφια δε και επιστημη θελουσιν εισθαι η στερεωσις των καιρων σου και η σωτηριος δυναμις· ο φοβος του Κυριου, αυτος ειναι ο θησαυρος αυτου. = “Wisdom and knowledge will be the strength of your times….
In Isaiah 33: 8 the NIV again clearly departs from the Hebrew text and follows a Dead Sea Scrolls reading in this verse, yet it did NOT follow other DSS readings in this same chapter. And many other modern critical text versions do not agree with the NIV's choice, as we shall soon see.
We read in the KJB a description of the destruction caused by Sennacherib, king of Assyria, who had previously made a covenant with Israel not to invade the land, but later changed his mind and came against them to destroy. See II Kings 18:14-17.
Isaiah 33:8 says: "The highways lie waste, the wayfaring man ceaseth: he hath broken the covenant, he hath despised THE CITIES, he regardeth no man."
The CITIES is the reading of the Hebrew Masoretic text and Wycliffe 1395, Coverdale 1535, Bishops' Bible 1568, the Geneva Bible 1587, the Douay-Rheims 1610, the KJB, NKJB 1982, NASB 1995, 1917 Jewish Publication Society, 1936 Hebrew Publishing Company version, Darby 1890, the Douay 1950, the Hebrew Names Version, The Amplified Bible 1987, The Complete Jewish Bible 1998, The Sacred Scriptures Family of Yah 2001, The Judaica Press Tanach 2004, Jubilee Bible 2010, Knox Bible 2012, Lexham English Bible 2012, Orthodox Jewish Bible 2011 and the ESVs 2001 and 2011 editions.
Also following the Hebrew Masoretic text - "he hath despised THE CITIES" are The Hebraic Transliteration Scripture 2010, The Holy Scriptures VW Edition 2010, The Online Interlinear 2010 (André de Mol), the Biblos interlinear Bible 2011, The Work of God's Children Illustrated Bible 2011, the Interlinear Hebrew-Greek Scriptures 2012 (Mebust), The Natural Israelite Bible 2012, The World English Bible 2012, and the Modern English Version 2014.
However the NIVs 1984-2011, RSV 1952, and NRSV 1989 say: "The treaty is broken, ITS WITNESSES are despised", then give us a footnote telling us this reading of 'witnesses' comes from the Dead Sea Scrolls, but that the Hebrew Masoretic text says "cities".
Please notice that the previous liberal RSV and NRSV went with the DSS. reading "witnesses" (RSV 1952) and "OATHS are despised" (NRSV 1989), but then the ESV 2001-2011 went back to the Traditional Hebrew Masoretic text reading of "cities".
The Common English Bible 2011 (another Critical text version) also rejects the traditional Hebrew reading and has "SOLEMN PLEDGES were broken". It then footnotes "Correction; or cities; DSS - witnesses." This perversion doesn't even follow the DSS reading, but paraphrases it. You see, you have to make enough changes in order to get your copyright and make some money.
The Catholic Connection
Also notice that the previous Catholic versions of the Douay-Rheims 1610 and the Douay of 1950 stuck with the Hebrew Masoretic reading of "cities", but the Catholic New Jerusalem Bible of 1985 rejected the traditional Hebrew text and went with "WITNESSES held in contempt" and then footnotes that the Hebrew reads "cities".
But once again, now the 2009 Catholic Public Domain Version has come out and it goes BACK to the Hebrew reading and says: "He has tossed aside CITIES."
Not only do many critical text editions not agree with the NIV's choice to follow this particular DSS reading, but we see the typical "toss the dice and see what come up" mentality in the NIV itself.
These same Dead Sea Scrolls in this same chapter of Isaiah 33 also say "AT THY SILENCE nations scattered" in 33:3. Yet the Hebrew Masoretic text AND the NIV 1984-2011, ESV 2001-2011, NASB, Holman 2003 all say "AT THE LIFTING UP OF THYSELF the nations were scattered."
Dan Wallace and company's goofy NET version also follows this particular DSS reading in 33:8 and paraphrases the whole section saying: "Highways are empty, there are no travelers.Treaties are broken, WITNESSES are despised "(22). He then footnotes: "The Hebrew text reads literally, “he despises cities.” The term עָרִים (’arim, “cities”) is probably a corruption of an original עֵדִים (’edim, “[legal] witnesses”), a reading that is preserved in the Qumran scroll."
You see, Dan Wallace and others like him think something is "PROBABLY A CORRUPTION", but others who know just as much Hebrew disagree with him and go with the traditional Hebrew reading.
Did Dan Wallace's company also decide to follow the Dead Sea Scroll reading of "AT YOUR SILENCE the nations were scattered" in verse 3? No, they did not. They stuck with the Hebrew Masoretic text there and paraphrased it as: "the nations scatter WHEN YOU SPRING INTO ACTION!"
This is how their "science" of textual criticism really works! Most Christians today have only "a PROBABLE Bible" and that is why there is such widespread unbelief in the infallibility of the Scriptures.
The International Standard Version 2014 also rejects the Hebrew text and says "he despises THEIR WITNESSES", and then footnotes that the Masoretic Text says "CITIES".
But the International Standard Version DID adopt the Dead Sea Scroll reading in Isaiah 33:3 (even though the NASB, NIV, ESV, and NET did not) and says: “AT YOUR SILENCE your silence,[a] the nations scatter.”
Then it tells us in a footnote that “AT YOUR SILENCE” comes from a Dead Sea Scrolls reading, but that the Masoretic text reads ‘WHEN YOU RISE UP” and that the Greek Septuagint has “FROM FEAR OF YOU.” So now you can have great confidence in knowing what God REALLY said, right?
Do you see how the “scholar game” is played?
Get yourself the Bible God has born witness to like no other as His complete and infallible words - the Authorized King James Holy Bible. You will never go wrong.
In verses 10, 11 God tells us: "Now will I rise, saith the LORD; now will I be exalted: now will I lift up myself. Ye shall conceive chaff, ye shall bring forth stubble: YOUR breath, as fire, shall devour you."
God is still addressing the enemies of Israel and tells of their ultimate destruction. Some have commented thus on the phrase "YOUR breath, as fire, shall devour you":
33:11 John Wesley - . Your breath - Your rage against my people shall bring ruin upon yourselves.
John Gill- Verse 11. your breath [as] fire shall devour you; your rage, wrath, and fury, against the saints; your blasphemy against God and Christ shall be the reason why the fire of God's wrath shall consume you.
Matthew Henry - your malignant breath, the threatenings and slaughter you breathe out against the people of God, this shall devour you, and your blasphemous breath against God and his name."
YOUR breath is the reading of the KJB, NKJV, 1917, 1936, ESV, ASV, RSV, NRSV, RV, NIV, and many others, But the NASB again goes contrary to the Hebrew and says: MY breath will consume you like a fire."
So what we see in this section is a total mix up of Who's Who.
32:2 KJB - A MAN shall be as an hiding place; NASB /NIV/ESV - EACH MAN
33:1 KJB - THEE or You - NASB -Him
33:6 KJB -Wisdom and stability; NASB, NIV - He
33:6 KJB - his treasure ; NKJV - His treasure; ESV - Zion's treasure ; NIV - is the key to this treasure
33:11 KJB - your breath; NASB - My breath
So- are all bibles "reliable translations"? I'll stick with the Holy Bible God has given us.
Just a few comparisons in this chapter alone between the KJB and the NKJV will show that the NKJV has changed far more than Thee and Ye. I'm not going to get into all the different renderings in the various versions, but only compare the KJB with the NKJV here.
Verse 6, 7 KJB "it is made fat with fatness", "made fat with fatness"
NKJV "made overflowing with fatness", "saturated with fatness"
V. 7 KJB unicorns - Nkjv - wild goats
V. 11 KJB - bittern (a bird) - NKJV - porcupine
V. 13 KJB - dragons / owls - NKJV - jackals / ostriches
V. 14 KJB the satyr / the screech owl - NKJV - the wild goat / night creature
V. 15 KJB the great owl / vultures - NKJV - the arrow snake / hawks
In verse 16 we read: "Seek ye out of the book of the LORD, and read: no one of these shall fail, none shall want her mate: for MY mouth it hath commanded, and his spirit it hath gathered them.”
MY mouth is the reading of the KJB, NKJV, ASV, RV, 1917, 1936 Jewish translations, Douay, Darby, Young's, Green's interlinear, and the Hebrew Names Version plus several others.
The NASB and NIV both read: "For HIS mouth has given the order" while the RSV, NRSV, and the new ESV all read, "the mouth OF THE LORD has commanded it." These words "of the LORD" are not found in the Hebrew Masoretic text. The ESV, RSV are following other texts here but they don't tell you which ones. The Septuagint reads "the Lord" (ho Kurios) but it omits the word 'mouth'.
This chapter deals with the restoration and blessings of God's people under the gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ.
35:1 "The wilderness and the solitary place shall be glad for them; and the desert shall rejoice, and blossom AS THE ROSE."
"AS THE ROSE" is the reading of the Geneva Bible, the NKJV, the ASV, Revised Version, Darby's, Young's, Spanish Reina Valera, Italian Diodati, 1917, 1936 Jewish translations, Webster's, and others.
However the NASB, NIV, RSV, and ESV read: "blossom AS THE CROCUS."
This word is # 2261 and it occurs only twice in the entire Hebrew O.T. The other time is in the Song of Solomon 2:1 where the NASB, NIV, and ESV all read as does the KJB: "I am the rose of Sharon".
I believe these changes for changes sake are deplorable. In verse 3 we read, "Strengthen ye the WEAK HANDS". This is the reading of the Hebrew, the ASV, RV, NKJV, and the NIV, but the NASB says: "Encourage THE EXHAUSTED"; yet when quoting this verse in Hebrews 12:12 the NASB goes back to "weak hands".
In verse 6 we read of "streams in the DESERT" which is the reading of the ASV, RV, NKJV, NIV, and others, but the NASB says: "streams in the ARABAH." Much clearer, huh?
In verse 7 we read of the "habitation of DRAGONS". Yet the NASB, NIV, NKJV, and ESV, all have JACKALS instead of dragons. The word here is the plural masculine #8577 taneem, yet the NASB and ESV have translated the singular masculine of this same word as dragon in Isaiah 27:1. Go figure.
Isaiah 35:8 "the wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err therein"
What really galls me is what the new versions have done to Isaiah 35:8 Here we read these beautiful and comforting words: "And an highway shall be there, and a way, and it shall be called The way of holiness; the unclean shall not pass over it; but it shall be for THOSE: the wayfaring men, THOUGH FOOLS, shall not err therein."
I believe this verse teaches that there will be an highway for the redeemed to walk on and even though they may be fools, they shall not err. If we are among the redeemed by the blood of Jesus Christ, He will keep us secure even though we, in and of ourselves, are at times foolish.
What a comfort and encouragement to our souls. We are all foolish at times. All of us make dumb mistakes, and do not think clearly nor act with wisdom all too often. But praise God He chooses the foolish things of this world to confound the wise - I Cor. 1:27, even though “the children of this world are in their generation wiser than the children of light”- Luke 16:8, God hides His truths from the wise and prudent and reveals them unto babes.
Versions that read like the KJB are the Geneva Bible, the ASV, RV, 1917, 1936, Young's, Darby's, Spanish, RSV, NRSV, and the ESV of 2001 reads: "even if they are fools, they shall not go astray."
Some in the past have commented:
35:8 John Gill -the wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err therein; or travellers; such the saints are, they are strangers, pilgrims, and sojourners here;: now these, though they may not have that sharpness of wit, ... and though they may not have that clear and distinct knowledge of Gospel truths as others yet shall not err as to the way of salvation; and though they may err or mistake in some things, yet not in the way of salvation by Christ is so plain a way, that he that has any spiritual understanding of it shall not err in it.
John Wesley - Though fools - The way shall be so plain and strait, that even the most foolish travelers cannot easily mistake it.
Matthew Henry - though fools, of weak capacity in other things, shall have such plain directions from the word and Spirit of God in this way that they shall not err therein; not that they shall be infallible even in their own conduct, or that they shall in nothing mistake,...but shall get well to their journey's end.
However when we get to the NASB we now read: "the unclean will not travel on it, But it will be for him (not the correct 'those' or them) who walks that way, And fools will not wander on it."
The NAS “fools will not wander on it” seems to be saying fools will not get on it occasionally but the NIV is even worse.
The NIV has: “And a highway will be there, it will be called the Way of Holiness, The unclean will not journey on it; it will be for those who walk in that Way; WICKED FOOLS WILL NOT GO ABOUT ON IT."
There is no word for “wicked” in Hebrew, and the NIV is teaching that there will be no fools on the highway- the exact opposite of the KJB and others.
If you are a Christian, and can honestly admit that you are sometimes foolish, then there is no comfort or assurance that you are a child of God and among the redeemed if you believe the NIV. According to the NIV in Deut 32:5 you may once be a child of God, and then no longer be His child- gone is the eternal security of the believer who has been redeemed by the precious blood of Christ. You had better watch your step!
In these chapters, besides some renderings that are totally different from the King James Bible, we see instances of where the NASB and NIV depart from the Hebrew Masoretic Text and follow the Dead Sea Scrolls or another text.
In 37:20 we read: "Now therefore. O LORD our God, save us from his hand, that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that thou art the LORD, even thou only."
This is the reading of the Hebrew Masoretic text, the KJB, Geneva Bible, the ASV, RV, RSV, NRSV, 1917, 1936 Jewish translations, the NKJV, and the 2001 English Standard Version.
However here both the NASB and NIV have added the word "God". In the NIV and NASB we read, ". . . so all the kingdoms on earth may know that you alone, O LORD ARE GOD." The NIV at least tells us in a footnote that these extra words "are God" come from the DSS, but that the Masoretic Text does not say this. The NASB here, and in at least 40 other places in the O.T., makes a change in the text but doesn't tell the reader they have done so.
37:25 is another case of where the NIV has added words to the Masoretic Text but this time the NASB did not do so. See how inconsistent the new versions are? What one version accepts another rejects.
In 37:25 it is as though the Assyrian king Sennacherib is boasting of his conquests and he says: "I have digged * and drunk water: and with the sole of my feet have I dried up all the rivers of THE BESIEGED PLACES."
ONLY the NIV adds 4 extra words to the text here with "I have digged WELLS IN FOREIGN COUNTRIES, and drunk water." Then in a footnote they tell us this reading comes from the Dead Sea Scrolls, but that the Hebrew Masoretic text does not contain these words. The 2001 ESV has also rejected these extra words, so again the "latest findings" differ from the previous NIV.
You may not consider these changes to be of importance, but I believe God does. He has repeatedly warned us in Scriptures not to add to nor to take away from His words and He will deal with in a very severe manner with those that do so.
In chapter 38 we read of the sickness of king Hezekiah, the miraculous sign of the sun going backward ten degrees in the sundial, his physical restoration, and the great confession of the forgiveness of his sins.
In 38:8 God tells us: "Behold, I will bring again the shadow of the DEGREES, which is gone down in the SUN DIAL of Ahaz, ten DEGREES backward".
The reading of the SUN DIAL, or dial, of Ahaz going back ten DEGREES is the reading of the KJB, the NKJV, ASV (the predecessor of the NASB), the RV, Geneva Bible, Italian Diodati, Spanish Reina Valera, the Douay, RSV, NRSV, and the new ESV.
However in both the NIV and the NASB the degrees become stairs and the sundial becomes a stairway. In them we read: "I will cause the shadow ON THE STAIRWAY, which has gone down with the sun on THE STAIRWAY of Ahaz, to go back ten STEPS." Say what?
Also what king Hezekiah says has been totally garbled. In the KJB, Geneva, Young's, 1936 Jewish, Webster's translation, Third Millenium Bible, and the KJV 21 Hezekiah says: "I said IN THE CUTTING OFF OF MY DAYS, I shall go to the gates of the grave."
The NKJV and NIV say: " I said IN THE PRIME OF MY LIFE": while the NASB has : "in the middle of my life". 'Cutting off" is # 1824 and is a noun found only once. It comes from the verb #1820 to cut off, cut down, destroy, to cause to cease. Days is # 3117 yohm, literally - days.
In verse 12 Hezekiah continues with these words. "Mine AGE is departed" and so read the Revised Version, Third Millenium Bible, Webster's and the KJV 21. The NKJV is close with "my life span" is gone. But the NASB and NIV say, "My DWELLING (house - niv) is pulled up"
He contines with "he will cut me off with PINING SICKNESS". This is the reading of the KJB, TMB, Websters, KJV 21, and Spanish. Young's has 'weakness' which is pretty close.
However the NKJV, NIV, and NASB say: "He cuts me off FROM THE LOOM".
In the KJB we read Hezekiah saying in 38:17 "Behold, for peace I had great bitterness; BUT THOU HAST IN LOVE TO MY SOUL delivered it from the pit of corruption: for thou hast cast all my sins behind thy back."
Isn't that a beautiful and comforting truth? God loves us and forgives all our sins.
"THOU HAST IN LOVE to my soul" is the reading of the KJB, NKJV, NIV, Jewish translations, ASV, RV, and others. However, the NASB joins the RSV and NRSV and says simply: "It is You who have KEPT my soul from the pit of nothingness." The NASB leaves out the central idea of the love of God in doing what He does for us. Also the pit of nothingness is not the same as the pit of corruption.
The NASB never tells you when they depart from the Masoretic text, but the RSV and NRSV both have a footnote that tells us to compare the Greek and the Vulgate for this reading of 'kept' or 'held back', but that the Hebrew Masoretic text says 'love'.
The NASB may be following an obscure corrupt manuscript here. Only one letter needs to be altered in this word to change it from 'love' to 'keep'. However the NASB concordance shows that they have translated this same word as 'to love' and 'set thy love", yet only once as 'kept'.
All Bibles are not the same. The King James Bible is the only one that always follows the Hebrew Masoretic text.
There are so many little things that are changed here and there throughout these chapters that alter the meaning, it is difficult to decide which ones are worth mentioning. I will note just a few of the many.
Isaiah, chapter 40 begins the section of this book that reveals so much truth concerning the Messiah, the Lord Jesus Christ, and the gospel of His saving work for His people.
In verse 9 we read of Zion and Jerusalem bringing good tidings to the cities of Judah. The gospel began to be published from the center of Jerusalem and went from there to the ends of the earth. In Acts 1:8 the risen Lord tells the apostles: "and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth."
Verse 9. "O Zion, THAT BRINGEST GOOD TIDINGS, get thee up into the high mountain; O Jerusalem, THAT BRINGEST GOOD TIDINGS, lift up thy voice with strength; lift it up, be not afraid; say unto the cities of Judah, Behold your God."
The fact that it is Zion and Jerusalem that bring the good tidings is the reading of the KJB, NKJV, NASB, ESV, NRSV, RSV, Young's, Spanish, Geneva Bible, Darby, and others.
However the NIV reads as though someone else is bringing the good tiding TO Zion and Jerusalem. The NIV says: "YOU WHO BRING GOOD TIDINGS TO Zion, go up on a high mountain. YOU WHO BRING GOOD TIDINGS TO Jerusalem, lift up your voice with a shout..."
It is amazing to me just how many old, familiar verses are totally messed up in the modern versions. One such verse is Isaiah 40:22. This verse proves that the earth is round and not flat.
The reading of the KJB, RV, ASV, NIV, NKJV, Young's, Geneva, ESV, and others have the word CIRCLE in it. Speaking of God it says: "It is he that sitteth upon the CIRCLE of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grasshoppers."
However the NASB of 1972 and 1977 says, "It is He who sits above the VAULT of the earth". Now there are lots of different kinds of vaults. There is the barrel vault, the cross vault, the Welsh vault, and the cloister vault, none of which form a circle. Then there is the pole vault, the bank vault, and the burial vault. The NASB of 1995 did change this back to circle, but one wonders which NASB is the real word of God because they change hundreds of words from one edition to the next.
Likewise other familiar verses are dramatically changed in the NASB. In Deut. 33:22 we read, "Thy SHOES shall be iron and brass, and as thy days, SO SHALL THY STRENGTH BE." God will give us the strength to face the trials of each day. This is the reading of the Geneva Bible, NKJV, NIV, ASV, RV, Young's, RSV, and others.
The NASB says: "Your LOCKS will be iron and brass, and according to your days, SO WILL YOUR LEISURELY WALK BE." Did God promise us a "leisuerly walk" through the park? That hasn't been the experience of most Christians I know.
Psalms 46:10, "BE STILL, and know that I am God." "Be Still" is the reading of the KJB, NKJV, ASV, RV, RSV, NRSV, Geneva, Young's, Darby, NIV, and others, but the NASB says: "CEASE STRIVING, and know that I am God."
Exodus 14:25 tells us that God TOOK OFF the chariot wheels of Pharoah's pursuing army as they crossed the Red Sea. "the LORD looked unto the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of the cloud, and troubled the host of the Egyptians, And TOOK OFF their chariot wheels, that they drave them heavily." Took off is the reading of the KJB ,NKJV, NIV, ASV, RV, Geneva, Spanish, and many others.
But the NASB says "He CAUSED their chariot wheels TO SWERVE", while the English Standard Version says, "He CLOGGED their chariot wheels". The ESV 2001 has a footnote that says this is the reading of the Samaritan Pentateuch, Greek LXX, and Syriac but that the Hebrew reads "removed".
In Exodus 25:5 we read that part of the tent of the tabernacle in the wilderness was to made of BADGER'S SKINS. This is the reading of the KJB, nkjv, Geneva Bible, Young's, Darby's, Spanish, Diodati, TMB, KJV 21, Webster's, and the 1936 Jewish translation.
However the NASB says these were PORPOISE SKINS, the NIV says SEA COWS, and the 2001 ESV says they were GOAT SKINS. Now, in the wilderness it was probably somewhat difficult to gather badger's skins, but how hard do you think it would have been to find porpoises or sea cows out there?
These are just a few of many examples where precious, beautiful verses of God's holy words are being changed and few people seem to care.
God speaks of judgment in verses 13-15 "The LORD shall go forth as a mighty man, he shall stir up jealousy like a man of war: he shall cry, yea, roar; he shall prevail against his enemies. I have long time holden my peace; I have been still, and refrained myself: now will I cry like a travailing woman; I WILL DESTROY AND DEVOUR AT ONCE. I will make wast mountains and hills, and dry up all their herbs"
"I will destroy and devour at once" is the reading of the KJB, Geneva Bible, Young's, Webster's 1833 translation, the KJV 21, Third Millenium bible and the Spanish Reina Valera. However the nkjv joins the niv, nasb and says: "I WILL PANT AND GASP AT ONCE". Is God tired like an old man? Or will He destroy and devour His enemies effortlessly?
42:19 who is blind as HE THAT IS PERFECT, and blind as the LORD'S servant?
John Gill - "who is blind, as he that is perfect? who pretended to be so, as the young man who thought he had kept all the commandments, and as Saul before conversion, and all the Pharisees, those self-righteous persons who needed no repentance, and yet who so blind as they? and indeed, had they not been blind to themselves, they could never have thought themselves perfect;
Matthew Henry - " Who is blind as he that in profession and pretension is perfect, that should come nearer to perfection than other people, their priests and prophets? The one prophesies falsely, and the other bears rule by their means; and who so blind as those that will not see when they have the light shining in their faces?"
HE THAT IS PERFECT is the reading of the KJB, nkjv, 1936 Jewish translation, Geneva Bible, Spanish 1602 Reina Valera, KJV 21, Third Millenium Bible, and Webster's translation, but the NIV says: "Who is blind like THE ONE COMMITTED TO ME?" while the NASB asks: " Who is blind as HE THAT IS AT PEACE WITH ME?"
43:22 God reproves His people with these words: "But thou hast not called upon me, O Jacob; but THOU HAST BEEN WEARY OF ME, O Israel." The people were weary of God. This is the reading of the KJB, the nkjv, nasb, ASV, ESV, etc. but the NIV says: "You have not wearied yourselves for me."
The NIV says they hadn't worked themselves to a frazzle for God instead of them being wearied with God. Not the same meaning at all, is it?
God continues His rebuke of His people in 43:27 with: "Thy first father hath sinned, and thy TEACHERS have transgressed against me." There was much false teaching among the Jews just as there is much false teaching today. The teachers transgress against the Lord.
TEACHERS is the reading of the KJB, Geneva, ASV, 1936, Douay, Hebrew Names Version, the KJV 21, Third M. Bible, Webster's, and the Spanish. But the NKJV obscures this by reading MEDIATORS. Mediators would perhaps be those who tried to make peace with other nations, but this shifts the blame from the false teachers as we have them today who use false bibles. The NIV and NASB say: SPOKESMEN instead of teachers, thus again making it the political leaders rather than the spiritual leaders who are transgressing against the Lord.
I believe the new versions needlessly change the meaning of many words. The NIV and NASB are just as guilty but I will focus on the NKJV and its translation of the word #4975 loins. The loins of a man are his strength and this word describes the area from the stomach region to the thighs. The KJB always translates this word as loins or sometimes as side as in a sword girt about his side.
The NKJV also translates this word as loins in Isaiah 11:5; 20:2, and 21:3, but when we get to Isaiah 45:1, they completely change it as they do in several other places.
The KJB reads: "Thus saith the LORD to his anointed, to Cyrus, whose right hand I have holden, to subdue nations before him; and I will loose the LOINS of kings, to open before him the two leaved gates; and the gates shall not be shut."
God will use Cyrus, the king of Persia, to conquer other kings and nations. The loins of the kings would be their own strength and sometimes this happened in a literal sense as when Babylon was conquered by Persia.
In Daniel 5:6 we read of kind Belshazar who saw the writing on the wall that told of his doom, that "the joints of his loins were loosed, and his knees smote one against another."
LOINS is the reading of the KJB, ASV, RV, Young's, NASB, Geneva Bible, and others. The NKJV joins the NIV and says: "and loose the ARMOR of kings", and the English Standard Version of 2001 says, "to loose the BELTS of kings".
Likewise the NKJV substitutes waist for loins many times, as well as flanks, backs (Ps. 66:11), hips, herself (Pro. 31:17), bodies (Ezek. 44:18), hear (Ezek. 21:6), and instead of "gird thy loins" (Jer. 1:17), the NKJV says, prepare yourself .
I believe all of these are instances of changing things for the sake of change; not to make the text more accurate. The NKJV does this type of thing repeatedly with many words. I'll stick with my King James Bible.
Isaiah 47, 48
In chapter 47 the Lord is pronouncing judgment upon Babylon. In verse 3 God says: "Thy nakedness shall be uncovered, yea, thy shame shall be seen: I will take vengeance, and I will not MEET THEE AS A MAN."
In other words, God Himself will bring His mighty fury against Babylon. In the first instance He moved other nations to come against Babylon, and in the final fulfillment of this prophesy it is the Lord Jesus Christ who will bring the final judgment upon the spiritual Babylon. A mere man could perhaps be resisted, but when God is behind the judgment there is no way of escape.
"I will not meet thee as a man" is the reading of the KJB, Geneva Bible, Young's, Green's interlinear, Webster's 1833 translation and the KJV 21. The NKJV says: "I will not ARBITRATE WITH A MAN." This is obviously not the same meaning as the KJB.
The NASB says "I WILL NOT SPARE A MAN", while the NIV has "I will SPARE NO ONE." Again, not every person in the whole kingdom of Babylon perished though the kingdom did fall.
In chapters 48 and 49 we will see several examples of how the NASB, NIV and even the NKJV depart from the Hebrew Masoretic text.
Isaiah 48:1 "waters", "loins" or "seed"?
Isaiah 48:1 KJB - "Here ye this, O house of Jacob, which are called by the name of Israel, and are ome forth out of the WATERS of Judah..."
The word here in the Hebrew Masoretic text is cleary WATERS of Judah, and is so rendered by the KJB, Wycliffe 1395, the Geneva Bible - "Heare yee this, O house of Iaakob, which are called by the name of Israel, and are come out of THE WATERS of Iudah", the Douay-Rheims of 1610, The Jewish Family Bible 1864, the Revised Version 1881, ASV 1901, Rotherham's Emphasized bible 1902, Young's 1898, Webster's 1833, Douay of 1950, the New Berkeley Version in Modern English 1969, The New Jewish Version 1985, The Word of Yah 1993, the Third Millennium Bible 1998, The Koster Scriptures 1998, Green's literal 2005, the Judaica Press Tanach 2004 - "and who emanated from THE WATERS of Judah", the Apostolic Bible Polyglot 2003, the Context Group Version 2007, The Mebust Bible 2007, the Concordant Literal Version 2009, the New Heart English Bible 2010, the Orthodox Jewish Bible 2011, The Hebraic Transliteration Scripture 2010 - “are come forth out of the WATERS of Yehudah”, The New European Version 2010 - "the WATERS of Judah", The Online Interlinear 2010 (André de Mol), The Work of God's Children Illustrated Bible 2011, The Orthodox Jewish Bible 2011 - "the WATERS of Yisroel", the English Standard Version 2011, Lexham English Bible 2012, The Hebraic Roots Bible 2012, The Biblos Bible 2013 and The Modern English Version 2014.
The NKJV needlessly alters this to the WELLSPRINGS of Judah, but at least retains the idea of water.
BUT the NASB 1995, RSV, NRSV and ISV 2014 say 'the LOINS of Judah" with a footnote in the RSV and the ISV telling us this is a correction to the text and that the Hebrew reads 'waters'. The reading or interpretation of 'loins' comes from some Targum commentators but it is not what the Hebrew actually says.
John Gill says the 'seed of Judah' is a Targum interpretation.
The NIV likewise says "from the LINE of Judah."
The Holman Standard of 2003 is a bit weird in that it just omits the phrase altogether and reads: "who are called by the name Israel and have DESCENDED FROM  Judah", but then in their Footnote they tell us "Literally 'have come from the WATERS of Judah". Perhaps the Holman is following the so called Greek Septuagint here because the LXX likewise omits the phrase altogether and simply says "are come from Judah".
Dan Wallace and company's NET version likewise omits the phrase and has "and are descended from Judah." He then footnotes "The Hebrew text reads literally “and from THE WATERS of Judah came out.” The Latin Vulgate of 405 A.D. follows the Hebrew text in this place and says -"et de AQUIS Juda existis" = "waters of Judah".
Once again we see the purification process in the previous English Bibles. Wycliffe 1395 correctly has "the waters of Judah" but Coverdale 1535, The Great Bible 1540, Matthew's Bible 1549 and the Bishops' Bible 1568 erroneously have "the STOCK of Judah".
The Geneva Bible the went back to the Hebrew reading of "the WATERS of Judah".
The Catholic Connection
Among the Catholic versions we see the usual confusion. The older Douay-Rheims 1610 and the Douay of 1950 both followed the Hebrew text and say "the WATERS of Judah".
But then the 1969 Jerusalem bible and the 1970 St. Joseph New American Bible both changed this to "the STOCK of Judah". Oh, but wait! Now the 1985 New Jerusalem bible and the 2009 Catholic Public Domain Version have gone back to the Hebrew reading of "the WATERS of Judah". Nothing like consistent inconsistency, is there.
Foreign Language Bibles
Foreign language Bibles that also read "the WATERS of Judah" are Luther's German bible 1545 and the 2000 Schlacher Bible - "aus dem Wasser Juda's", the Spanish Reina Valers 1960 - 1995 - "los que salieron de LAS AGUAS de Judá", the Portuguese A Biblia Sagrada em Portugués and the Almeida Corrigida E Fiel 2009 - "e saístes DAS AGUAS de Judá", the Italian Diodati of 1649 - "e siete usciti DELLE ACQUE acque di Giuda", and the Dutch Staten Vertaling Bible - "en uit DE WATEREN van Juda". The Modern Greek Bible reads "the fountain of Judah" - "και εξελθοντες εκ της πηγης του Ιουδα·"
Isaiah 48:10 is a verse where the NKJV, NIV and NASB have departed from the Hebrew Masoretic text. God says: "Behold, I have refined thee, but not with silver: I have CHOSEN thee in the furnace of affliction."
The Hebrew word is clearly TO CHOOSE # 977 and is used repeatedly in this book - 14:1; 43:10; 44:1, 2; 49:10, 49:7 etc. "I have chosen thee" is the reading of the KJB, ASV, RV, TMB, Darby, Young's, Geneva, Spanish etc.
However the NKJV, NIV, RSV, ESV and NASB all follow a different text by changing one single letter which alters the word from 'chosen' to 'tested'. The NKJV says: "I have TESTED you in the furnace of affliction." The ESV says: "I have TRIED you in the furnace of affliction."
Both John Gill and Adam Clarke note that one manuscript changes a single letter and thus alters the word. If you look in the NASB concordance they list this word under #977 and translate it as to choose or chosen 155 times and only once as 'tested'.
Isaiah 49:5 KJB - "Though Israel be NOT gathered, YET shall I be glorious in the eyes of the LORD, and my God shall be my strength."
NKJV (NIV, NASB, ESV, Holman, Jehovah Witness NWT, ) - "SO THAT Israel IS gathered to HIM, FOR I shall be glorious in the eyes of the LORD."
Footnote - "Dead Sea Scrolls and Septuagint read "IS gathered to Him", Masoretic Text reads "is NOT gathered"
However the so called Septuagint adds words that these versions did NOT follow. The LXX says: "to gather JACOB TO HIM AND Israel. I SHALL BE GATHERED AND glorified BEFORE the Lord".
And the Dead Sea Scrolls reads differently too. Instead of saying "saith the Lord that formed ME", the DSS have "says the Lord who formed YOU", and instead of "my God shall be my STRENGTH" (Masoretic text and the LXX), the DSS read "my God shall be my HELP."
The meaning has been totally changed in Isaiah 49:5 by the NKJV, NIV, RSV, ESV, Jehovah Witness NWT and NASB. In the KJB we read a whole prophetic section dealing with the Lord Jesus Christ as the servant of the LORD: " And now, saith the LORD, that formed me from the womb to be his servant, to bring Jacob again to him, Though Israel BE NOT GATHERED, YET shall I be glorious in the eyes of the LORD, and my God shall be my strength."
Here are precious words of the Lord Jesus Christ saying that even if Israel is NOT gathered, YET He will be glorious in the eyes of the Lord. Just by the perfection of His person regardless if anyone is saved through His ministry, He will be precious to His Father.
The KJB reading of "though Israel be NOT gathered, YET shall I be glorious" is also that of Wycliffe 1395, Coverdale 1535, the Great Bible 1540, Matthew's Bible 1549, the Bishops' bible 1568, Douai-Rheims 1582, the Geneva Bible 1587, the Darby 1890, Young's 1898, Webster's 1833, The Word of Yah 1993, the KJV 21st Century Version 1994, Third Millennium Bible 1998, God's First Truth 1999, Green's Literal 2005, Bond Slave Version 2009, the Hebraic Transliteration Scripture 2010 - "Though Yisrael be NOT gathered, YET shall I be glorious in the eyes of YHWH (יהוה)", the Holy Scriptures VW Edition 2010, the Jubilee Bible 2010, Online Interlinear 2010 (André de Mol), Biblos Interlinear Bible 2011, The Work of God's Children Illustrated Bible 2011, the Interlinear Hebrew-Greek Scriptures 2012 (Mebust), Lexham English Bible 2012, and the Hebraic Roots Bible 2012 - "Though Israel is NOT gathered, YET I am honored in the eye of YAHWEH, and My Elohim is My strength2.
2 "And then it comments: “Even though Israel would have to wait for their redemption till the latter days, the Servant of YHWH is still honored throughout the earth until that time. “
Foreign language bibles that read like the KJB are the Spanish Sagradas Escrituras 1569, Cipriano de Valera 1602, and the Reina Valera Gómez bible 2010 - "Bien que Israel NO se juntará, con todo, estimado seré en los ojos de Jehová, y el Dios mío será mi fortaleza.", Luther's German Bible 1545 - "Israel NICHT weggeraffet werde", the French Martin 1744 and French Ostervald 1998
and the Modern Greek Bible - δια να επαναφερω τον Ιακωβ προς αυτον και δια να συναχθη προς αυτον ο Ισραηλ, και θελω δοξασθη εις τους οφθαλμους του Κυριου, και ο Θεος μου θελει εισθαι η δυναμις μου· = "even though Israel NOT be gathered to him, YET I will be glorified in the eyes of the Lord, and my God shall be my strength."
And the Modern Hebrew Bible ועתה אמר יהוה יצרי מבטן לעבד לו לשובב יעקב אליו וישראל לא יאסף ואכבד בעיני יהוה ואלהי היה עזי = "and Israel is NOT gathered"
However the NKJV, ASV, NASB, RSV, ESV, NET, JW version, modern Catholic versions and NIV say: "to be His Servant, To bring Jacob back TO HIM, SO THAT Israel IS gathered TO HIM, FOR I shall be glorious in the eyes of the LORD.' - NKJV.
Then the NKJV has a footnote that tells us the Kethtib or the reading of the text itself reads 'NOT gathered' but that the Qere or the marginal reading that some think should be substitued for the textual reading is "IS gathered TO HIM.
The Catholic Connection
The older Catholic versions like the Douai-Rheims of 1582 and the Douay of 1950 both followed the Hebrew text and said "Israel will NOT be gathered". But then the 1968 Jerusalem bible, the 1970 St. Joseph New American bible and the 1985 New Jerusalem all changed the text and now read like the NKJV with "and TO REUNITE Israel TO HIM"
BUT, once again the Catholics have come out with another version called The Sacred Scriptures Public Domain Version 2009 and it now reads: "for Israel will NOT be gathered together, BUT I have been glorified in the eyes of the Lord and my God has become my strength."
John Gill's commentary on Isaiah 49:5 -though Israel be NOT gathered: in general, only a remnant, according to the election of grace, the greater part refusing to be gathered ministerially by him; and the rulers not suffering the common people to attend on his ministry. It may be observed that there is a marginal reading of the Hebrew, different from the written text; instead of al, "not" it is wl, "to him"; and may be rendered thus, "and Israel shall be gathered unto him"
Jamieson, Faussett and Brown -Though Israel be NOT gathered--metaphor from a scattered flock which the shepherd gathers together again; or a hen and her chickens. Instead of the text "not," the Keri has the similar Hebrew word, "to Him".
Matthew Henry - “Though Israel be NOT gathered - But what if Jacob will not be brought back to God and Israel will not be gathered? So it proved; but this is a satisfaction in that case, Christ will be glorious in the eyes of the Lord; and those are truly glorious that are so in God's eyes. Though few of the Jewish nation were converted by Christ's preaching and miracles, and many of them loaded him with ignominy and disgrace, yet God put honour upon him, and made him glorious, at his baptism, and in his transfiguration, spoke to him from heaven, sent angels to minister to him, made even his shameful death glorious by the many prodigies that attended it, much more his resurrection.”
John Calvin - “And though Israel be NOT gathered. The Jews read these words as a question: “Shall I not bring back Jacob? and shall Israel not be gathered?” But that reading is excessively unnatural, and the Jews do not consider what was the Prophet’s meaning, but, so far as lies in their power, corrupt the text, in order to conceal the disgrace of their nation….“Though Israel be not gathered, yet I shall be glorious;” for it is probable that opposite things are contrasted with each other in this passage… Although therefore Israel refuse to be “gathered,” yet the ministry of Christ shall retain its glory unimpaired; for it will be ascribed to the baseness and wickedness of men, that they have not been “gathered.”
John Trapp (English Puritan) - “Though Israel be NOT gathered, that is, by God’s Word, which is his arm, or will not be gathered, as Matthew 23:37. YET shall I be glorious in the eyes of the Lord, Who will reward me according to my pains, and not according to my success; yea, it is more than probable that such as patiently persist in the work of the ministry, though few or none be converted thereby, shall have a greater measure of glory than those that see much fruit of their labours, and so have their honeycomb here to feed on.”
Matthew Poole - “Though Israel be NOT gathered - Though Israel, God’s own and only people, reject me, which will be an occasion of great wonder and scandal. YET shall I be glorious in the eyes of the Lord. God will not despise me for the unsuccessfulness of my labours, but will honour and glorify me, both with himself and in the face of the world, in crowning my endeavours with glorious success among other people.”
Thus far in the book of Isaiah alone we have three examples of where the nkjv does not follow the same Hebrew text as the KJB. They are Isaiah 9:3 where it removes the word NOT; 48:10 where it changes 'chosen' to ' tested' and here where it changes 'not' to 'to Him'.
In Isaiah 49:12 there is an interesting example of how the NIV and ESV depart again from the Hebrew Masoretic text. There we read in the KJB - "Behold, these shall come from far: and, lo, these from the north and from the west: and these from the LAND OF SINIM." Many think Sinim may be a referrence to China, but in any case, the Hebrew clearly says Sinim.
Sinim is also the reading of the NASB, ASV, RV, NKJV, the Lexham English Bible of 2012, the Jewish translations JPS 1917, Judaica Press Tanach, the Orthodox Jewish Bible of 2011 and many others. Not even Dan Wallace and their NET version changes the Hebrew text here but says "from the land of SINIM." and so too does the 2003 Holman Standard Version - "the land of SINIM."
However the NIV says "from the REGION OF ASWAN." Then in a footnote the NIV tells us this Aswan comes from the Dead Sea Scrolls but that the Hebrew says Sinim.
The goofy critical text version that recently came out called The Common English Bible of 2011 totally paraphrases this verse as: "Look! These will come from far away. Look! These from the north and west, and these FROM THE SOUTHLAND." BUT then it footnotes: from the southland.[a] Heb Sinim
It is of interest to note that the RSV and the new ESV both say "land of SYENE" and also have a footnote telling us Syene comes from the Dead Sea Scrolls but that the Hebrew Masoretic text reads Sinim. Here we have two different groups of modern "scholars" giving us two different readings, Aswan and Syene, and both telling us that this reading comes from the Dead Sea Scrolls. They both agree in rejecting the Hebrew traditional text but can't seem to agree on what the DSS says! Maybe they should have gone with the Greek Septuagint - it says "from the land OF THE PERSIANS."!!! And these Bible "scholars" want us to take them seriously!
Isaiah 49:17 "children" or "builders"?
King James Bible - "Thy CHILDREN shall make haste; thy destroyers and they that made thee waste shall go forth of thee."
Holman Standard 2009, ESV 2016, NASB 1995, ISV 2014, Modern English Version 2014 - "Your BUILDERS make haste; your destroyers and those who laid you waste go out from you."
In this verse the NASB, ISV, MEV and ESV depart from the Hebrew Masoretic text and this time the NIV doesn't go along with them. The modern version "scholars" have really got their act together, don't they?
"Thy CHILDREN shall make haste"
In the KJB we read: "Thy CHILDREN shall make haste: thy destroyers and they that made thee waste shall go forth of thee." 'Children' is the reading of the Hebrew Masoretic Text, the KJB, NKJV 1982, Webster's 1833, Revised Version of 1881, Darby 1890, the ASV of 1901 - "Thy CHILDREN make haste", Rotherham's Emphasized bible 1902, The Ancient Hebrew Bible 1907, the Jewish translations of JPS 1917, Hebrew Publishing Company version 1936, The New Jewish Version 1985, Amplified Bible 1987, The Word of Yah Bible 1993, The Complete Jewish Bible 1998, The Koster Scriptures 1998, the Third Millennium Bible 1998, World English Version 2000, Green's literal of 2000, the 2004 Judaica Press Tanach, The Mebust Bible 2007, The Voice 2012, The New European Version 2010, The Hebrew Transliteration Scripture 2010, The Names of God Bible 2011, Lexham English Bible 2012, The Biblos Bible 2013, the Hebrew Names Version 2014, and The Tree of Life Version 2015.
Even the NIV 1984 edition says "Your SONS hasten back" and the 2011 NIV now says: "Your CHILDREN hasten back." This time even Daniel Wallace and company's NET version sticks with the Hebrew text and says: "Your CHILDREN hurry back".
The Hebrew word is # 1121 Ben, which means "sons" or "children" and the context of Isaiah 49 is God bring children taken from among the Gentile nations and bringing them to Israel. See verses 6, 12, 20-22.
Among foreign language Bibles that follow the Hebrew Masoretic text and say "Thy CHILDREN make haste" are the Modern Greek translation - "Τα τεκνα σου θελουσιν ελθει μετα σπουδης·", the French Martin 1744 and French Ostervald 1996 and the French Louis Segond of 2007 - "Tes enfants viendront à grande hâte", the Italian Diodati 1649, La Nuova Diodati of 1991 and the 2006 Nuova Riveduta - "I tuoi figli accorrono", the German Schlachter of 2000 - "Deine Söhne eilen herbei" and the Portuguese A Biblia Sagrada em Portugués and the Almeida Actualizada -(modern Portuguese version) as well as the NIV 1999 Nova Versão Internacional - "Os teus filhos pressurosamente virão"
However the NASB, RSV, NRSV, ESV 2001-2016 (English Standard Version), Holman Standard 2003 and The Message say "Your BUILDERS make haste" instead of 'CHILDREN'.
Young's "literal" has this time rejected the Hebrew for some strange reason and reads: "Hastened have THOSE BUILDING THEE."
The NASB never tells you when they depart from the Hebrew Masoretic text, but the ESV tells us in a footnote that the word "BUILDERS" comes from a Dead Sea Scroll manuscript, but that the Hebrew reads CHILDREN.
The Holman Standard footnotes that the word "BUILDERS" comes from one DSS manuscript and the Latin Vulgate, but that both the Hebrew and the Syriac reads "sons" or "children".
Yet there are NUMEROUS readings found in the Dead Sea Scrolls copies of the book of Isaiah that NONE of these modern versions have adopted. For example. In this same chapter we read in verse 5 "And now saith the LORD God that formed ME from the womb to be his servant."
The Masoretic text says ME, but the DSS has: "..the Lord who formed YOU from the womb." Yet the NASB, ESV, NET and Holman all stick with the Hebrew Masoretic text reading of "ME" and not the DSS "you".
In Isaiah 49:5 the Masoretic text says "my God shall be my STRENGTH" but the DSS say "my God shall be my HELP", yet the NASB, ESV, NET and Holman stuck with the Masoretic text's "STRENGTH".
In Isaiah 49:6 the Masoretic text reads "to raise up the tribes of JACOB and to restore the preserved of ISRAEL" but the DSS reverses the names and reads "the tribes of ISRAEL and bring back the preserved of JACOB", yet once again the NASB, ESV, NET, Holman stick with "tribes of JACOB and the preserved of ISRAEL"
In Isaiah 49:9 the Masoretic text reads: "They shall feed IN THE WAYS" and the NASB, ESV, NET and Holman stayed with this reading, yet the DSS says: "They will feed UPON ALL THE MOUNTAINS".
In Isaiah 49:12 the Masoretic text says: "and these from the land of SINIM." and so read the NKJV, NASB, NET and Holman.
However the DSS say: "from the land of SYENE" and this time the ESV goes with the DSS reading of SYENE instead of SINIM. The NIV says: "from the region of ASWAN" and then footnotes that this supposedly comes from the DSS (which it doesn't) but that the Hebrew Masoretic text reads SINIM.
And in Isaiah 49:24 "or the LAWFUL captive delivered?" (one who is righteously or justly taken captive) from the Masoretic text is changed in the DSS into "the captives OF A TYRANT" and so read the ESV and NASB, but the NIV reads: "captives rescued FROM THE FIERCE" and Wallace's NET says "from A CONQUEROR?", but the Holman and NKJV go with the Masoretic text instead.
Even these versions are confused among themselves. The RSV has- "Your BUILDERS outstrip your destroyers"; the NRSV says - "Your BUILDERS outdo your destroyers" and the ESV has - "Your BUILDERS make haste."
The Douay-Rheims and Douay say - "Thy BUILDERS ARE COME." but the newer Catholic versions like the St. Joseph and New Jerusalem read: "Your REBUILDERS are hurrying."
There IS no method to their madness; it's just random madness.
The Inconsistent NIVs
The NIV presents us with contradiction and confusion when they translate it into other languages. In the English NIV and the NIV Portuguese version of 1999 they correctly read "Your CHILDREN hasten back" - "Os teus filhos pressurosamente virão", but the Spanish NIV of 1999 has rejected the Hebrew Masoretic text and says "Your BUILDERS make haste" - "Tus CONSTRUCTORES se apresuran."
The Spanish versions have not done very well with this verse. The early Sagradas Escrituras of 1569 and the Reina Valera of 1909, 1960 and 1995 and even the R.V. Gómez of 2010 have followed the Latin Vulgate instead of the Hebrew and read - "Tus edificadores vendrán aprisa;"= "Your BUILDERS WILL COME QUICKLY".
However the 2010 paraphrase called Nueva Traducción Viviente is pretty close with "Dentro de poco tus DESCENDIENTES regresarán" = "Within a little while your DESCENDANTS will return." and the 2012 Palabra de Dios para Todos (The Word of God For Everybody) is a lot better with: "Tus HIJOS se apresuran a regresar a ti" = "Your CHILDREN will hurry up to return to you."
The Catholic Connection
The Catholic versions have followed the Latin Vulgate here instead of the Hebrew and also read "your BUILDERS". These are the Douay-Rheims, Douay 1950, St. Joseph NAB 1970 and the New Jerusalem bible 1985. The Latin Vulgate of 405 A.D. itself reads: " venerunt structores tui" = "your BUILDERS are come".
The so called Greek Septuagint (Benton's translation) is a bit confused in that it reads - "Thou shalt soon be built by whom thou wast destroyed."!! Not at all the same as any modern version.
Once again we can see the gradual purification process of the words of God in the English translations. Wycliffe 1395 followed the Latin Vulgate and his translation said "The BUILDERS are come". Both Coverdale's translation of 1535 and the Bishops' Bible of 1568 likewise did not follow the Hebrew text but said: "They that haue broken the downe, shal make haist to buylde the vp agayne."
Not even the Geneva Bible of 1587 got it right, but also followed the Latin Vulgate and says: "Thy BUILDERS make haste."
It wasn't till God finally finished the purification process that we get perfection and infallibility in the King James Bible that reads: "Thy CHILDREN shall make haste, thy destroyers, and they that made thee waste, shall goe forth of thee."
Get yourself the true "book of the LORD", the King James Holy Bible. It is always right and you will never go wrong.
In Isaiah 49:24 we read: "Shall the prey be taken from the mighty, or THE LAWFUL CAPTIVE delivered?" - that is, one who is justly or righteously taken captive. Here God speaks of delivering His people who were lawfully or righteously given over to captivity. God had judged them because they had broken His law and now He was going to deliver them to show His grace after having chastised them. Once again the NASB, NIV, ESV all depart from the Traditional Hebrew Masoretic text.
The LAWFUL CAPTIVE is the reading of the KJB, Revised Version 1881, the American Standard Version of 1901 (the predecessor to the NASB)- "Shall the prey be taken from the mighty, or the LAWFUL captives be delivered?", the 1936 Jewish translation put out by the Hebrew Publishing Company, New York, Webster's 1833 translation, the Hebrew Names Bible, the 1969 New Berkeley Version in Modern English - "or shall LAWFULLY HELD captives be rescued?", the Third Millenium Bible 1998, World English Bible and the Hebrew Names Version - "THE LAWFUL captive be delivered?", the Amplified Bible 1987 - "or the LAWFUL captives of the just be delivered?", A Conservative Version - "the LAWFUL captives be delivered?" and the English Jubilee Version 2000.
The Geneva Bible of 1587 had the right idea by saying: "Or the just captiuitie deliuered?" Young's literal was perhaps too "literal" but at least he followed the Masoretic text, as does the Holman Standard of 2003 saying: "And the captive of the righteous delivered?", but still the idea is there that those who took them captive were righteous in doing so. Also reading this way is the Lexham English Bible of 2012.
Rotherham's Emphasized bible of 1902 has the right idea as well with: "Or the captive OF ONE IN THE RIGHT, be delivered?" as does Darby's translation - "and shall HE THAT IS RIGHTFULLY CAPTIVE be delivered?"
Among foreign language Bibles that got it right are the Spanish Reina Valera 1909 (but not the 1960 -1995 editions; they read "tyrant") "la cautividad legítima" = "the LEGITIMATE captivity freed?" and Las Sagradas Escrituras of 1569 - "¿la cautividad justa será dada por libre?", the Italian Diodati 1649, Luther's German Bible 1545, the French Martin of 1744 - "et les captifs du juste seront-ils délivrés?", the Portuguese A Biblia em Portugués - "ou escapariam os legalmente presos?" - "or will escape those LEGALLY prisoners?" and the Portugues Almeida Corrigida E Fiel - "Ou os presos justamente escapariam?" = "those JUSTLY prisoners escape?"
The so called Greek Septuagint actually has THE OPPOSITE meaning with: "Will anyone take spoils from a giant? and if one should take a man captive UNJUSTLY, shall he be delivered?". However the Modern Greek Bible got it right with: "να ελευθερωθωσιν οι δικαιως αιχμαλωτισθεντες;" = "Shall be freed those who are JUSTLY taken captives?"
But the NIV says: "Can plunder be taken from warriors, or captives rescued FROM THE FIERCE?". Then in a footnote they tell us this reading comes from the DSS, the Syriac and the Vulgate. The NASB, ISV and ESV likewise read "captives of THE TYRANT" instead of 'lawful captives' and the ESV footnotes that the reading of "THE TYRANT" comes from the Dead Sea Scrolls, the Vulgate and Syriac, but the Hebrew Masoretic text has "of a righteous man".
In typical fashion, Daniel Wallace says the Hebrew reading "makes no sense" and so his NET version goes with the Qumran reading of "tyrant" and he translates it as "or captives be rescued from A CONQUEROR?" (Note: Once a man has messed with the Book as much as Dan Wallace has, it is small wonder that not much of anything "makes sense" to him.)
ALL the Catholic versions reject the traditional Hebrew text here and the St. Joseph New American Bible 1970 and the New Jerusalem bible 1985 read: "captives be rescued FROM A TYRANT?"
The NKJV and Holman also change the meaning of the text by saying: "Or the captives of the righteous be delivered?", but at least it is an attempt to follow the Masoretic text. The word in question can have several meanings including "righteous, just, or lawfully." Even the NASB translated it once as "righteously" and if they had said here "the captives righteously held captive delivered" they would have gotten it right.
Matthew Henry comments: "We were LAWFUL captives to the justice of God, yet delivered by a price of unspeakable value."
The Pulpit Commentary states: "Babylon was mighty. By the laws of war SHE HAD A RIGHTFUL CLAIM TO HER CAPTIVES. How was she to be induced or compelled to give them up?"
John Gill's first explanation is: "or the lawful captive delivered? justly and lawfully taken captive in war, as the Jews were by the Babylonians."
Jamieson, Fausset and Brown correctly comment: "LAWFUL CAPTIVE —the Jews justly consigned for their sins (Isa 50:1) as captives to the foe. Secondarily, Satan and Death are "the mighty" conquerors of man, upon whom his sin give them their "lawful" claim. Christ answers that claim for the sinners, and so the captive is set free."
And John Calvin comments: "And we ought, first, to observe this metaphor, that the Church is called "the captivity of the righteous," that is, LAWFUL CAPTIVITY. He is said to be the "righteous" possessor who is the lawful possessor; just as the prey, when the war has been righteous, passes into the hands of a righteous possessor. Such was the condition of the ancient people, after having been driven into captivity; for, along with their native country, they had lost their liberty, and were entirely in the power, and at the disposal, of the conqueror."The King James Bible is ALWAYS right. Accept no substitutes.
Isaiah 52 and 53
These are beautiful chapters that teach us so much about the redemptive work of our Lord Jesus Christ. God's people were in bondage and He promises them deliverance through the work of the Messiah.
In Isaiah 52:5 we read of the children of Israel's bondage. "Now therefore, what have I here, saith the LORD, that my people is taken away for nought? they that rule over them MAKE THEM TO HOWL."
This is the reading of the KJB, NKJV, Geneva Bible - "& they that rule ouer them, make them to howle, saith the Lorde?", Webster’s 1833, Young's - "Its rulers cause howling", 1936 Jewish translation, Lamsa’s 1936 translation of the Syriac - “Their RULERS MAKE THEM TO WAIL, says the LORD”, Darby - "They that rule over them make them to howl", Third Millennium Bible, the French Martin 1744, French Ostervald 1996, the Italian Diodati 1649 and La Nuova Diodati 1991 - “quelli che lo signoreggiano lo fanno urlare, dice il Signore”, the Spanish Sagradas Escrituras 1569 and the Spanish Reina Valera version 1909, 1960, 1995- “ya que mi pueblo es llevado injustamente? Los que de él se enseñorean lo hacen aullar”, the 2005 Reina Valera Gomez, the KJV 21st Century 1994 and the Third Millenium Bible 1998.
Here the NIV again departs from the Hebrew Masoretic text and says: "those who rule them MOCK." Then in a footnote the NIV tells us this reading 'mock' comes from the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Vulgate but that the MT reads as does the KJB.
The NIV footnote about “mock” being found in the Dead Sea Scrolls is false. I have a copy of the Dead Sea Scrolls Bible (Abegg Jr., Flint & Ulrich 1999) and it reads: “Those who rule over them ARE DELUDED”. Then it footnotes “Meaning unclear. “wail” MT, LXX.
There IS however one of the modern perversion that DOES follow this DSS reading and that is the presumptuously titled International Standard Version (ISV) of 2012. It reads: "Those who rule over them ARE DELUDED," says the LORD."
In addition to this, the LXX does not read as either the Hebrew text nor the KJB. The KJB says: “Now therefore, what have I here, saith the LORD, that my people is taken away for nought? they that rule over them MAKE THEM TO HOWL, saith the LORD.” However the LXX says: “And now why ARE YE here? Thus saith the Lord, Because my people was taken for nothing, WONDER YE AND HOWL.” So, the NIV footnote is completely inaccurate.
The NASB and the ESV both change the meaning from the one found in the KJB and many others and sides with the RSV and Holman saying "THOSE WHO RULE OVER THEM HOWL.", as though the rulers are howling and not the people ruled by them.
The Catholic Connection
What is interesting is to compare the Catholic versions. ANY modern bible version based on the UBS, Nestle-Aland critical Greek text is in fact using the same "interconfessional" text as the modern Catholic versions. The Vatican is directly involved in making up this new text.
The older Douay Rheims 1610 and the Douay of 1950 both read: "My people is taken away gratis. THEY THAT RULE OVER THEM TREAT THEM UNJUSTLY, saith the LORD." However the 1970 St. Joseph New American bible changed this to: "THEIR RULERS MAKE A BOAST OF IT" and the New Jerusalem bible of 1985 says: "my people have been carried off for nothing, THEIR MASTERS HOWL IN TRIUMPH".
And right there along with them is Dan "anything but the KJB" Wallace who footnotes that the Hebrew word is "howl" but then says "perhaps here in the sense of to mock" and then gives us his paraphrase NET version: "those who rule over them TAUNT, says the Lord." It's all just a big coincidence, right?
Matthew Henry comments: "Those that rule over them make them to howl, as the Egyptians of old made them to sigh, Ex. 2:23. So the Babylonians now, using them more hardly, extorted from them louder complaints and made them to howl."
Both Coverdale's Bible 1535 and the Bishops' Bible of 1568 makes this very clear, saying: "my people is frely caried awaye, & BROUGHT IN TO HEUYNES BY THEIR RULERS, and my name euer still blasphemed? saieth the LORDE." Young's literal says: "its rulers cause howling".
In 52:14 we enter the great section that tells us of the Servant of the Lord and His redemptive work. "As many were astonied at THEE." This is the reading of the KJB, nkjv, ESV 2001, Young's, Hebrew Names Version, Webster's, TMB, KJV 21 and others. Many see this as being addressed to Christ Himself.
However the NASB says "astonished at you, MY PEOPLE" which is interpretation rather than translation, while the NIV has "astonished at HIM" but with a footnote telling us the Hebrew reads 'You' (or thee).
Isaiah 52:15 KJB - “So shall he SPRINKLE many nations”
Isaiah 52:13 through Isaiah 53:12 is a direct prophesy about the Lord Jesus Christ as our Messiah who is brought as a lamb to the slaughter and makes his soul an offering for sin. “All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.” Isaiah 53:6
In Isaiah 52:14-15 we read “…his visage was so marred more than any man, and his form more than the sons of men: So shall he SPRINKLE many nations”
The whole passage is speaking about the substitutionary death of our Lord and Saviour for His people - “For the transgression of my people was he stricken” Isaiah 53:8
And in the New Testament we read of this fulfillment - “Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and SPRINKLING OF THE BLOOD of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.” 1 Peter 1:2
Ye are come “to Jesus the mediator of the new covenant, and to THE BLOOD OF SPRINKLING, that speaketh better things than that of Abel.” Hebrews 12:24
However several modern versions have perverted and changed the meaning of this verse here in Isaiah 52:15.
Instead of “So shall he SPRINKLE many nations” (as the KJB and many others read) we see in versions like the RSV, NRSV, the modern Catholic versions, Dan Wallace’s NET version and the Jehovah Witness New World Translation - “So shall he STARTLE many nations”
Then the RSV and NRSV footnote - “The meaning of the Hebrew words is uncertain.”
The ESV and the NKJV both read: “So shall He SPRINKLE many nations” but then they BOTH included this Footnote - “Or STARTLE”
The Catholic Connection
The Douay-Rheims of 1610 and the 1950 Douay Version both correctly read: “So shall he SPRINKLE many nations”. BUT then the Catholic St. Joseph New American Bible 1970 and the New Jerusalem bible 1985 changed their texts to now read “So shall he STARTLE many nations” (St. Joseph) and “many nations will be ASTONISHED” (New Jerusalem).
But now the Catholics have come out with another version in 2009 called The Sacred Scriptures Catholic Public Domain Version and it goes back to the Hebrew and so reads: “He will SPRINKLE many nations”
The Jehovah Witness New World Translation also reads “He will likewise STARTLE many nations”.
Dan Wallace’s NET (per)version 2006 - “his form was so marred he no longer looked human - so now he will STARTLE many nations.”
NIV - “so he will SPRINKLE many nations” [a] Footnote - “Or so will many nations BE AMAZED AT HIM (see also Septuagint)
But the NIV Spanish version - Nueva Versión Internacional 1999 has “Del mismo modo, muchas naciones SE ASOMBRARAN” - “In the same way, many nations WILL BE AMAZED”.
However the NIV Portuguese version - Nova Versão Internacional of 2000 - got it right, with: “de igual modo ele ASPERGIRA muitas nações” - “He WILL SPRINKLE many nations”, but then it contains the footnote telling us that the Septuagint reads “many nations WILL BE ASTONISHED before him”
The so called Greek Septuagint says “Thus SHALL MANY NATIONS WONDER AT HIM.” This is where this bogus reading comes from.
The Hebrew word “SPRINKLE” is # 5137 nah-zah and it occurs 24 times in the Old Testament and EVERY TIME it is translated as “SPRINKLE”. It is always used in the ritualistic sense of sprinkling of the blood of the sacrifices (21 times), twice of the sprinkling of the water of purification (Numbers 19:21 and Numbers 8:7 “SPRINKLE the water of purifying”, and once more in Isaiah 63:3 “and their blood shall be SPRINKLED upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment.”
“and SPRINKLE of the blood seven times before the LORD” Leviticus 4:6
“And he shall SPRINKLE of the blood of the sin offering upon the side of the altar” Leviticus 5:9
“And he shall take of the blood of the bullock, and SPRINKLE it with his finger upon the mercy seat” Leviticus 16:14
It NEVER means “to startle” or to “amaze” or “to cause to wonder”.
Even Lamsa’s translation of Isaiah 52:15 in the Syriac says “So shall he PURIFY many nations”
Other Perverted Versions
The so called Complete Jewish Bible, as well as the Amplified bible 1987 have BOTH readings (and thus has added to and perverted the words of God) saying:
“So shall He STARTLE AND SPRINKLE many nations”
Other perversions that say “he will STARTLE many nations” or “he will ASTONISH many nations” are Rotherham’s Emphasized bible 1902, the JPS 1917 version, the Common English bible 2011, ISV 2014 - “STARTLE”, New Living Translation 2013 - “STARTLE many nations”,
Living Bible 1971, Easy to Read Version 2006 - “will be AMAZED AT him”
Good News Translation 1992 - “many nations WILL MARVEL AT HIM”, ,
Many early English versions did not get it right either. The King James Bible is the end product of the purification and perfection of God’s infallible words, not the earlier English bibles.
Coverdale Bible 1534 and the Great Bible 1540 and Matthew’s bible 1549 all had: “Even so shall the multitude of the Gentiles LOOK UNTO HIM”
The Bishop’s bible 1568 was also wrong, saying: “Euen so shall the multitude of the gentiles SPEAK OF HIM”
The first one to get it right was the Geneva Bible of 1587 - “So shall hee SPRINKLE many nations”.
Though Wycliffe’s bible of 1395 was pretty close with: “He shall BESPRINKLE MANY FOLKS” and the Latin Vulgate was good too with “iste asperget gentes multas” - “he will SPRINKLE many nations (or people)”
Bible in Basic English 1961 - “So will nations GIVE HIM HONOUR”
Darby 1890 - “so shall he ASTONISH many nations”
The Message 2002 - “Nations all over the world WILL BE IN AWE, TAKEN ABACK”
The Voice 2012 - “many nations WILL BE ASTONISHED AT HIS PROMINENCE”
New Life Version 1969, New Century Version 2005 - “he will SURPRISE many nations”
The Contemporary English Version 1995 has a complete paraphrase, saying: “MY SERVANT WILL MAKE nations WORTHY TO WORSHIP ME”
Ancient Roots bible 2006 - “So these many nations AND KINGS WILL ZIP THEIR MOUTHS toward him when they see him”
Judaica Press Tanach 2004 - “So SHALL HE CAST DOWN many nations”
Names of God Bible 2011 - “HE WILL CLEANSE MANY NATIONS WITH HIS BLOOD.” (This is a total paraphrase, but they at least got the right meaning.)
The World English Bible 2012 also says “HE WILL CLEANS MANY NATIONS”
Agreeing with the Hebrew text and the King James Bible about how the Lord Jesus will SPRINKLE many nations are the Geneva bible 1587, Webster’s Translation 1833, Young’s 1898, the Revised Version 1885, ASV 1901, The Ancient Hebrew Bible 1907, The Word of Yah Bible 1993, the NASB 1995, The Yah Sacred Scriptures 2001, Holman Standard 2003, World English Bible 2000, Context Group Version 2007, Jubilee Bible 2010, the Hebraic Transliteration Scripture 2010, The New European Version 2010, The Orthodox Jewish Bible 2011, Biblos Interlinear Bible 2011, The Work of God’s Children Illustrated Bible 2011, Lexham English Bible 2012, Interlinear Hebrew-Greek Scriptures 2012 (Mebust), The Natural Israelite Bible 2012, The Hebraic Roots Bible 2012, the Modern English Version 2014, Hebrew Names Version 2014, and the International Children’s Bible 2015 “he will SPRINKLE many nations”.
John Gill - “the blood of Christ, called the blood of SPRINKLING, by which the conscience is purged from dead works, and the heart from an evil conscience, and by which multitudes of many nations are justified and sanctified”
Matthew Henry - “Many nations shall be the better for him, for he shall SPRINKLE them, and not the Jews only; the blood of SPRINKLING shall be applied to their consciences, to purify them. He suffered, and died, and so SPRINKLED many nations; for in his death there was a fountain opened, Zec. 13:1.”
Matthew Poole’s Commentary - “Shall he SPRINKLE, either,
1. With his blood, which is called the blood of sprinkling, Hebrews 12:24 or, shall justify them, as it follows, Isaiah 53:11, which is frequently expressed by washing, as Psalms 51L2, 7, Ezekiel 16:9 and by sprinkling clean water, Ezekiel 36:25.”
Jamieson, Faussett and Brown - “the word universally in the Old Testament means either to sprinkle with blood, as the high priest makes an expiation (Lev. 4:6; 16:18,19) or with water, to purify (Eze. 36:25) both appropriate to Messiah (John 13:8; Hebrews 9:13-14; 10:22;12:24; 1 Peter 1:2)
You may have a modern “easy to read” version, but most of them are actually perversions of God’s precious words of truth and entirely miss the point in many parts of God’s Holy Book.
The King James Bible is ALWAYS right. Accept no substitutes.
The various readings of chapter 53 are so different one from another they are barely recognizable. Commentators are constantly changing the text and disagreeing with one another. Each one apparently considers himself to be the final authority
I will only touch on the more blatant differences in this chapter.
Verse 53:8 KJB "He was taken FROM PRISON and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of he land of the living: for the transgression of my people WAS HE STRICKEN."
This is the reading of the KJB, NKJV, Geneva Bible, Spanish Reina Valera, Young's, Webster's, Third Millenium Bible and the KJV 21.
The NASB, NIV differ from each other as well as from the KJB. The NASB says: "By OPPRESSION and judgment He was taken away; And as for His generation, who considered that He was cut off out of the land of the living, for the transgression of my people TO WHOM THE STROKE WAS DUE?" Say what? Read that again and see if you can make any sense out of it. Only a modern seminarian could come up with something that clear.
The NIV differs from the NASB too in that it says: "By oppression and judgment he was taken away. And who can speak of his DESCENDANTS? For he was cut off from the land of the living; for the transgression of my people he was stricken."
Verse 9 likewise is quite different. In the KJB we read: "And HE made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death." "HE made his grave" is what the Hebrew says. However the NKJV says "THEY made his grave with the wicked" and then has a footnote telling us that the Hebrew literally says HE. God did this, not man.
The NASB says: "HIS GRAVE WAS ASSIGNED to be with wicked men" and the NIV has "He was assigned a grave with the wicked" - both of which remove God as He who did this.
Verse 10 also suffers from distorted meanings. The KJB says: "Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him: he hath put him to grief: WHEN THOU SHALT MAKE HIS SOUL AN OFFERING FOR SIN, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and he pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand."
This is the reading of the KJB, ASV, Revised Version, NKJV, NRSV, Darby, Hebrew Names Bible, Webster's, TMB and the KJV 21.
The NASB actually says: "IF HE WOULD RENDER HIMSELF AS A GUILT OFFERING, He will see His offspring". Here the NASB puts in a big little word IF. Then it changes the THOU which refers to God the Father and is the type of Abraham and Isaac in Genesis 22 to "He"; "his soul" to 'himself' and 'an offering for sin' to 'a guilt offering'. The NASB reading of "HE" is found in the margin but not the text itself of the Hebrew.
The NIV reads: "and THOUGH THE LORD makes his LIFE a GUILT OFFERING, he will see his offspring". Here the NIV adds the words 'the LORD' though not in the text, but at least it has God doing this and not the "He himself" of the NASB. The NIV has a footnote that tells us the Hebrew text reads 'YOU', as is found in the KJB. The NIV adds the words 'THE LORD" (Jehovah) 52 times in the OT when not in the text and 38 times when it is in the Hebrew text they omit it. This information is found in the NIV complete concordance itself. I am not making this up.
Isaiah 53:11 "He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities."
So read numerous Bible translations including the Geneva Bible 1587 - " Hee shall see of the trauaile of his soule, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous seruant iustifie many: for hee shall beare their iniquities.", the Bishops' Bible 1568, Young's literal, Darby, the Revised Version 1881 - "He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many: and he shall bear their iniquities.", the World English Bible, KJV 21st Century 1994, Third Millenium Bible 1998.
The NKJV 1982 also reads like the KJB - "He shall see the labor of His soul,  and be satisfied. By His knowledge My righteous Servant shall justify many, For He shall bear their iniquities." But then the NKJV has this footnote: Footnotes:  : Following Masoretic Text, Targum, and Vulgate; Dead Sea Scrolls and Septuagint read from the labor of His soul He shall see light."
This NKJV footnote is highly misleading, and in fact, downright deceptive. The so called Greek Septuagint verse of Isaiah 53:11 is almost unrecognizable. It differs significantly from the Hebrew Masoretic text. Brenton's Greek Septuagint actually says: "THE LORD also is pleased to take away from the travail of his soul, to shew him light, and to form him with understanding; to justify the just one who serves many well; and he shall bear their sins." Go back and read it again. This is almost totally different in meaning than the Hebrew text or ANY translation in ANY bible ever published. The ONLY thing that is the same is the last line that says "he shall bear their sins". Other than this part, NOTHING IS THE SAME. So for the NKJV to tell us that the NIV's extra words come from "the LXX" is more than a little lame and misleading.
The NIV clearly departs from the Hebrew Masoretic text in verse 11. There we read in the KJB: "He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied." This is the exact reading or basic meaning of the NASB, NKJV, RSV and the ESV. Not even the Holman Standard 2003, the 2011 Names of God Bible or even Dan Wallace's NET version decided to follow the NIV here. However the recent ISV, Common English Bible and The Voice DO include this extra reading. Do any of these versions follow ALL the many different Dead Sea Scroll readings in the book of Isaiah? Of course not. In fact there are at least FIVE different DSS copies of Isaiah found and they OFTEN disagree even with each other! They just randomly pick one reading and ignore others so they can $ell you the late$t Finding$ in the $o Called $cience of $cholar$hip.
Dan Wallace's NET version is sooooo paraphrased that the first part of the verse hardly makes any sense. His NET version reads: "Having suffered, he will reflect on his work, he will be satisfied when he understands what he has done. My servant will acquit many, for he carried their sins." But at least he did not adopt the DSS reading the NIV did.
The NIV sides with the NRSV (the first English version to introduce this "extra" reading) and adds words not found in the Hebrew Masoretic Text. The NIV 1984 edition says: "After the suffering OF HIS SOUL, he will see THE LIGHT [OF LIFE] and be satisfied." The NIV 2011 edition changed the text again and took away the brackets and now says: "After HE has suffered, he will see THE LIGHT OF LIFE and be satisfied." Then it tells us in a footnote that 'the light of life' comes from the Dead Sea Scrolls but it is lacking from the MT. The NRSV footnote likewise tells us this added reading comes from one manuscript called Q but that the Masoretic text does not have it. It is of interest that the late$t in $cholar$hip English Standard Version of 2001 goes back to the KJB reading and rejects the NIV'S added words.
Is it any wonder modern bible proponents are "tossed to and from by every wind" and have no settled Final Authority?
Isaiah 55:3 "Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, even THE SURE MERCIES OF DAVID."
The sure mercies of David are again spoken of in Acts 13:34 in the KJB and the referrence is to Christ, the son of David, who was raised from the dead and now sits on the throne. These are called the sure mercies of David because God had promised to set up his seed (Christ) to sit on his throne. Christ would build the house of the Lord, God would be His Father and He would be His Son and God's mercy would not be taken away as He had done with Saul. See II Samuel 7:12-16 for these promises.
David had grievously sinned by comitting adultery and murder, yet God did not break His promises to David for his sins, and so these are called the sure MERCIES of David. Mercy is not getting punished as we should be.
"the SURE MERCIES of David" is the reading of the KJB, NKJV, 1917, 1936 Jewish translations, Webster's, KJV 21, Third Millenium Bible, RV, ASV, Geneva, and the Hebrew Names Bible.
The NASB is close in meaning here with "the faithful mercies shown to David" but the NIV along with the RSV says: "MY FAITHFUL LOVE promised to David."
Love and mercy are not the same concept. Mercy is not being punished as we deserve. David certainly deserved to be punished but God had mercy on him as He does with us. In the Acts 13:34 passage the NASB and NIV say "I will give you THE HOLY AND SURE BLESSINGS of David" instead of "the sure mercies of David" as the KJB and others say.
This concept of mercy is gradually being diluted in the new versions. The words mercy and merciful are found in the Old Testament of the KJB 288 times, yet in these same passages the NIV only has mercy 85 times while the NASB is down to 51 times. Instead they substitute the word 'love' in place of 'mercy'.
In 59:4 God is rebuking His people for their sins and says: "None calleth for justice, nor any pleadeth for truth:." This is the reading of the NKJV, Geneva Bible, 1936 Jewish translation, Spanish, Webster's, TMB, and KJV 21.
But the NASB joins the RSV and says: "No one sues righteously (goes to court) and no one pleads honestly" while the NIV is different yet with "No one calls for justice (OK), no one pleads his case with integrity."
There is a difference in pleading for the truth of God and pleading my own case in a court of law with integrity, and there is a difference between calling for justice and suing somebody.
The latter part of this verse says: "they trust in VANITY, and speak lies." This word 'vanity' was used in Isaiah 44:9 where it says: "they that make a graven image are all of them vanity...they are their own witnesses; they see not, nor know; that they may be ashamed. Who hath formed a god, or moten a graven image that is profitable for nothing?"
The phrase "they trust in vanity" can refer to the false gods and idols which Israel constantly turned to. This is the reading of the KJB, RV, ASV, Geneva, KJV 21, TMB, Webster's, Spanish and Hebrew Names Version. But the NKJV says: "they trust in EMPTY WORDS", the NIV "they rely on EMPTY ARGUMENTS", and the NASB has: "they trust IN CONFUSION."
Isaiah 59:19 KJB - "So shall they fear the name of the LORD from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun. When the ENEMY shall come in like a flood, the SPIRIT of the LORD SHALL LIFT UP A STANDARD AGAINST HIM."
ESV - "So they shall fear the name of the LORD from the west, and his glory from the rising of the sun, FOR HE WILL COME LIKE A RUSHING STREAM, WHICH THE WIND OF THE LORD DRIVES."
This beautiful verse has been totally changed in the ESV, NIV, NASB, NET and Holman.
Agreeing with the King James Bible's "When the ENEMY shall come in like a flood, the SPIRIT of the LORD SHALL LIFT UP A STANDARD AGAINST HIM." are the NKJV 1982, Darby 1890, Young's 1898, 1936 Hebrew Publishing Company, Spanish Cipriano de Valera and Reina Valera, the Italian Diodati, French Martin and Ostervald, Portuguese A Biblia Sagrada, , Webster's, Amplified Bible 1987, Third Millennium Bible 1998, the 2012 Natural Israelite Bible, and KJV 21st Century 1994 we read: "When the ENEMY shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the LORD SHALL LIFT UP A STANDARD AGAINST HIM."
The Natural Israelite Bible of 2012 - "So shall they fear The name of Yahweh from the west, And His glory from the rising of the sun; WHEN THE ENEMY COMES IN LIKE A FLOOD, THE SPIRIT OF YAHWEH WILL LIFT UP A STANDARD AGAINST HIM."
Darby's translation - "When the adversary shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of Jehovah will lift up a banner against him."
Young's literal - "When come in as a flood doth an adversary, The Spirit of Jehovah hath raised an ensign against him."
NKJV 1982 - "When the enemy comes in like a flood, the Spirit of the LORD will lift up a standard against him."
The Amplified Bible 1987 - "When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the Lord will lift up a standard against him and put him to flight"
The Orthodox Jewish Bible 2011 - "When the enemy shall come in like a nahar (flood, river), the Ruach [Hakodesh] of Hashem shall lift up a standard against him."
The Spanish Cipriano de Valera 1602, Reina Valera 1909 and 1960 editions (but not the 1995) and the R.V. Gómez 2010 all read like the KJB with: "porque vendrá el enemigo como río, mas el Espíritu de Jehová levantará bandera contra él." = "The enemy will come like a river, but the Spirit of the Lord will raise a standard (flag) against him."
The French Martin 1744, the French Darby version and the French Ostervald 1996 read like the KJB - "quand l'adversaire viendra comme un fleuve, l'Esprit de l'Éternel lèvera l'étendard contre lui." - "When the enemy comes in live a flood, the Spirit of the Eternal will raise up a standard against him."
So too do the Italian Diodati 1649 and La Nuova Diodati of 1991 - "quando lavversario verr come una fiumana, lo Spirito dellEterno alzer contro di lui una bandiera." = "When the enemy comes like a flood, the Spirit of the Eternal One (the Lord) shall raise up a banner against him."
And so do the Portuguese Almeida Corrigida E Fiel and A Biblia Sagrada em Portugués - "vindo o inimigo como uma corrente de guas, o Esprito do SENHOR arvorar contra ele a sua bandeira." = "When the enemy comes like a current of waters, the Spirit of the Lord will raise up a banner against him."
The Romainian Fidela Bible 2009 reads exactly like the KJB - "Când duşmanul va intra ca un potop, Duhul DOMNULUI va ridica un steag împotriva lui." = "When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the LORD will raise up a standard against him."
The Dutch Staten Vertaling Bible - " als de vijand zal komen gelijk een stroom, zal de Geest des HEEREN de banier tegen hen oprichten." = "When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the LORD shall lift up a standard against them."
This is a marvelous promise of protection against the enemy when he assails us with a flood of persecution or temptations.
However the NASB, ESV, NET, ISV, Holman and NIV all join the RSV. The NASB says: "For He (God) will come like a RUSHING stream which the wind of the LORD drives." The NIV says: "For he will come like A PENT UP up flood that the breath of he Lord drives along."
The entire meaning is changed. They have omitted the word for "enemy", yet the NIV concordance shows they have translated this Hebrew word as "enemy" or "foe" some 61 times but only once as "pent up".
The NASB concordance shows they translated this same Hebrew word #6862 TSAR as "enemy" or "adversary" some 68 times and only once as "rushing". And the very word that is translated as "lift up a standard" is also translated as "lift up a banner" by the NASB, ESV and NIV Psalms 60:4.
The Catholic Connection
Can you guess which other versions read like the ESV, NIV, NASB? You got it. The Catholic Douay 1950 reads: "When he shall come as a violent stream, which the spirit of the Lord driveth on."
The St. Joseph NAB 1970 has: "For it shall come like a pent-up river which the breath of the LORD drives on."
And the New Jerusalem bible 1985 reads: "for he shall come like a pent-up stream impelled by the breath of Yahweh." = just like the ESV, NIV, NET, ISV, Holman and NASB. Just a coincidence, huh?
The so called Greek Septuagint is really weird, as usual, and totally opposite to the KJB with: "FOR THE WRATH OF THE LORD SHALL COME as a mighty river; IT SHALL COME WITH FURY." Yeah, that's pretty close, huh?
Yet the Modern Greek Bible reads like the King James Bible with: "οταν ο εχθρος επελθη ως ποταμος, το πνευμα του Κυριου θελει υψωσει σημαιαν εναντιον αυτου.: = "WHEN THE ENEMY COMES IN LIKE A FLOOD (river), the SPIRIT OF THE LORD WILL RAISE UP A BANNER AGAINST HIM."
Lamsa's translation of the Syriac is at least a little closer in meaning to the KJB, but not at all like the LXX with: "For the OPPRESSOR shall come in LIKE A FLOOD, and the Spirit of the LORD shall humble him."
The King James Bible was the first English Bible to get it right. The Geneva didn't quite get it, but read: "for THE ENEMIE SHALL COME IN LIKE A FLOOD, BUT THE SPIRIT OF THE LORD SHALL CHASE HIM AWAY."
John Wesley comments: "At what time soever the devil, or his instruments shall make violent irruptions upon the church. A standard - God shall make known himself to take their part and defend them, by his spirit alone."
John Calvin comments on this passage: "For the enemy shall come as a river. As to the reason now assigned, commentators differ. But the true meaning, in my opinion, is, that the attack of the enemy shall be so furious that, like a rapid and impetuous torrent, it shall appear to sweep away and destroy everything, but that the Lord shall cause it instantly to subside and disappear. It is therefore intended to heighten the description of the divine power, by which the vast strength and dreadful fury of the enemies are repelled, receive a different direction, and fall to pieces."
John Gill comments: "when the enemy shall come in like a flood; when Satan, the common "enemy" of mankind, the avowed and implacable enemy of Christ and his people, "shall come" into the world, and into the church, as he will in the latter day; and has already entered "like" an impetuous flood, threatening to carry all before him, introducing a flood of immorality and profaneness, as in the days of Noah and Lot, to which the times of the Son of Man's coming are likened, Luke 17:26 or else a flood of error and heresy of all sorts; see Revelation 12:15 and likewise a flood of persecution, as will be at the slaying of the witnesses, that hour of temptation that will come upon all the earth, to try the inhabitants of it...the Spirit of the Lord shall lift up a standard against him; Christ and his Gospel, or Christ the standard lifted up in the ministry of the Gospel, Isaiah 11:10 a set of ministers shall be raised up, having the everlasting Gospel, which they shall publish to all nations, and which shall have an universal spread; and by means of which the earth shall be filled with the knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea; and which will be a sufficient check to the enemy's flood of immorality, error, and persecution; and which, after this, shall be no more."
David Guzik's Commentary - "When the enemy comes in like a flood, the Spirit of the LORD will lift up a standard against him. The enemies of the LORD will never triumph over Him. Even if they come in like a flood, and seem unstoppable, the LORD will lift up a battle-standard against him, and he will be stopped. God gives His people the glorious privilege of beingmore than conquerors (Romans 8:37), but will win it with or without us."
The Pulpit Commentary - "When the enemy shall come in - even the King of Assyria and all his glory," When this shall be the case, then the Spirit of the Lord shall lift up a standard against him (comp. Isaiah 10:18; Zechariah 9:16), and easily vanquish him. The metaphor of "lifting a standard" for making an armed resistance is common in Isaiah (Isaiah 5:26; Isaiah 13:2; Isaiah 18:3; Isaiah 31:9, etc.)."
The King James Bible is right, as always. Accept no substitutes.
Isaiah 61:10 is one of my favorite verses. "I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in my God: for he hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, he hath covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decketh himself WITH ORNAMENTS, and as a bride adorneth herself with her jewels."
"as a bridegroom decketh himself with ornaments" is the reading of the NKJV, 1936, Young's, Green's interlinear, TMB, Webster's and the KJV 21.
The word for "ornaments" here is the same word as "beauty" found in 61:3 "to give them beauty for ashes". The verb means to beautify and is found in 60:13 'to beautify the place of my sanctuary'. It is rendered as beauty in 61:3 by the KJB, NKJV, Geneva, Darby, Young's, TMB, KJV 21 and Webster's. There the NASB says "to give them a GARLAND for ashes" but the NIV has 'to give them a CROWN OF BEAUTY for ashes".
But when we get to verse 61:10 the NASB again translates the word as garland and says "as a bridegroom decks himself with a GARLAND" but the NIV says: "as a bridegroom adorns HIS HEAD LIKE A PRIEST." How did a priest get in there? The old RSV and even the NRSV read "garland" just like the NASB, but now the new ESV or English Standard Version of 2001, which is a revision of the RSV, says "as a bridegroom decks himself LIKE A PRIEST WITH A BEAUTIFUL HEADDRESS."
John Gill says this is a Targum interpretation rather than what the Hebrew text actually says.
I have passed over many other changes in meaning found in these chapters, but these few will show that not all bibles are just saying the same thing but with different words. Different words, unless they are synonyms, change the meaning of the text. This should be obvious to us all.
In many subtle ways the character of Almighty God is being diminished in some of today's modern versions. A case in point in Isaiah 62:6. In the KJB we read: "I have set watchmen upon thy walls, O Jerusalem, which shall never hold their peace day nor night: ye THAT MAKE MENTION OF the LORD, keep not silence."
This verb, to make mention, is used several times in Isaiah as in 48:1, 49:1, and 63:7 "I will mention the lovingkindness of the LORD" where even the NASB has 'mention'. However in 62:6 the NASB says: "you WHO REMIND THE LORD, take no rest". Now, does God need to be reminded of something by men? Is He a forgetful old man?
The NASB alone tells us in Psalm 78:36 that the children of Israel DECEIVED God, whereas all the other Bible say they did FLATTER Him with their mouth. We can flatter God and insincerely say nice things about Him, but surely we cannot deceive God.
Another example of diminishing God is found in Jeremiah 3:7 where the Hebrew Masoretic text, the Jewish translations, RV, ASV, NKJV, Young's, Darby, Geneva etc. have God saying: "And I SAID after she had done all these things, TURN THOU unto me. But she returned not."
However both the NASB and the NIV have followed a different text and have God saying: "I THOUGHT, 'After she has done all these things SHE WOULD RETURN to Me; but she did not ." Was God mistaken? Does God need to be reminded of something? Can He be deceived ? The NASB teaches us that He can be.
In 63:1-3 we have a picture of God taking vengeance as a man treading grapes and staining his garments. "Who is this that cometh from Edom, with DYED garments from Bozrah?...Wherefore art thou red in thine apparel, and thy garments like him that treadeth the winefat? I have trodden the winepress alone; ...their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments."
DYED garments is the reading of the KJB, RV, ASV, NKJV, Young's, Douay, Webster's, TMB, KJV 21. The NIV has 'garments stained crimson' but the NASB says: "with garments OF GLOWING COLORS".
In 63:11 we read: "Then HE remembered the days of old, Moses and his people..." HE refers to God and is the reading of the KJB, RV, ASV, NKJV, ESV, Young's, Darby, Geneva, RSV, Spanish, KJV 21, TMB, Webster's and the Douay versions.
Jamieson, Faussett and Brown remark - 11. remembered--Notwithstanding their perversity, He forgot not His covenant of old; therefore He did not wholly forsake them - God is represented, in human language, mentally speaking of Himself and His former acts of love to Israel, as His ground for pitying them notwithstanding their rebellion.
However the NASB and NIV say "HIS PEOPLE remembered..." It is of interest to note that the NRSV says THEY but then in a footnote tells us the Hebrew says HE.
The meaning of 63:19 has been changed in the NASB and the NKJV. There we read in the KJB, Young's, Webster's Bible, the Third Millenium Bible, the KJV 21 and even in the NIV "We are thine; thou never barest rule over them; they were not called by thy name." The NIV reads: "We are yours from of old; but you have not ruled over them, they have not been called by your name."
God's people belong to Him. He chose them to be His own and He did not chose the surrounding nations. They were not called by the name of the one true God.
However both the NASB and the NKJV say: "We have become like those of old, over whom You never ruled, Those who were never called by Your name." What happened to WE ARE THINE? Are they no longer the Lord's people?
1-3 "Oh that thou wouldest rend the heavens, that thou wouldest come down, that the mountains might FLOW DOWN at thy presence, As when THE MELTING FIRE BURNETH, the fire causeth the waters to boil, to make thy name know to thine adversaries, that the nations may tremble at thy presence! When thou didst terrible things whice we looked not for, thou camest down, the mountains FLOWED DOWN at thy presence."
The picture here of the melting fire and the mountains flowing down at the presence of God was both portrayed symbolically at the giving of the law at mount Sinai (Judges 5:4) and will occur literally in the great day of the Lord when the elements shall melt with fervent heat (2 Peter 3:10).
The mountains FLOW DOWN, and THE MELTING FIRE BURNETH is the reading of the KJB, Webster's Bible, the Third Millenium Bible and the KJV 21. Both verbs for the flow down are the same, but some versions translate one as flow down and the other as to shake or tremble as Darby, Young's and Douay.
Matthew Henry comments: "mountains flow down, melting fire burneth" That the mountains might flow down at thy presence, that the fire of thy wrath may burn so fiercely against thy enemies as even to dissolve the rockiest mountains and melt them down before it, as metal in the furnace, which is made liquid and cast into what shape the operator pleases; so the melting fire burns"
The NKJV joins the NASB (which has "quaked") and translates both instances of this verb as "the mountains SHAKE" instead of FLOW DOWN, and it also says "as fire burns BRUSHWOOD" instead of "the MELTING FIRE burneth". The NIV translates both verbs as "tremble" and has the fire burning TWIGS. We see literally hundreds of such examples where the NKJV has changed far more than just the Thee and Ye of the KJB.
The meaning of verses 4, 5 and 7 have also been inconsistently changed in the Babel of modern versions, as we shall see.
Verse 4 "FOR SINCE THE BEGINNING OF THE WORLD, men have not heard, nor perceived by the ear, neither hath the eye seen. O GOD, BESIDE THEE, WHAT HE HATH PREPARED for him that waiteth for him."
"For since the beginning of the world" is the reading of the KJB, NKJV, Geneva, 1936 Jewish translation, Douay, TMB, Webster's, and the KJV 21. The NASB says FROM OF OLD, while the NIV has SINCE ANCIENT TIMES.
"NEITHER HATH THE EYE SEEN, O GOD, BESIDE THEE, WHAT HE HATH PREPARED" is the reading of the KJB, Douay, ASV footnote, TMB, KJV 21 and Webster's.
Matthew Henry again comments - "since the beginning of the world men have not, either by hearing or seeing, the two learning senses, come to the full knowledge of it. None have seen, nor heard, nor can understand, but God himself, what the provision is that is made for the present and future felicity of holy souls. God himself knew what he had in store for believers, but none knew besides him."
The KJB reading is in agreement with the New Testament reference to this verse where the Holy Ghost says through Paul in I Corinthians 2:9 "But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him."
But here in Isaiah 64:4 the NKJV again joins the NASB, NIV in saying: "Nor has the sye seen ANY GOD BESIDE YOU, WHO ACTS FOR THE ONE who waits for Him." The meaning of the KJB is that no one has seen the things that God prepared but God. The NKJV's meaning is that some have seen God and He acts for them. The two meanings are very different. 64:5 "Thou meetest him that rejoiceth and worketh righteousnes, those that remember thee in THY WAYS; behold thou art wroth: for we have sinned: IN THOSE IS CONTINUANCE, AND WE SHALL BE SAVED." This is the reading of the KJB, Geneva, Darby, Webster, TMB and the KJV 21. The words IN THOSE IS CONTINUANCE refer back to the ways of God.
Jamieson, Faussett and Brown comment: in those is continuance--"it is not in Thy wrath that there is continuance but in Thy ways ("those"), namely, of covenant mercy to Thy people on the strength of the everlasting continuance of His covenant they infer by faith, "we shall be saved." God "remembered" for them His covenant though they often "remembered not" Him. CASTELLIO translates, "we have sinned for long in them ('thy ways'), and could we then be saved?" But they hardly would use such a plea when their very object was to be saved."
The Geneva Bible notes comment: 64:5 Thou meetest him that rejoiceth and worketh righteousness, [those that] remember thee in thy e ways: behold, thou art angry; for we have sinned: in f those is continuance, and we shall be saved. (e) They considered your great mercies. (f) That is, in your mercies, which he calls the ways of the Lord.
However we see the entire meaning of this verse completely changed in the multitude of modern versions. The NKJV says: "Who remembers You in Your ways. You are indeed angry, for we have sinned - In THESE WAYS WE CONTINUE; And WE NEED TO BE SAVED."
The NASB has: "remembers You in Your ways. Behold, You were angry, for we sinned, WE CONTINUED IN THEM FOR A LONG TIME; AND SHALL WE BE SAVED?"
The NIV reads: "who remember your ways. BUT WE CONTINUED TO SIN AGAINST THEM, you were angry. HOW THEN CAN WE BE SAVED?"
The NRSV is even weirder with "who remember you in your ways. But you were angry and we sinned: BECAUSE YOU HID YOURSELF WE TRANSGRESSED." Then it has a footnote telling us that the meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain! This is a total lie because the Hebrew is very clearly a Future passive of the verb to save, just like in the KJB "we SHALL BE SAVED".
So where is your final authority? God's pure words preserved in the majestic and God honoring King James Bible that has stood solid for almost 400 years, or in the changing and contradictory opinions of today's scholars?
Finally in this single chapter we read in verse 7 "And there is none that calleth upon thy name, that stirreth up himself to take hold of thee: for thou hast hid thy face from us, AND HAST CONSUMED US, BECAUSE OF OUR INIQUITIES."
The verb "to consume" is #4127 and can mean either to consume, to melt or to dissolve. The KJB reading is shared by many Bible versions including the NKJV and the NIV. The NIV says: "you have hidden your face from us and made us aste away because of our sins."
But when we get to the NASB we see that they have followed texts other than the Hebrew Masoretic. The NASB reads like the RSV and the NRSV and says: "You have hidden Your face from us and HAVE DELIVERED us INTO THE POWER OF OUR INIQUITIES."
The NASB does not tell you when they have changed texts, which they do 40 to 50 times that I have found so far. But the RSV and NRSV both have a footnote telling us that this reading comes in part from the LXX, the Syriac and a Targum reading but the Hebrew reads "melt", not "delivered into". The new ESV, which is a revision of the RSV, has now gone back to "you melt”.
So where is your final authority? God's pure words preserved in the majestic and God honoring King James Bible that has stood solid for almost 400 years, or in the changing and contradictory opinions of today?
In 66:4 God testifies against those who have gone after idols and chosen their own ways. To them He says: "I also will choose THEIR DELUSIONS, and will bring their fear upon them." This verse also ties in with II Thessalonians 2:11 where God says He will send strong DELUSION upon those who received not the love of the truth.
"I will choose their DELUSIONS" is the reading of the KJB, RV, ASV, NKJV, Geneva, Hebrew Names Bible and others. However the NASB says: "I will choose their PUNISHMENT"; the NIV "I will choose their HARSH TREATMENT" and the NRSV has: "I will choose TO MOCK THEM." These are not simple synonyms and do not mean the same thing.
We have dealt with 66:5 at the beginning of this study on Isaiah. Whereas the KJB, Green's interlinear, TMB, Webster's, KJV 21, 1936, and Spanish all say: "Hear the word of the LORD, ye that tremble at his word; Your brethren that hated you, that cast you out for my name's sake, said, Let the LORD be glorified: BUT HE SHALL APPEAR TO YOUR JOY, and they shall be ashamed."
However the NKJV, NASB and NIV all change the meaning of this verse to: "Let the LORD be glorified THAT WE MAY SEE YOUR JOY, and they shall be ashamed."
66:19 "And I will send those that escape of them unto the nations, to Tarshish, PUL, and Lud, THAT DRAW THE BOW, to Tubal, and Javan, to the isles afar off..and they shall declare my glory among the Gentiles."
The reading of PUL here is exacltly what the Hebrew says and is the reading of the RV, ASV, NKJV, Young's, ESV, Darby etc. However the NIV says "the LIBYANS" and the NASB, RSV say "PUT (instead of PUL). But the NIV and RSV both have a footnote telling us that the NASB reading of PUT comes from SOME LXX but that the Hebrew says PUL. My copy of the LXX says PHUD and not PUT, so I don't know which copies of the LXX the NASB committee felt free to use here.
Again in 66:19 the reading of "THAT DRAW THE BOW" is found in the KJB, ASV, RV, RSV, NRSV, ESV, NKJV, Young's, Geneva etc. Even the NIV has: "famous as archers" but the NASB alone renders "that draw the bow" as "MESHECH, ROSH". Again they may have followed some LXX in part because my copy of the LXX reads "Mosoch" but it omits the 'Rosh" part.
One final verse in this study of Isaiah is 66:23 where we read: "And it shall come to pass, that from one new moon to another, and from one sabbath to another, shall ALL FLESH come TO WORSHIP before me, saith the LORD."
When God uses the word FLESH in referrence to men it denotes our weakness, frailty, liability to sin and corruption. During the Millenium there will be people born who will come up to Jerusalem to worship God. Notice it is to WORSHIP God. Both the words Flesh for men and Worship for God put both in their proper place. Only God is to be worshipped. These words Flesh (for man) and Worship (for God) are found in the KJB, RV, ASV, NKJV and even the liberal RSV, NRSV and the new ESV.
However in both the NASB and NIV we see both man exalted and God diminished by the sublte change in both these words. Here they both render this verse as "shall ALL MANKIND come to BOW DOWN before Me, saith the LORD."
Mankind is a much nobler word than Flesh. It exalts man rather than humbles him, and we may Bow Down to a mere man, as in Genesis 37:10 and Exodus 11:8, but we can only Worship God. The NASB / NIV have both changed many verses in the New Testament where Jesus Christ is worshipped, to men merely Bowing down or Kneeling down before Him. See Matthew 8:2; 9:18; 18:21 and 20:20 etc. Yet they translate this same word as worship when it is applied to the dragon in Rev. 13:4.
We have seen through this comparative study of Isaiah that all bibles do NOT teach the same thing in scores of verses. The NASB, NIV and NKJV do not always follow the same Hebrew Masoretic texts, nor do they have the same meaning even when they supposedly are translating the same text. This results in the present day Bible Babel of confusion and uncertainty. There is no final authority save the conflicting opinions of scholars who believe some of God's words have been lost and it is up to them to restore as best they think they can what God Himself was not able to preserve.
We who believe God has kept His promises to preserve His words and has in fact done so, and they are found today in the King James Bible. He that hath ears to hear, let him hear.
Thank you and may God be pleased to open the eyes of your understanding that you may "know the certainty of the words of truth". Proverbs 22:21
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