Free Will - the cause of sin!
A Christian wrote me asking - “Did Adam and Eve have a free will?”
You bring up a good question about whether or not Adam and Eve had a free will. I believe that the Godhead has a perfectly free will and it will never change. I also believe that Satan had a free will at one point, but no longer. We see him saying his 5 "I will"s in Isaiah 14 - "I will exalt my throne above the stars of God...I will be like the most High." etc.
And I believe that Adam and Eve had a free will. I think the big lesson God is teaching us is that anytime there are two independent wills in the universe, eventually they are going to come into conflict, and thus the origin and cause of sin. I believe that it is actually man's most boasted and proud ability - his "free will" - that is in fact the reason for the fall of man and his ruin.
Let's look for a minute about what the Bible tells us about Adam and Eve. In 1 Timothy 2:13-14 we read: "For Adam was first formed, then Eve. And Adam was not deceived, but the woman being deceived was in the transgression."
Eve was deceived. Genesis 3:6 tells us: "And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof." Eve may well have thought that it was A GOOD THING to eat of the tree. After all, isn't being made wise a good thing to do? But she was deceived.
What about Adam? He apparently was not deceived, but went into it with his eyes open. He had a choice to make. He undoubtedly loved Eve. She was beautiful to look at and she gave him much pleasure. He no doubt liked being in her company and sharing with her their daily activities.
Some have even speculated that there is another parallel "type" between Adam and Christ. As Christ loved the church and gave himself for it, so too Adam loved Eve and gave himself for her. But he had to make a choice. Was he going to go with what God said, or with his "help meet" whom he loved?
God is teaching us that only when there is just One Will - the Will of God - only then do all things work together for the good of all.That is why the perfect Son of man Jesus said - "Not my will, but thine be done." (Matthew 26:39) and "For I came down from heaven, not to do my own will, but the will of him that sent me." (John 6:38)
And this is why our Lord teaches us to pray in what is called The Lord's Prayer - "Our Father which art in heaven, Hallowed by thy name. Thy kingdom come. THY WILL BE DONE IN EARTH, AS IT IS IN HEAVEN." Matthew 6:9-10
He, as the 2nd man and the last Adam, did what the first Adam did not. He submitted his human will to that of God. (I also believe He is fully God as well; but that is a different issue)
So, Yes, I believe Adam and Eve both had a free will. But their free will eventually came into conflict with God's will and since the Fall of Adam and all mankind in him, all men and every individual born since then does NOT have a free will. We are born in bondage to sin and dead spiritually. A dead man in bondage has no free will.
Fallen man DOES have a "will", but it is governed by his fallen, sinful and self centered nature. In carnal, physical things we can choose to wear the blue shirt or the red one, or pick a Ford over a Chevy, or eat pie or cake or both. But we cannot "will" to be born, or to have blue eyes or brown, or to be intelligent or not, or to grow wings and fly or not to die. In the big things in life, we really have no choice in the matter.
And when it comes to anything spiritual and pertaining to the true God, as Jesus says: "Without Me, ye can do NOTHING." And "Ye have NOT chosen Me, but I have chosen you." John 15:5 and 16
We are clearly told in John 1:13 that the new birth is NOT of the will of man, but of God.
Those who received the Lord Jesus and believed on his name “were born, not of blood, NOR OF THE WILL OF THE FLESH, NOR OF THE WILL OF MAN, BUT OF GOD."
James 1:18 tells us: "OF HIS OWN WILL begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures." Notice was God's will. Our "will" had nothing to do with it.
And in Romans 9:16 we are told of those on whom God wills to have mercy - "So then IT IS NOT OF HIM THAT WILLETH, nor of him that runneth, BUT OF GOD that sheweth mercy."
For more information on this, see my study on what it means to “receive” Christ as our Saviour.
God does not force us to come to him. He makes us willing to come.
“Thy people shall be willing in the day of thy power.” Psalms 110:3
And - “For it is God which worketh in you BOTH TO WILL AND TO DO of his good pleasure.” Philippians 2:13
So the natural man’s vaunted “free will” is a myth and is actually the cause of Adam’s fall and our fall in him as our federal head and representative.
All of grace, believing the Book - the King James Bible
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