2 Peter 2:4 Hell or Tartaros? - ταρταροσ
King James Bible - “For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to HELL, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment”
The word Tartaros is found only one time in the entire Bible, and that is here in 2 Peter 2:4.
“Tartarus is of Greek origin and refers to “the subterranean region, doleful and dark, regarded by the Greeks as the abode of the wicked dead, where they suffer punishment for their evil deeds; it answers to Gehenna of the Jews.”
Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament, page 615.
“Tartarus was either the nether-world generally, or a place of torment and punishment”
Liddell & Scott’s Greek-English Lexicon, 1887, page 692.
Bible scholars seem to differ among themselves as to whether Tartaros is equivalent to Hell, or a part or separate section of Hell or Gehanna - the Gehenna of fire, or if it is a special place of torment and imprisonment that is reserved exclusively for the fallen angels.
In any event, it is a very unpleasant place to be and their final judgment seems to be yet future - “reserved unto judgment”.
And since the Lord Jesus gives us His words in Matthew 25:41, where He says: “Then shall he say also unto them on the left hand, Depart from me, ye cursed, into everlasting fire, prepared for the devil and his angels.” -
and we are told in Revelation 20:14 that “death and hell were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.” it seems that the English word HELL for Tartaros is a perfectly acceptable and accurate translation.
Jehovah Witness New World Translation, the Thomson Bible 1808, Young’s 1898, Goodspeed N.T. 1923, Montgomery N.T. 1924, Moffatt N.T. 1926, Context Group Version 2007, Faithful N.T. 2009, Holman Standard 2009, the New European Version 2010, Lexham English Bible 2012, the Hebraic Roots Bible 2012, World English Bible 2012 - threw them down into Tartarus, The Hebrew Names Version 2014 - Tartaros
Common English Bible 2011 - the lowest level of the underworld
Rotherham’s Emphasized bible 1902 - into the lowest hades
Lawrie Translation 1998, Jubilee Bible 2010, Biblos Bible 2011 - into the deepest abyss
Orthodox Jewish Bible 2011 - cast them into Gehinnom
the Aramaic New Testament 2011 - the lower regions
Complete Jewish Bible 1998 - put them in gloomy dungeons lower than Sh’ol
Contemporary English Version 1995 - thrown into the dark pits of hell
Darby 1890 - the deepest pit of gloom
Disciples Literal New Testament 2011 - having cast them into hell
The Pioneers’ New Testament 2014 - the pit of darkness
KJB - “For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to HELL, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment”
Other Bibles that translate (as opposed to a transliteration) this word as HELL are Wycliffe 1395, Tyndale 1534, Coverdale 1535, The Great Bible 1540, Matthew’s Bible 1549, the Bishops’ Bible 1568, the Douay-Rheims 1582, the Geneva Bible 1587, the Beza N.T.1599, the Mace N.T. 1729, Worsley Version 1770, Wesley Version 1790, Haweis N.T. 1795, The Revised Translation 1815, Webster Bible 1833, the Calvin Version 1856, Noyes Translation 1869, the Alford N.T. 1870, the Revised Version 1885, the ASV 1901, the Godbey N.T. 1902, Worrell N.T. 1904, the Clarke N.T. 1913, Bible in Basic English 1961, The Plain English N.T. 1963, New Life Version 1969, the Living Bible 1971, the RSV 1971, J.B. Phillips N.T. 1972, the NKJV 1982, the NRSV 1989, Good News Translation 1992, The Word of Yah 1993, God’s Word Translation 1995, NASB 1995, the Worldwide English N.T. 1998, the Common Edition N.T. 1999, God’s First Truth 1999, The Common N.T. 1999, The Message 2002, the Tomson N.T. 2002, New Century Version 2005, NET version 2006, Easy-to-Read Version 2006, Bond Slave Version 2009, the Hebraic Transliteration Scripture 2010, New Heart English Bible 2012, the ESV 2011, The Names of God Bible 2011, Mounce Interlinear N.T. 2011, the NIV 2011, The Work of God’s Children Illustrated Bible 2011, The Vpice 2012, the New Living Translation 2013, ISV 2014 - “the lowest HELL”, the Modern English Version 2014, The Translator’s Bible 2014, The Modern Literal N.T. 2014, the New International Reader’s Version 2014, The Amplified Bible 2015 and The International Children’s Bible 2015.
All of grace, believing The Book - the King James Holy Bible,
Return to Articles - http://brandplucked.webs.com/kjbarticles.htm